2016 學測衝刺班試答題

Hall Learner
Quiz by Hall Learner, updated more than 1 year ago
Hall Learner
Created by Hall Learner over 6 years ago
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大學堂英文 - 台灣高中升大學英文學測測驗題

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
01. Some of the ruined villages appeared to have been ______, with few signs of life among the piles of rubble.
Answer
  • (A) shaded
  • (B) abandoned
  • (C) coveted
  • (D) exhibited

Question 2

Question
02. Nepal ______eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, with spectacular scenery to match.
Answer
  • (A) boasts
  • (B) honored
  • (C) flocked
  • (D) surveyed

Question 3

Question
03. Trespass occurs when, without ______, one enters onto another’s property in an unlawful manner.
Answer
  • (A) wariness
  • (B) consent
  • (C) trick
  • (D) source

Question 4

Question
04. My parents decide to ______ the cost of the groceries, covering expenses for the birthday party I am throwing.
Answer
  • (A) perform
  • (B) sample
  • (C) absorb
  • (D) release

Question 5

Question
05. Initially selected as a temporary replacement, the pitcher later signed a longer-term ______ with much higher salaries this year.
Answer
  • (A) incident
  • (B) nomination
  • (C) rumor
  • (D) contract

Question 6

Question
06. According to the study, the foreign population in this region was ______ while indigenous communities were shrinking.
Answer
  • (A) damaging
  • (B) booming
  • (C) deserting
  • (D) bustling

Question 7

Question
07. We cannot stop natural disasters, but we have to ______ to overcome them once they happen. After all, we hope to move on and get back to normal life as soon as possible.
Answer
  • (A) contribute
  • (B) desire
  • (C) dare
  • (D) attain

Question 8

Question
08. Following a series of violent eruptions, the government has issued a red ______, warning that the volcano remains unstable.
Answer
  • (A) burden
  • (B) horror
  • (C) degree
  • (D) alert

Question 9

Question
09. The kitchen — ______ with an oven, dishwasher, toaster, kettle and coffee maker — was ample enough to indulge culinary arts.
Answer
  • (A) equipped
  • (B) enlisted
  • (C) entertained
  • (D) exchanged

Question 10

Question
10. Ted is ______ of the adverse effect of smoking; however, he continues the habit.
Answer
  • (A) aware
  • (B) guilty
  • (C) capable
  • (D) foolish

Question 11

Question
11. The company is expected to ______ a brand new version of its smartphone at the press conference next week.
Answer
  • (A) blossom
  • (B) direct
  • (C) boast
  • (D) debut

Question 12

Question
12. My plan to reduce office paper waste has proven to be ______, resulting in a fifty percent reduction in paper use.
Answer
  • (A) effective
  • (B) cautious
  • (C) general
  • (D) fancy

Question 13

Question
13. By week’s end, the Tourism Bureau said Mount Everest climbs could ______ once the icefall was repaired.
Answer
  • (A) gather
  • (B) resume
  • (C) entertain
  • (D) prosper

Question 14

Question
14. The candidate worked tirelessly to persuade ______ or even mildly hostile voters that he has the ability to be a good president.
Answer
  • (A) worldly
  • (B) destructive
  • (C) harsh
  • (D) skeptical

Question 15

Question
15. Applying a generous amount of sunscreen 30 minutes before going outdoors is ______ to protect your skin from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet radiation.
Answer
  • (A) regular
  • (B) permanent
  • (C) essential
  • (D) doubtful

Question 16

Question
16. The man was arrested on ______ of murdering a seven-year-old who died in a house fire two years ago.
Answer
  • (A) suspicion
  • (B) core
  • (C) desire
  • (D) effort

Question 17

Question
17. On freezing winter days, most students don’t ______ leaving a cozy, warm bed to trudge over to campus for a full day of classes.
Answer
  • (A) deny
  • (B) fancy
  • (C) enable
  • (D) rotate

