US History A Practice Test 1

chapmaj
Quiz by chapmaj, updated more than 1 year ago
chapmaj
Created by chapmaj about 6 years ago
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Description

Stuff from Unit 1 handouts, homework, and in-class activities.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The 4 major factors contributing to American Industrialization were [blank_start]geography[blank_end] and natural [blank_start]resources[blank_end], [blank_start]inventions[blank_end], [blank_start]transportation[blank_end], and [blank_start]population[blank_end].
Answer
  • geography
  • resources
  • inventions
  • transportation
  • population

Question 2

Question
From what we looked at in class, select from the list 6 INVENTIONS and how they contributed to industrialization.
Answer
  • Chainsaw helped lumberjacks harvest trees faster.
  • Telegraph increased the speed of communication.
  • Light bulb made it so workers could work around the clock.
  • Cement Mixer allowed bigger factories to be built.
  • Typewriter gave offices greater ability to keep accurate records.
  • Electric power distribution allowed factories to use electric powered machines in the production of goods.
  • Refrigerator increased the shelf life of food.
  • Telephone further increased the speed and accuracy of communication
  • Assembly Line made possible the mass production of goods by unskilled labor.
  • Steam Engine reduced the use of animal power and replaced it with machine power.

Question 3

Question
Select the group of words that best describe the following person: JANE ADAMS
Answer
  • Chicago, Money, Immigrants, Settlement House, Full House, English Classes. Medical Care
  • New York, English Classes, Hull House, Factory Workers, English Classes, Medical Care
  • Chicago, Education, Immigrants, Settlement House, English Classes, Medical Care
  • Chicago, Immigrants, Hull House, Settlement House, English Classes, Medical Care

Question 4

Question
The work on an ASSEMBLY LINE required
Answer
  • Highly skilled labor that was easily replaced
  • Unskilled labor that was easily replaced
  • Highly skilled labor that was hard to replace
  • Unskilled labor that was hard to replace.

Question 5

Question
ANDREW CARNEGIE was a Scottish Immigrant who went from being poor to one of the wealthiest men in America by dominating the steel industry.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
The term LAISSEZ-FAIRE means
Answer
  • French for "let people do as they choose" .
  • The limited involvement of government in business.
  • Both French for "let people do as they choose" and the limited involvement of government in business.
  • None of these are correct.

Question 7

Question
[blank_start]Political machines[blank_end] such as William [blank_start]Tweeds[blank_end] Tammany Hall were political groups designed to gain and keep power by exchanging [blank_start]food, protection, or jobs[blank_end] for [blank_start]votes[blank_end].
Answer
  • Political parties
  • Political unions
  • Political machines
  • Twill's
  • Tweed's
  • Thwart's
  • education, tools, or fishing nets
  • food, protection, or jobs
  • bricks, lumber, or tools
  • votes
  • loyalty
  • money

Question 8

Question
A crowded multi-family apartment was known as a [blank_start]tenement[blank_end].
Answer
  • tenement

Question 9

Question
The term ENTREPRENEUR is best defined as
Answer
  • a person who uses others money to start as business with opportunity to make a profit.
  • a person who uses some their own money to invest in other people's businesses with opportunity to make a profit.
  • a person who risks their own capital (money, land, labor) to create their own business with opportunity to make a profit
  • None of these choices are correct.

Question 10

Question
Select ALL of the statements that apply to MUCKRAKERS.
Answer
  • Pro-business American journalists who wrote articles on the positive effects of business.
  • Reform-minded American journalists who investigated corporate and political corruption.
  • Muckraker articles were published by popular magazines such as McClure’s.
  • Muckrakers also tried to raise public awareness about the success of sports athletes.
  • Muckraker articles tried to raise public awareness of chronic urban poverty, unsafe working conditions, and social issues like child labor.
  • Muckraker authors included Linda Pierce, Greg Lattig, and Jeremy Cunningham.
  • Muckrakers authors included Upton Sinclair, Ida Tarbell, and Jacob Riis.

Question 11

Question
Select all of the phrases that correctly describe the term BLACKLISTING
Answer
  • A technique used by factory worker to discourage the owners from joining a monopoly.
  • Being blacklisted helped a worker to find work within a certain profession.
  • A technique used by unions to discourage their workers from joining a different union.
  • Being blacklisted prevented a worker from finding work within a certain profession.
  • A blacklisted factory discouraged workers from working at a particular factory.
  • A technique used by the owners of a factory to discourage them from joining a union
  • If a worker was blacklisted they would have to change their name, change their profession, or move to another city to find work.
  • Being blacklisted helped workers move from city to city and find jobs as they moved.

Question 12

Question
Select the best definition for NATIVISTS/ NATIVISM.
Answer
  • People who had a preference for bringing more immigrants to America people to help fill factory jobs.
  • People who had a preference for immigrants and a desire to increase immigration.
  • Government officials who had a preference for foreign born people and a desire to increase immigration.
  • People who had a preference for native born people and a desire to limit immigration.

