MACRONUTRIENTS (TOPIC ONE)

hsincock14
Quiz by hsincock14, updated more than 1 year ago
hsincock14
Created by hsincock14 about 6 years ago
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Description

Macronutrients quiz, including protein, CHO and lipids

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Name the elements of CHO
Answer
  • Carbon, Hydrogen & Oxygen
  • Carbon, Helium, Oxygen

Question 2

Question
What are the three types of CHO?
Answer
  • Monosaccharides, diasaccharides and polysaccharides
  • mono, dia, poly

Question 3

Question
Types of monosaccharides
Answer
  • Glactose, lactose, fructose
  • Glycogen, glactose, carbon
  • Fructose, glucose & glactose

Question 4

Question
Name the diasaccharides
Answer
  • Cellulose
  • Glucose
  • Sucrose, lactose & maltose

Question 5

Question
Name the nine essential amino acids
Answer
  • Histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine
  • Histidine, dextrin, pectin, helium, starch, valine, methionine, glucose and oxygen

Question 6

Question
What is the difference between essential and non-essential amino acids?
Answer
  • Essential amino acids= must be included in the diet Non-essential amino acids= synthesised
  • Non-essential amino acids are synthesised by the body and do not need to be included in the diet, while essential amino acids are essential to be consumed as the body does not supply these.

Question 7

Question
Define insoluble fibre
Answer
  • Insoluble fibre absorbs the water and increases the bulk in the stool (soft bulky stools). Foods rich in insoluble fibre include; wholemeal bread and fibre, wholegrain cereals, pasta and brown rice.
  • Insoluble fibre slows down the digestion process and the absorption of CHO and so helps blood sugar levels. May reduce blood cholesterol levels and in turn reduces risk of heart disease. Foods rich in insoluble fibre include; oats, peas, beans, lentils and most types of fruits and vegetables.
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