Question 18

Question
18. A producer’s value lies in his eye, the deep understanding about how a film moves or ______ an audience.
Answer
  • (A) undergoes
  • (B) rushes
  • (C) sways
  • (D) thrills

Question 19

Question
19. Everybody laughs the same in every culture. Moreover, a warm smile has become a ______ language of kindness.
Answer
  • (A) pure
  • (B) intimate
  • (C) universal
  • (D) potential

Question 20

Question
20. The experts ______ this quake-stricken area, looking closely at it to measure the damage.
Answer
  • (A) nibbled
  • (B) mined
  • (C) surveyed
  • (D) repaired

Question 21

Question
21. Despite its beautiful scenery, the town is not a popular tourism ______ because it offers few leisure activities.
Answer
  • (A) destination
  • (B) provision
  • (C) outbreak
  • (D) miracle

Question 22

Question
22. From bendable screens to eye scanners, the following are 15 smartphone ______ to expect in the next five years.
Answer
  • (A) titles
  • (B) substances
  • (C) appliances
  • (D) features

Question 23

Question
23. Obviously, such a ______ portion of fried rice doesn’t cheer a hungry growing boy like my brother.
Answer
  • (A) major
  • (B) slender
  • (C) realistic
  • (D) violent

Question 24

Question
24. Whenever she tries to discuss with Jack about his drinking problems, she is met with excuses, ______ and anger.
Answer
  • (A) innocence
  • (B) penalty
  • (C) denial
  • (D) proof

Question 25

Question
25. Fresh fruit has a ______ low amount of sugar compared with bottled juice. For those who are on a diet, the former is a better choice.
Answer
  • (A) rarely
  • (B) regularly
  • (C) relatively
  • (D) remotely

Question 26

Question
26. Tom’s family valued education highly, so they have made financial ______ for his college tuition payments.
Answer
  • (A) execution
  • (B) invasion
  • (C) participation
  • (D) provision

Question 27

Question
27. Cyber-bullying can happen 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, so its impact can be severe, ______, and long-lasting.
Answer
  • (A) tricky
  • (B) far-reaching
  • (C) breathtaking
  • (D) sentimental

Question 28

Question
28. Residents here have the lowest household incomes in the country and, correspondingly, the highest ______ rates.
Answer
  • (A) poverty
  • (B) retirement
  • (C) property
  • (D) hostility

Question 29

Question
29. Despite earnest attempts to make peace, this ______ encounter has stretched my patience to my limit.
Answer
  • (A) hostile
  • (B) mature
  • (C) eager
  • (D) cruel

Question 30

Question
30. Sue picked a lovely floral ______ as my birthday present, but to be honest, I am not too fond of how it smelled on my skin.
Answer
  • (A) breeze
  • (B) data
  • (C) attachment
  • (D) fragrance

Question 31

Question
31. It stands to reason that investors are ______ to spend money on items that won't yield good results.
Answer
  • (A) tentative
  • (B) reluctant
  • (C) abnormal
  • (D) adventurous

Question 32

Question
32. There is no question that the economy is in recession, with many factories ______ especially in the fabric and households industries.
Answer
  • (A) destructive
  • (B) brilliant
  • (C) idle
  • (D) captivating

Question 33

Question
33. After the strong quake, our top priority is to reach those isolated villages ______ from centers of civilization. We fear that they might be wiped off the map.
Answer
  • (A) remote
  • (B) lean
  • (C) empty
  • (D) picturesque

Question 34

Question
34. We need to radically rethink our economic, social and political models to create a sustainable, ______ future for everyone on the planet.
Answer
  • (A) prosperous
  • (B) existing
  • (C) fancy
  • (D) intimate

Question 35

Question
35. Attending my son’s graduation ceremony and watching him receive his ______ are a terrific thrill, truly one of a family’s most memorable moments.
Answer
  • (A) diploma
  • (B) essentials
  • (C) identification
  • (D) insight