Question 13

Question
Select ALL of the phrases that correctly describe the ADVANTAGES and PROBLEMS with factories using ASSEMBLY LINES.
Answer
  • Workers did the same jobs over and over, which led to accidents.
  • Factories were able to increase their productivity.
  • Workers were paid higher wages and access to health care insurance.
  • Workers were able to socialize everyday with their coworkers.
  • Factory managers watched out for their workers and kept them safe.
  • Factories were made safer leading to less worker deaths and injuries.
  • Factories were able to use unskilled labor that was easily replaced.

Question 14

Question
Select the phrases that describe the effects of INDUSTRIALIZATION in the United States.
Answer
  • People moved from rural areas to cities to work factory jobs.
  • Immigrants came to America to fill the need for farmers.
  • Immigrants stopped coming to America because they heard the jobs in factories were dangerous.
  • Labor unions formed to improve working conditions in factories.
  • Immigration increased because there were more jobs available.
  • The price for goods decreased as factories increased their productivity.

Question 15

Question
Select the phrase that best describes what IMMIGRANTS experienced when they arrived in America.
Answer
  • Went though inspection and processing at Ellis Island. If healthy and given permission to enter the country, many settled in areas with people from their former homeland.
  • Had to pay an admission fee at Beaver Island. After Beaver island they usually found work in a factory.
  • Upon arrival most called up relatives on the telephone so they could come pick them up.
  • They were inspected on Alcatraz Island. When brought to the mainland they were given food and shelter until they found a job.

Question 16

Question
Select all of the phrases that describe the reasons for UNIONS forming and the goals they had.
Answer
  • To increase the power of the owners to make profits.
  • To make working conditions in factories better.
  • To blacklist monopolies and trusts.
  • To increase the number of hours workers worked per week.
  • To gain the ability to use collective bargaining and negotiate with factory owners.
  • To gain fair wages for workers.
  • To limit work days to 8 hours.
  • To make factories closed shops.

Question 17

Question
Chose the best definition for the term TRUST.
Answer
  • A business that owns the entire market and is able to control prices.
  • A method of breaking up big businesses and increasing competition.
  • A method of building political dominance by exchanging votes for food, clothing, shelter, or protection.
  • A method of combing businesses by allowing one person to control others property, known as a trustee.

Question 18

Question
______________________ was created to break up monopolies and trusts in order to increase competition.
Answer
  • Laissez-Faire Act
  • Bull-Moose Act
  • Right to Work Act
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

Question 19

Question
Choose the phrase that best describes the cartoon.
Answer
  • Immigrants were fleeing Asian countries filled with violence, coming to America because they offered free food.
  • Immigrants were fleeing European countries filled with political problems, forced military service, famine, and poverty. They were welcomed into America a land of freedom and opportunity.
  • Immigrants were fleeing Central American countries filled with political problems, famine, and poverty. They were not welcome into America because they took to many jobs.
  • Immigrants were going to European countries filled with freedom and opportunity. While America was filled with political corruption and poor working conditions.

Question 20

Question
Choose the primary reasons for the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
Answer
  • to work for political rights of workers
  • to work for political rights of immigrants
  • to expanding the political rights of African Americans
  • to end racial discrimination of Immigrants
  • to make Congress establish African American Universities
  • to end the lynching of African Americans
  • to give African Americans more farm land
  • to supply African Americans with guns for a revolution
  • to end racial discrimination of African Americans

Question 21

Question
Which of the following did immigrants contribute to the culture of the United States?
Answer
  • conservation
  • food and drink
  • capitalism
  • holidays
  • music
  • religion

Question 22

Question
Choose the sentence that best describes the cartoon.
Answer
  • Wealthy Americans welcomed at the docks, giving them food and clothing because they were once immigrants.
  • Wealthy Americans always wanted to restrict immigration because they did want to share their money with immigrants.
  • Wealthy Americans wanted to restrict immigration because they believed immigrants were lazy and a drain on the economy.
  • Wealthy Americans began to not welcome immigrants even though they were once poor immigrants.

Question 23

Question
In the late 1800s, where did most immigrants come from?
Answer
  • Asia (China, Japan)
  • Western Europe (Great Britain, France)
  • Southern Europe (Italy, Greece)
  • Central America (Mexico, Panama)
  • South America (Brazil, Argentina)
  • Northern Europe (Sweden, Norway)
  • Eastern Europe (Russia, Hungary)
  • Australia
  • Africa (Egypt, Nigeria)

Question 24

Question
Choose the phrase that best describes the approach of WEB DuBois.
Answer
  • African Americans would submit to white political rule, while Southern whites guaranteed that blacks would receive basic educational and economic opportunities.
  • African Americans would work and submit to white political rule, while gaining full civil rights through violent revolution.
  • African Americans should gain full civil rights and increased political representation, which he believed would be brought about by basic educational and economic opportunities.
  • African Americans should gain full civil rights and increased political representation, which he believed would be brought about by the African-American intellectual elite.

Question 25

Question
Choose the phrase that best describes the approach of Booker T Washington.
Answer
  • African Americans would submit to white political rule, while Southern whites guaranteed that blacks would receive basic educational and economic opportunities.
  • African Americans would submit to white political rule, while African Americans built an educational elite.
  • African Americans should have full civil rights and increased political representation, which he believed would be brought about by the African-American intellectual elite.
  • African Americans should gain full civil rights and increased political representation though violent revolution.
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