Quiz on SCSM CM ALL OF THEM, created by Alexandru Dănilă on 12/16/2023.
Alexandru Dănilă
Quiz by Alexandru Dănilă, updated 5 months ago
Alexandru Dănilă
Created by Alexandru Dănilă 5 months ago

Resource summary

Question 1

1. What is the contribution of behavioral sciences to medicine?
  • A. Systemic investigation of risk factors for human health.
  • B. Modification of behavioral factors involved in health and the occurrence of diseases.
  • C. Understanding and using behavioral and social processes to predict or influence health and disease risk factors.
  • D. To substantiate empirical knowledge in medicine.
  • E. Professional satisfaction

Question 2

2. What is the object of study of the discipline Communication and Behavior in medicine?
  • A. Elucidation of the behavioral and communication phenomenon in complexity
  • B. Integration of medical knowledge for the purpose of treatment and prevention of diseases.
  • C. Identifying the factors that contribute to shaping human behavior.
  • D. Explaining the variety of behavior and defining it within the limits of the normal-abnormality dichotomy.
  • normal-abnormality dichotomy. E. The study of the lifestyle and of the ecological, political, geographical, administrative factors, etc.

Question 3

3. Behaviorism is:
  • A. Study on human behavior in medical terms.
  • B. A scientific view that considers external behavior as its exclusive object,without resorting to the cerebral mechanisms of consciousness or to internal mental processes.
  • C. Psychological current that changed the object of knowledge, replacing consciousness with the only one that can be perceived and measured - behavior.
  • D. Field that studies human behavior in the cultural context.
  • E. Theory that investigates complex normal or pathological behaviors and the mental processes involved in their generation or support.

Question 4

4. From what perspective do behavioral sciences contribute to physician training:
  • A. Perceptions of the patient as a subject of suffering investigation
  • B. Forming an alliance with the sick person in the fight against pain, illness and death.
  • C. Examination of the patient only as an object of diagnosis and treatment.
  • D. Of the criminal responsibility of the doctor.
  • E. Have empathy with patients.

Question 5

5. The concept of behavior of J.B. Watson represents:
  • A. Total noticeable reactions of the body as a result of its exposure toenvironmental stimulants
  • B. External, environmental influences (sets of stimuli) determine the content of the childrens behavior and the nature of his development.
  • C. The psychological content of the behavior.
  • D. Dependence of behavior on the influence of external and social factors-stimuli: the basic scheme ;stimulus – reaction.
  • E. The focus of the analysis was shifted from hypothetical internal causes to the influence of the external environment.

Question 6

6. Clinical research in Behavioral Sciences refers to:
  • A. Identifying and understanding the risk and protective factors involved in the onset and evolution of the disease.
  • B. The study of the effects of poor physical condition or disease on behavior.
  • C. Evaluation of behavioral and social interventions aimed at treating diseases orimproving the patient condition
  • D. Behavioral and social interventions to promote health.
  • E. The study of economic influence on health institutions and organizations

Question 7

7. B.F. Skinner presents the behavior as:
  • A. Internal action of the body: way of thinking, emotions, representations, etc
  • B. As a whole of the body actions as a result of its exposure to environmental factors.
  • C. Observable reactions of the body to the action of stimuli.
  • D. A phenomenon that can be cultivated-controlledor learned.
  • E. Operant conditioning, shaped by its consequences.

Question 8

8. K. Lewin explains human behavior:
  • A. As a result of the appearance of reflexes conditioned by previous experiences (stimuli).
  • B. As a function of the person in his environment.
  • C. The result of the forces acting on the body depending on the situation or social environment, as a result of the action of the psychological factor.
  • D. As being influenced by values, motives, goals, moods, fears, etc. of the person
  • E. A phenomenon that can be cultivated-controlled or learned.

Question 9

9. Human behavior is the result of the body's interaction with:
  • A. Social and cultural environment.
  • B. The natural environment
  • C. Psychic processes
  • D. Individual peculiarities.
  • E. The action of the defensive instinct.

Question 10

10. Existing models for understanding disease and health are:
  • A. The model that applies the analytical method of the human sciences.
  • B. Biomedical.
  • C. Psychological.
  • D. Biopsychosocial.
  • E. The model that applies the analytical method of classical human sciences

Question 11

11. What kind of method is applied in the biomedical model:
  • A. Synergetic method.
  • B. The analytical method of the exact sciences
  • C. The analytical method of the classical sciences of nature
  • D. The dialectical method.
  • E. The hermeneutic method.