Question 36

Question
36. Mary’s difficult boss is constantly ______ everything she does, especially what time she comes in and what time she leaves the office.
Answer
  • (A) forgiving
  • (B) committing
  • (C) grasping
  • (D) monitoring

Question 37

Question
37. As the beetles ______ forests, the trees suffer a quick death and become the perfect fuel for fire.
Answer
  • (A) dangle
  • (B) migrate
  • (C) invade
  • (D) reproduce

Question 38

Question
38. Many consider this painting the Mona Lisa of Austria, and to some Austrians, keeping this ______ work in the country is a matter of national honor.
Answer
  • (A) magnetic
  • (B) mandatory
  • (C) magnificent
  • (D) malicious

Question 39

Question
39. Traveling abroad has become easier for Chinese as many countries ______ to welcome the high-spending Chinese tourists have relaxed visa rules.
Answer
  • (A) random
  • (B) keen
  • (C) seductive
  • (D) hesitant

Question 40

Question
40. Lisa erupted in fury when her little brother ______ her carefully constructed Lego castle, breaking it into tiny parts.
Answer
  • (A) overlooked
  • (B) portrayed
  • (C) resembled
  • (D) destroyed

Question 41

Question
41. The US government has now ______ the ban and a number of ferry companies have been given licenses.
Answer
  • (A) lifted
  • (B) imposed
  • (C) accumulated
  • (D) restrained

Question 42

Question
42. The random police checkpoints are done as a way to ______ people from drinking and driving.
Answer
  • (A) divide
  • (B) disagree
  • (C) discourage
  • (D) dread

Question 43

Question
43. With the movie Frozen becoming a worldwide ______, Princess Elsa, who freezes her kingdom, has become an icon for numerous young girls.
Answer
  • (A) phenomenon
  • (B) mischief
  • (C) myth
  • (D) performance

Question 44

Question
44. Adapted from Suzanne Collins’ bestseller, the movie has been ______ for and won multiple awards in major film festivals.
Answer
  • (A) denied
  • (B) nominated
  • (C) sustained
  • (D) budgeted

Question 45

Question
45. If you wait to start your term paper until the night before it's due, you are ______ to procrastination or late submission.
Answer
  • (A) prone
  • (B) foolish
  • (C) desirable
  • (D) wary

Question 46

Question
46. When planning a party, it's best to write out a to-do list so that you don't ______ any details.
Answer
  • (A) jeer
  • (B) invent
  • (C) pose
  • (D) overlook

Question 47

Question
47. All families have conflicts and ______, but what unites us is far more important than what divides us.
Answer
  • (A) tragedy
  • (B) disagreement
  • (C) tales
  • (D) polls

Question 48

Question
48. Emotionally ______ employees are expert at reading others, and this shows them what they should and shouldn’t reveal about themselves at work.
Answer
  • (A) versatile
  • (B) remote
  • (C) eloquent
  • (D) intelligent

Question 49

Question
49. Teens are good at ______ they are fine, while inside their body and mind are at war with one another.
Answer
  • (A) resuming
  • (B) misunderstanding
  • (C) pretending
  • (D) modeling

Question 50

Question
50. Every parent of a soldier son fighting on the front line ______ the knock on the door to say their child was fatally wounded.
Answer
  • (A) dreaded
  • (B) intended
  • (C) suspected
  • (D) coated

Question 51

Question
文法 01. iPhone 6, ______ screen measures 4.7 inches, did the best across a variety of tests that measures how prone smartphones are to break due to every day accidents.
Answer
  • (A) what
  • (B) whose
  • (C) where
  • (D) which

Question 52

Question
文法 02. The doctor cured of Ebola plans to return to the same clinic ______ he contracted the deadly virus to resume working at a medical mission.
Answer
  • (A) when
  • (B) what
  • (C) that
  • (D) where

Question 53

Question
文法 03. Budget-conscious travelers will do ______ it takes to see the world for cheap.
Answer
  • (A) how
  • (B) whether
  • (C) whatever
  • (D) which

