Chapter 2: Living Things

Lisa Polillo
Quiz by Lisa Polillo, updated more than 1 year ago
Lisa Polillo
Created by Lisa Polillo about 6 years ago
131
2

Description

cells, microscopes, characteristics of living cells, classifying organisms

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
How many characteristics of living things are there?
Answer
  • 6
  • 5
  • 4
  • 3

Question 2

Question
Which of the following are characteristics of living things?
Answer
  • Made of cells and composed of chemicals
  • Have hair, move and sleep
  • Use energy and respond to stimuli
  • Grow, develop and reproduce

Question 3

Question
The idea that living things can arise from nonliving things is called [blank_start]spontaneous generation[blank_end].
Answer
  • spontaneous generation
  • instant generation
  • spontaneous reproduction
  • instant reproduction

Question 4

Question
[blank_start]Biogenesis[blank_end] is the observation that living things come only from other living things through reproduction.
Answer
  • Biogenesis
  • Abiogenesis
  • Spontaneous generation
  • Biology

Question 5

Question
Name four scientists that participated in the debate over spontaneous generation.
Answer
  • Leuuwenhoek, Hooke, Janssen, and Zeiss
  • Redi, Needham, Leeuwenhoek, and Pasteur
  • Redi, Hooke, Leeuwenhoek and Spallanzani
  • Redi, Needham, Spallanzani, and Pasteur

Question 6

Question
Redi's experiment was designed to prove that flies do not arise from decaying meat.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
What ingredient did Needham, Spallanzani and Pasteur all use in their experiments to prove or disprove abiogenesis?
Answer
  • broth
  • chicken legs
  • human hair
  • unicorns

Question 8

Question
What basic needs do all living things have?
Answer
  • water
  • food
  • living space
  • love
  • stable internal conditions

Question 9

Question
Organisms that make their own food are called [blank_start]autotrophs[blank_end].
Answer
  • autotrophs
  • trophies
  • automobiles
  • heterotrophs

Question 10

Question
[blank_start]Heterotrophs[blank_end] are organisms that cannot make their own food.
Answer
  • Heterotrophs
  • Autotrophs
  • Trophies
  • Automobiles

Question 11

Question
Which of the following is an example of an autotroph?
Answer
  • bears
  • people
  • trees
  • bees

Question 12

Question
Which of the following is an example of a heterotroph?

Question 13

Question
[blank_start]Homeostasis[blank_end] is the maintenance of stable internal conditions.
Answer
  • Homeostasis
  • Homogenous
  • Monostasis
  • Homeochrome

Question 14

Question
The temperature that humans need to maintain homeostasis is 98.6 degrees F (37 degrees C).
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
How many kinds of organisms have scientists identified on Earth?
Answer
  • more than one thousand
  • more than one hundred thousand
  • more than one million
  • more than one billion

Question 16

Question
[blank_start]Classification[blank_end] is the process scientists use to organize living things into groups based on similarities.
Answer
  • Classification
  • Kingdom Order
  • Specification
  • Gentrification

Question 17

Question
Why do scientists classify living things?
Answer
  • To make them easier to study
  • Because everything deserves to belong to a group
  • To make them smell better
  • So they don't accidentally lose them

Question 18

Question
The scientific study of how living things are classified is called [blank_start]taxonomy[blank_end].
Answer
  • taxonomy
  • taxidermy
  • tax collector
  • taxi driver

Question 19

Question
Binomial nomenclature...
Answer
  • was created by Carolus Linnaeus.
  • is a two-part scientific name.
  • uses both genus and species to name organisms.
  • uses Latin.

Question 20

Question
There are 9 levels of organism classification.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
Choose the answer that lists the levels of classification from greatest to most specific.
Answer
  • domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
  • species, genus, family, order, class, phylum, kingdom, domain
  • domain, phylum, kingdom, class, family, order, species, genus

Question 22

Question
How many domains are used to classify living things?
Answer
  • 5
  • 4
  • 3
  • 2

Question 23

Question
What are the names of the three domains of living things?
Answer
  • Animals, Insects, and Plants
  • Larry, Curly, and Moe
  • Antibacteria, Archaic, and Eugene
  • Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya

Question 24

Question
Where can you find bacteria?

Question 25

Question
What do you call cells that don't have a nucleus?
Answer
  • Brainless
  • Prokaryotes
  • Protagonist

Question 26

Question
Where can you find organisms that belong to the domain Archaea, which like to live in the most extreme environments on Earth?
Answer
  • cow intestines
  • hot springs
  • salty water
  • your sister's hair

Question 27

Question
There are four kingdoms within the domain Eukarya. What are they?
Answer
  • Protists, Fungi, Plants, and Animals
  • Cats, dogs, hamsters, and guinea pigs
  • Albatross, Chickadee, Egret, and Gull
  • Mushroom, Conifer, Human, and Duck

Question 28

Question
Cells...
Answer
  • are named for "small rooms."
  • were discovered by Robert Hooke.
  • are the basic units of structure and function in living things.
  • were discovered in a thin slice of cork.

