SCLY1 - Families and Households - Topic 4 - Demography. (AQA AS Sociology)

Tahlie
Quiz by Tahlie, updated more than 1 year ago
Tahlie
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Quiz on SCLY1 - Families and Households - Topic 4 - Demography. (AQA AS Sociology), created by Tahlie on 03/05/2015.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Which term refers to the number of live births per 1000 of the population per year?
Answer
  • Birth Rate
  • Live births
  • Baby Number

Question 2

Question
There has been a long time ________________ in the number of births since 1900.
Answer
  • Decline
  • Increase

Question 3

Question
In 1900 England and Wales had a Birth rate of _____. In 2007 it had a birth rate of ____.
Answer
  • 28.7 and 10.7
  • 30.5 and 25.8
  • 40.6 and 5.6

Question 4

Question
There were 2 baby booms after the 2 World Wars and and one in the 1960's.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
What is meant by the Total Fertility Rate (TFR)?
Answer
  • The average number of children women will have during her fertile years.
  • The number of live births per 1000 of the population per year

Question 6

Question
The UK's total fertility rate has risen since 2001, from ______ in 2001 to _____ by 2006. However this is still much lower the peak of ____ in 1964.
Answer
  • 1.63 1.84 and 2.95
  • 1.5, 2 and 4
  • 1, 3 and 4

Question 7

Question
These changes in fertility and birth rates reflect the fact that; More women are remaining childless than in the past and women are postponing having children for longer.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
There were major changes in the position of women during the 20th century and these have affected the changes in birth rates and fertility rates. They include;
Answer
  • Legal equality with men, inc the right to vote
  • More women are in paid employment and there are now laws outlawing unequal pay and sex discrimination
  • Easier access to divorce

Question 9

Question
The infant mortality rate refers to the number of infants who die before their first birthday, per thousand babies born alive.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
In 1900, what was the infant mortality rate?
Answer
  • 154
  • 145
  • 134

Question 11

Question
Which of these is not a reason for the decline in Infant mortality rate?
Answer
  • Improved housing and better sanitation
  • Better nutrition
  • Better hygiene knowledge
  • Improved services for mothers and children, such as antenatal and postnatal clinics
  • The rise in divorce rates

Question 12

Question
What the infant mortality rate in 2007?
Answer
  • 0
  • 5
  • 40

Question 13

Question
Which sociologist reject the view that falling infant mortality rates have led to a decrease in birth rates? They argue instead that the trend towards smaller families began not in rural areas where the IMR first began to fall but in, urban areas where IMR remained higher for longer.
Answer
  • Brass and Kabir (1978)
  • Tranter (1996)
  • McKeown (1972)

Question 14

Question
A reason for the decline in births is that children have become an economic liability.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
What is the projection of birth rates for the time period up to 2041 ?
Answer
  • 700,000 - 720,000
  • 600,000-650,000
  • 400,000- 460,000

Question 16

Question
The dependency ratio is the relationship between the size of the working/ productive part of the population and the size of the non-working or dependent part of the population. The earnings, savings and taxes of the working population must support the dependent population.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
The overall number of deaths has ________________ since 1900.
Answer
  • Remained fairly stable
  • Become unstable and fluctuates.
  • Has decreased sharply

Question 18

Question
The death rate refers to the number of deaths per thousand of the population per year. It has __________ since 1900.
Answer
  • fallen
  • remained stable
  • increased

Question 19

Question
What was the death rate in 1900? And the death rate in 2007?
Answer
  • 19 and 10
  • 40 and 20
  • 100 and 20

Question 20

Question
According to ____________, over 3/4 of the decline in death rate is due to the fall in the number of deaths from infectious diseases such as diphtheria, influenza etc. Since deaths from infectious diseases were most common in the young it is not a surprise that most of the decline in death rate occurred among infants,children and young adults.
Answer
  • Tranter (1996)
  • Mckeown (1972)
  • Hirsch (2005)

Question 21

Question
According to _____________, improved nutrition accounted for up to half the reduction in death rates and was particularly important in reducing deaths from TB.
Answer
  • McKeown (1972)
  • Hirsch (2005)
  • Brass and Kabir (1978)

Question 22

Question
Others have criticised Mckeown's view that improved nutrition reduced death rate from infectious diseases. They argue that it does not explain.................
Answer
  • Why females lived longer than males.
  • Why deaths from some infectious diseases such as measles and infant diarrhoea rose at the time of improved nutrition.
  • Why divorce rates rose.

Question 23

Question
Which of these did not contribute to the fall of death rate?
Answer
  • Medical improvements
  • Public health measures
  • The decline of more dangerous manual occupations such as mining
  • Larger families reduced the rate of transmission of infection

Question 24

Question
Life expectancy refers to how long on average a person born in a given year can expect to live. Males born in England in 1900 could expect on average to live until they were 50 (57 for females). Males born in England in 2003-5 can expect to live for 76.9 years (81.2 for females)
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
Despite the overall reduction in the death rate and the increase in life expectancy over the last 100 years there are still important ___________________, _________________ and _____________ differences.
Answer
  • Gender, class and regional
  • Family, Social and Age
  • Medical, Public and Enviromental

Question 26

Question
From 1900 until the second world war which groups immigrated most to the UK?
Answer
  • Irish, Central European Jews and people of british descent from Canada and the USA
  • Caribbean, Jamaica, USA and Europe

Question 27

Question
By the 1950's, __________ immigrants began to arrive in the UK, followed during the 1960's and 70's by south asian immigrants from India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, and by East Africans from ______________ and _____________.
Answer
  • Black, Kenya and Uganda
  • American, Rwanda and Ethiopia
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