Question 54

Question
文法 04. His novel is gripping, very funny and thoroughly absorbing, so it’s a great choice for reading in an environment like a plane ______ distraction is desperately needed.
Answer
  • (A) when
  • (B) where
  • (C) that
  • (D) which

Question 55

Question
文法 05. It’s exactly in the conversations among those ______ we disagree that old ideas get made better and new ideas flourish.
Answer
  • (A) who
  • (B) on whose
  • (C) with whom
  • (D) what

Question 56

Question
文法 06. The major problems with the space trash are that it may hit working satellites and ______ pieces of junk may damage traveling spacecraft.
Answer
  • (A) how
  • (B) that
  • (C) which
  • (D) why

Question 57

Question
文法 07. There was once a time ______ all human beings were gods. However, they often took their divinity for granted and even abused it.
Answer
  • (A) what
  • (B) where
  • (C) which
  • (D) when

Question 58

Question
文法 08. Today the Doll Hospital has up to 12 staff, ______ works remotely, and handles up to 200 dolls and toys a month.
Answer
  • (A) most of them
  • (B) some of whom
  • (C) part of which
  • (D) one that

Question 59

Question
文法 09. Susan is a primordial dwarf, ______ means she is afflicted with a condition so rare that only two individuals in world history are estimated to have had this disorder.
Answer
  • (A) what
  • (B) that
  • (C) which
  • (D) whose

Question 60

Question
文法 10. In 1974, the space probe Mariner 10 discovered ______ Mercury's surface is cratered by meteorite impacts.
Answer
  • (A) that the planet
  • (B) of the planet
  • (C) the planet that
  • (D) which planet is

Question 61

Question
It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is. __01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.   It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.   01.
Answer
  • (A) To give
  • (B) Giving
  • (C) Given
  • (D) Give

Question 62

Question
It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is. __01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.   It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.   02.
Answer
  • (A) interact
  • (B) stick
  • (C) overcome
  • (D) associate

Question 63

Question
It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is. __01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.   It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.   03.
Answer
  • (A) In addition
  • (B) To begin with
  • (C) For instance
  • (D) As a result

Question 64

Question
It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is. __01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.   It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.   04.
Answer
  • (A) consequence
  • (B) situation
  • (C) demand
  • (D) process

Question 65

Question
It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is. __01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.   It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.   05.
Answer
  • (A) if
  • (B) unless
  • (C) what
  • (D) once

Question 66

Question
It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is. __01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.   It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.   06.
Answer
  • (A) it
  • (B) those
  • (C) one
  • (D) so

Question 67

Question
It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is. __01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.   It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.   07.
Answer
  • (A) apply
  • (B) extend
  • (C) restrict
  • (D) accustom

Question 68

Question
The Greek alphabet was developed in about 1000 BC. It was adapted from Northern Semitic, an alphabet from which Hebrew __01__ . The Semitic languages, including Hebrew and Arabic, have many consonantal sounds, while vowels are relatively unimportant. Their alphabet, __02__ , had no symbols for vowels. The Greeks changed the alphabet; consonantal signs which represented sounds not __03__ in Greek were re-used for vowel sounds. Greek thus became the first alphabet in the world with signs for both vowels and consonants.   At the start, the direction of writing was from right to left, but the early Greeks adopted an unusual practice of writing. This was called boustrophedon, meaning “as the ox ploughs.” In this writing system, all the even number rows were written in the same direction and all the odd number rows in the opposite direction. There is a very good example of this in the Greek city of Gortys in Crete, __04__ the laws of the city were carved on a wall in boustrophedon style and are still there for all to see. Around 500 BC, the practice changed to writing from left to right, and this continues to the present day.   The Roman alphabet used for Western European languages, the Cyrillic alphabet used for Eastern European languages, and even the Scandinavian Runic alphabet are all directly adapted from the Greek alphabet. Thus, it certainly was the parent of all modern European alphabets. __05__ , the word alphabet itself comes from the names of the first two Greek letters, Alpha and Beta.   01.
Answer
  • (A) has also derived
  • (B) also to derive
  • (C) is also derived
  • (D) also derived