Question 29

Question
One square centimeter of your skin's surface contains more than [blank_start]100,000[blank_end] cells.
Answer
  • 100,000
  • 1,000
  • 10,000
  • 1,000,000

Question 30

Question
Name this object.
Answer
  • First compound microscope
  • Simple microscope
  • First telescope
  • Transmission Electron Microscope

Question 31

Question
Who invented this compound microscope, which used three lenses and an oil lamp for lighting, in 1660?
Answer
  • Zaccharias and Hans Janssen
  • Robert Hooke
  • Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
  • Ernst Abbe and Carl Zeiss

Question 32

Question
In 1674, Anton Von Leeuwenhoek created a simple microscope. What made it special?
Answer
  • It used one tiny lens crafted by his own hand.
  • He developed more than 500 lenses for it.
  • It magnified things 266x.
  • It showed objects in 4D.

Question 33

Question
Who were the first scientists to use the laws of physics and optical theory to build a compound microscope?
Answer
  • Ernst Abbe and Carl Zeiss
  • Zaccharias and Hans Janssen
  • Robert Hooke and Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
  • Ernst Ruska and Carl Inventor

Question 34

Question
What did Anton Von Leeuwenhoek call the moving organisms he saw through his microscope?
Answer
  • little swimmers
  • fishies
  • animalcules
  • organimals

Question 35

Question
What three scientists are best known for developing the cell theory?
Answer
  • Mickey, Minnie, and Pluto
  • Schleiden, Schwann, and Virchow
  • Rodriguez, Falcao, and Valderrama
  • Moyer, Salazar, and Afanador

Question 36

Question
The cell theory states...
Answer
  • All living things are composed of cells.
  • Cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things.
  • Cells like to party like it's 1999.
  • All cells arise from pre-existing, living cells, through biogenesis.

Question 37

Question
Identify the animal cell.

Question 38

Question
Identify the plant cell.

Question 39

Question
[blank_start]Organelles[blank_end] are the tiny structures inside a cell.
Answer
  • Organelles
  • Cellulites
  • Cellulitos
  • Organitos

Question 40

Question
This provides support and protection in plant cells.
Answer
  • cell wall
  • cell membrane
  • cytoplasm
  • chloroplasts

Question 41

Question
This controls what substances come into and go out of a cell. It is called the "gatekeeper."
Answer
  • cell wall
  • cell membrane
  • cystoplasm
  • chloroplasts

Question 42

Question
This is the clear, gel-like fluid that keeps the organelles within a cell in place.
Answer
  • Cytoplasm
  • chloroplasts
  • golgi bodies
  • vacuoles

Question 43

Question
This controls all the activities of the cell. It is nicknamed the "control center."
Answer
  • nucleus
  • mitochondria
  • endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
  • ribosomes

Question 44

Question
These are known as the "powerhouses" of the cell because they convert energy in food molecules to energy the cell can use to carry out its functions.
Answer
  • ribosomes
  • vacuoles
  • mitochondria
  • golgi bodies

Question 45

Question
These passageways carry proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to another. Nicknamed the "transportation system."
Answer
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • mitochondria
  • ribosomes
  • golgi bodies

Question 46

Question
[blank_start]Ribosomes[blank_end] are the "factories" that produce protein within a cell.
Answer
  • Ribosomes
  • Mitochondria
  • Cytoplasm
  • Lysosomes

Question 47

Question
This organelle receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell. Nicknamed the "packaging room."
Answer
  • nucleus
  • cell wall
  • ribosomes
  • golgi bodies

Question 48

Question
[blank_start]Chloroplasts[blank_end] are only found in plants. They capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for the cell.
Answer
  • Chloroplasts
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
  • Vacuoles

Question 49

Question
These are the storage areas of the cell. Nicknamed the "warehouse."
Answer
  • vacuoles
  • lysosomes
  • golgi bodies
  • endoplasmic reticulum

Question 50

Question
These are small, round structures containing chemicals that break down certain material in the cell. Nicknamed the "clean up crew" or the "garbage disposal."
Answer
  • lysosomes
  • vacuoles
  • chloroplasts
  • ribosomes
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Food Chains and Food Webs Quiz
Selam H
Ecology Vocabulary
Selam H
Ecology Notes
Selam H
Life Science Unit Vocabulary
Niat Habtemariam
Life Processes
bastiphillips
Grade 10 Biology
A P
Cells And Cell Techniques - Flashcards (AQA AS-Level Biology)
Henry Kitchen
Unit 1 flashcards
C R
Photosynthesis and Respiration Quiz
Selam H
Biology B2.1
Jade Allatt
AQA Biology 12.1 cellular organisation
Charlotte Hewson