Question 69

Question
The Greek alphabet was developed in about 1000 BC. It was adapted from Northern Semitic, an alphabet from which Hebrew __01__ . The Semitic languages, including Hebrew and Arabic, have many consonantal sounds, while vowels are relatively unimportant. Their alphabet, __02__ , had no symbols for vowels. The Greeks changed the alphabet; consonantal signs which represented sounds not __03__ in Greek were re-used for vowel sounds. Greek thus became the first alphabet in the world with signs for both vowels and consonants.   At the start, the direction of writing was from right to left, but the early Greeks adopted an unusual practice of writing. This was called boustrophedon, meaning “as the ox ploughs.” In this writing system, all the even number rows were written in the same direction and all the odd number rows in the opposite direction. There is a very good example of this in the Greek city of Gortys in Crete, __04__ the laws of the city were carved on a wall in boustrophedon style and are still there for all to see. Around 500 BC, the practice changed to writing from left to right, and this continues to the present day.   The Roman alphabet used for Western European languages, the Cyrillic alphabet used for Eastern European languages, and even the Scandinavian Runic alphabet are all directly adapted from the Greek alphabet. Thus, it certainly was the parent of all modern European alphabets. __05__ , the word alphabet itself comes from the names of the first two Greek letters, Alpha and Beta.   02.
Answer
  • (A) on the contrary
  • (B) as a consequence
  • (C) somehow or other
  • (D) for example

Question 70

Question
The Greek alphabet was developed in about 1000 BC. It was adapted from Northern Semitic, an alphabet from which Hebrew __01__ . The Semitic languages, including Hebrew and Arabic, have many consonantal sounds, while vowels are relatively unimportant. Their alphabet, __02__ , had no symbols for vowels. The Greeks changed the alphabet; consonantal signs which represented sounds not __03__ in Greek were re-used for vowel sounds. Greek thus became the first alphabet in the world with signs for both vowels and consonants.   At the start, the direction of writing was from right to left, but the early Greeks adopted an unusual practice of writing. This was called boustrophedon, meaning “as the ox ploughs.” In this writing system, all the even number rows were written in the same direction and all the odd number rows in the opposite direction. There is a very good example of this in the Greek city of Gortys in Crete, __04__ the laws of the city were carved on a wall in boustrophedon style and are still there for all to see. Around 500 BC, the practice changed to writing from left to right, and this continues to the present day.   The Roman alphabet used for Western European languages, the Cyrillic alphabet used for Eastern European languages, and even the Scandinavian Runic alphabet are all directly adapted from the Greek alphabet. Thus, it certainly was the parent of all modern European alphabets. __05__ , the word alphabet itself comes from the names of the first two Greek letters, Alpha and Beta.   03.
Answer
  • (A) yet presented
  • (B) to present
  • (C) present
  • (D) presenting

Question 71

Question
The Greek alphabet was developed in about 1000 BC. It was adapted from Northern Semitic, an alphabet from which Hebrew __01__ . The Semitic languages, including Hebrew and Arabic, have many consonantal sounds, while vowels are relatively unimportant. Their alphabet, __02__ , had no symbols for vowels. The Greeks changed the alphabet; consonantal signs which represented sounds not __03__ in Greek were re-used for vowel sounds. Greek thus became the first alphabet in the world with signs for both vowels and consonants.   At the start, the direction of writing was from right to left, but the early Greeks adopted an unusual practice of writing. This was called boustrophedon, meaning “as the ox ploughs.” In this writing system, all the even number rows were written in the same direction and all the odd number rows in the opposite direction. There is a very good example of this in the Greek city of Gortys in Crete, __04__ the laws of the city were carved on a wall in boustrophedon style and are still there for all to see. Around 500 BC, the practice changed to writing from left to right, and this continues to the present day.   The Roman alphabet used for Western European languages, the Cyrillic alphabet used for Eastern European languages, and even the Scandinavian Runic alphabet are all directly adapted from the Greek alphabet. Thus, it certainly was the parent of all modern European alphabets. __05__ , the word alphabet itself comes from the names of the first two Greek letters, Alpha and Beta.   04.
Answer
  • (A) which
  • (B) when
  • (C) whose
  • (D) where

Question 72

Question
The Greek alphabet was developed in about 1000 BC. It was adapted from Northern Semitic, an alphabet from which Hebrew __01__ . The Semitic languages, including Hebrew and Arabic, have many consonantal sounds, while vowels are relatively unimportant. Their alphabet, __02__ , had no symbols for vowels. The Greeks changed the alphabet; consonantal signs which represented sounds not __03__ in Greek were re-used for vowel sounds. Greek thus became the first alphabet in the world with signs for both vowels and consonants.   At the start, the direction of writing was from right to left, but the early Greeks adopted an unusual practice of writing. This was called boustrophedon, meaning “as the ox ploughs.” In this writing system, all the even number rows were written in the same direction and all the odd number rows in the opposite direction. There is a very good example of this in the Greek city of Gortys in Crete, __04__ the laws of the city were carved on a wall in boustrophedon style and are still there for all to see. Around 500 BC, the practice changed to writing from left to right, and this continues to the present day.   The Roman alphabet used for Western European languages, the Cyrillic alphabet used for Eastern European languages, and even the Scandinavian Runic alphabet are all directly adapted from the Greek alphabet. Thus, it certainly was the parent of all modern European alphabets. __05__ , the word alphabet itself comes from the names of the first two Greek letters, Alpha and Beta.   05.
Answer
  • (A) That is to say
  • (B) On the other hand
  • (C) As a matter of fact
  • (D) In short

Question 73

Question
What is known about the early Buddhism is that its teachings were memorized, and passed on orally for centuries by its followers. Recently, there was an important discovery of Buddhist __01__ that are believed to be the oldest ever found. They may be 2,100 years old. And there may be as many as 20 of them. It’s expected that we will be able to learn from them about the __02__ of Buddhism from present day India into China, and throughout Asia. But the scrolls themselves have presented challenge, too. They were very fragile, __03__ rolled-up in clay pots. __04__ they could even be looked at, they need to be dampened, overnight in fact, and then carefully flattened with tweezers. And it’s not that anybody could just sit down and read them. The scrolls were written in a language that is really __05__ today. Only a few people are proficient at it. __06__ these challenges, it’s easy to understand why it takes scholars so long to examine the scrolls.   01.
Answer
  • (A) remedies
  • (B) manuscripts
  • (C) ceremonies
  • (D) sites

Question 74

Question
What is known about the early Buddhism is that its teachings were memorized, and passed on orally for centuries by its followers. Recently, there was an important discovery of Buddhist __01__ that are believed to be the oldest ever found. They may be 2,100 years old. And there may be as many as 20 of them. It’s expected that we will be able to learn from them about the __02__ of Buddhism from present day India into China, and throughout Asia. But the scrolls themselves have presented challenge, too. They were very fragile, __03__ rolled-up in clay pots. __04__ they could even be looked at, they need to be dampened, overnight in fact, and then carefully flattened with tweezers. And it’s not that anybody could just sit down and read them. The scrolls were written in a language that is really __05__ today. Only a few people are proficient at it. __06__ these challenges, it’s easy to understand why it takes scholars so long to examine the scrolls.   02.
Answer
  • (A) spread
  • (B) translation
  • (C) exchange
  • (D) diversity

Question 75

Question
What is known about the early Buddhism is that its teachings were memorized, and passed on orally for centuries by its followers. Recently, there was an important discovery of Buddhist __01__ that are believed to be the oldest ever found. They may be 2,100 years old. And there may be as many as 20 of them. It’s expected that we will be able to learn from them about the __02__ of Buddhism from present day India into China, and throughout Asia. But the scrolls themselves have presented challenge, too. They were very fragile, __03__ rolled-up in clay pots. __04__ they could even be looked at, they need to be dampened, overnight in fact, and then carefully flattened with tweezers. And it’s not that anybody could just sit down and read them. The scrolls were written in a language that is really __05__ today. Only a few people are proficient at it. __06__ these challenges, it’s easy to understand why it takes scholars so long to examine the scrolls.   03.
Answer
  • (A) finding to be
  • (B) found
  • (C) founded being
  • (D) to find

Question 76

Question
What is known about the early Buddhism is that its teachings were memorized, and passed on orally for centuries by its followers. Recently, there was an important discovery of Buddhist __01__ that are believed to be the oldest ever found. They may be 2,100 years old. And there may be as many as 20 of them. It’s expected that we will be able to learn from them about the __02__ of Buddhism from present day India into China, and throughout Asia. But the scrolls themselves have presented challenge, too. They were very fragile, __03__ rolled-up in clay pots. __04__ they could even be looked at, they need to be dampened, overnight in fact, and then carefully flattened with tweezers. And it’s not that anybody could just sit down and read them. The scrolls were written in a language that is really __05__ today. Only a few people are proficient at it. __06__ these challenges, it’s easy to understand why it takes scholars so long to examine the scrolls.   04.
Answer
  • (A) Once
  • (B) As long as
  • (C) Now that
  • (D) Before

Question 77

Question
What is known about the early Buddhism is that its teachings were memorized, and passed on orally for centuries by its followers. Recently, there was an important discovery of Buddhist __01__ that are believed to be the oldest ever found. They may be 2,100 years old. And there may be as many as 20 of them. It’s expected that we will be able to learn from them about the __02__ of Buddhism from present day India into China, and throughout Asia. But the scrolls themselves have presented challenge, too. They were very fragile, __03__ rolled-up in clay pots. __04__ they could even be looked at, they need to be dampened, overnight in fact, and then carefully flattened with tweezers. And it’s not that anybody could just sit down and read them. The scrolls were written in a language that is really __05__ today. Only a few people are proficient at it. __06__ these challenges, it’s easy to understand why it takes scholars so long to examine the scrolls.   05.
Answer
  • (A) articulate
  • (B) savage
  • (C) profound
  • (D) rare

Question 78

Question
What is known about the early Buddhism is that its teachings were memorized, and passed on orally for centuries by its followers. Recently, there was an important discovery of Buddhist __01__ that are believed to be the oldest ever found. They may be 2,100 years old. And there may be as many as 20 of them. It’s expected that we will be able to learn from them about the __02__ of Buddhism from present day India into China, and throughout Asia. But the scrolls themselves have presented challenge, too. They were very fragile, __03__ rolled-up in clay pots. __04__ they could even be looked at, they need to be dampened, overnight in fact, and then carefully flattened with tweezers. And it’s not that anybody could just sit down and read them. The scrolls were written in a language that is really __05__ today. Only a few people are proficient at it. __06__ these challenges, it’s easy to understand why it takes scholars so long to examine the scrolls.   06.
Answer
  • (A) Thanks to
  • (B) Considering
  • (C) In case of
  • (D) Except for

Question 79

Question
When landslides occur in populated areas, what can humans do to avoid or minimize damage? Basically, there are three things that can be done. The first thing is to simply avoid construction in the areas where landslides are likely to happen. Typically, when a side on the slope is chosen for new construction, it is important that a geological survey of the area __01__ . The survey will reveal unsafe conditions such as too little vegetation or soil that would __02__ water too easily, conditions that might lead to a landslide during periods of heavy rains. The second thing is to build in a way that doesn't make stable slopes unstable. __03__ , natural vegetation, like grass, is needed to keep soil __04__ in place. This vegetation should not be entirely removed. __05__ the grass, the soil would loosen up and this could result in a landslide. The third thing is to design good water drainage to ensure that the water naturally runs down the slope and doesn't build up in the soil. This kind of water buildup on the slope is one of the most frequent causes of landslides.   01.
Answer
  • (A) be conducted
  • (B) has conducted
  • (C) is conducting
  • (D) conducted

Question 80

Question
When landslides occur in populated areas, what can humans do to avoid or minimize damage? Basically, there are three things that can be done. The first thing is to simply avoid construction in the areas where landslides are likely to happen. Typically, when a side on the slope is chosen for new construction, it is important that a geological survey of the area __01__ . The survey will reveal unsafe conditions such as too little vegetation or soil that would __02__ water too easily, conditions that might lead to a landslide during periods of heavy rains. The second thing is to build in a way that doesn't make stable slopes unstable. __03__ , natural vegetation, like grass, is needed to keep soil __04__ in place. This vegetation should not be entirely removed. __05__ the grass, the soil would loosen up and this could result in a landslide. The third thing is to design good water drainage to ensure that the water naturally runs down the slope and doesn't build up in the soil. This kind of water buildup on the slope is one of the most frequent causes of landslides.   02.
Answer
  • (A) transmit
  • (B) resist
  • (C) absorb
  • (D) engage

Question 81

Question
When landslides occur in populated areas, what can humans do to avoid or minimize damage? Basically, there are three things that can be done. The first thing is to simply avoid construction in the areas where landslides are likely to happen. Typically, when a side on the slope is chosen for new construction, it is important that a geological survey of the area __01__ . The survey will reveal unsafe conditions such as too little vegetation or soil that would __02__ water too easily, conditions that might lead to a landslide during periods of heavy rains. The second thing is to build in a way that doesn't make stable slopes unstable. __03__ , natural vegetation, like grass, is needed to keep soil __04__ in place. This vegetation should not be entirely removed. __05__ the grass, the soil would loosen up and this could result in a landslide. The third thing is to design good water drainage to ensure that the water naturally runs down the slope and doesn't build up in the soil. This kind of water buildup on the slope is one of the most frequent causes of landslides.   03.
Answer
  • (A) As a result
  • (B) For example
  • (C) On the contrary
  • (D) In fact

Question 82

Question
When landslides occur in populated areas, what can humans do to avoid or minimize damage? Basically, there are three things that can be done. The first thing is to simply avoid construction in the areas where landslides are likely to happen. Typically, when a side on the slope is chosen for new construction, it is important that a geological survey of the area __01__ . The survey will reveal unsafe conditions such as too little vegetation or soil that would __02__ water too easily, conditions that might lead to a landslide during periods of heavy rains. The second thing is to build in a way that doesn't make stable slopes unstable. __03__ , natural vegetation, like grass, is needed to keep soil __04__ in place. This vegetation should not be entirely removed. __05__ the grass, the soil would loosen up and this could result in a landslide. The third thing is to design good water drainage to ensure that the water naturally runs down the slope and doesn't build up in the soil. This kind of water buildup on the slope is one of the most frequent causes of landslides.     04.
Answer
  • (A) firmly
  • (B) accurately
  • (C) organically
  • (D) slightly

Question 83

Question
When landslides occur in populated areas, what can humans do to avoid or minimize damage? Basically, there are three things that can be done. The first thing is to simply avoid construction in the areas where landslides are likely to happen. Typically, when a side on the slope is chosen for new construction, it is important that a geological survey of the area __01__ . The survey will reveal unsafe conditions such as too little vegetation or soil that would __02__ water too easily, conditions that might lead to a landslide during periods of heavy rains. The second thing is to build in a way that doesn't make stable slopes unstable. __03__ , natural vegetation, like grass, is needed to keep soil __04__ in place. This vegetation should not be entirely removed. __05__ the grass, the soil would loosen up and this could result in a landslide. The third thing is to design good water drainage to ensure that the water naturally runs down the slope and doesn't build up in the soil. This kind of water buildup on the slope is one of the most frequent causes of landslides.   05.
Answer
  • (A) Despite
  • (B) WIthout
  • (C) Due to
  • (D) Instead of
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