Question 12

12. The biomedical model focuses on:
  • A. Treatment of the disease
  • B. Non-acceptance of the patient and his attributes as a person
  • C. Psychosocial factors
  • D. Reduction of the human body to an object or aggregate of organs and functions
  • E. The social dimension.

Question 13

13. Biological factors that contribute to behavior modeling:
  • A. Hereditary (genetic) factor.
  • B. The immune system.
  • C. Neurological factors.
  • D. The endocrine system (hormones).
  • E. The humoral system.

Question 14

14. The psychological model has the following important objectives:
  • A. Treatment of the morbid organism.
  • B. Promoting healthy behaviors and lifestyles.
  • C. Diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
  • D. Disease prevention and treatment.
  • E. Psychological assistance.

Question 15

15. The psycho-individual factors that influence human behavior are:
  • A. Neurotransmitters.
  • B. Motivational-volitional processes
  • C. The nervous system.
  • D. Affective processes.
  • E. Cognitive processes.

Question 16

16. The factors that have contributed to the development of health psychology are:
  • A. The cause of mortality.
  • B. Some economic factors
  • C. Development of psychology.
  • D. World Health Organization
  • E. The American Congress.

Question 17

17. The biopsychosocial model integrates the aspects:
  • A. The biological aspect.
  • B. Aesthetic aspect.
  • C. The psychological aspect
  • D. The religious aspect.
  • E. The social aspect.

Question 18

18. The most important socio-cultural factors in shaping human behavior are:
  • A. Nature or community, society.
  • B. Religion.
  • C. Culturology
  • D. Family members.
  • E. Lookalikes.

Question 19

19. Types of behaviors can be classified into:
  • A. Sanogenic or health risk behavior.
  • B. Genetics.
  • C. Adaptive or deviant
  • D. Subjective manifestations of people without externalizing their psychic life.
  • E. The set of manifestations that do not correspond to reality.

Question 20

20. The medical norm is:
  • A. Complex and dynamic balance of the body as a whole of active interference with the environment
  • B. The harmonious collaboration of different systems in the body and theirrealization based on adaptive resources and compensatory mechanisms in the body.
  • C. Criterion of appreciation
  • D. Minimum conditions for obtaining a degree.
  • E. Minimum conditions for obtaining an assessment.

Question 21

21. The latin “Societas” means:
  • A. Fellowship.
  • B. Union.
  • C. Society.
  • D. Socialization.
  • E. Systemic.

Question 22

22. What is the object of sociology?
  • A. Relationship models.
  • B. The meanings and ways of cognitive organization of the world
  • C. Meaningful social action.
  • D. Health and disease as human experiences.
  • E. Illness as a social problem.

Question 23

23. The first researchers in medical sociology were:
  • A. Talcott Parsons
  • B. Maria Bulgaru
  • C. Robert K. Merton
  • D. Diana Kendall
  • E. Immanuel Kant

Question 24

24. What are the social causes of the development of medical sociology as a science:
  • A. The emergence of the modern hospital
  • B. The medicalization of society
  • C. Changing the way of financing in medicine.
  • D. The emergence of problems with legal and ethical connotations.
  • E. Statistical analysis of morbidity.

Question 25

25. The types of statuses are:
  • A. Private.
  • B. Acquired.
  • C. Attributed
  • D. Social
  • E. Medical.

Question 26

26. Acquired statuses are:
  • A. Shoemaker.
  • B. Medic.
  • C. Princess.
  • D. Nationality
  • E. Chef.

Question 27

27. Prescribed statuses are:
  • A. Nationality.
  • B. Married.
  • C. Religion.
  • D. Genus.
  • E. The role.

Question 28

28. The forms of role conflict are manifested:
  • A. Between two or more roles played by a person.
  • B. Between requirements that configure the same role.
  • C. Between the number of statuses and the number of roles.
  • D. In a social group.
  • E. In the medical team.

Question 29

29. The ways to overcome the role conflict at individual level are:
  • A. Communication.
  • B. Rationalization.
  • C. Compartmentation.
  • D. Adjudication.
  • E. Capitalization.

Question 30

30. The physician-patient relationship models described by T. Szasz and M. N. Hollender are:
  • A. Obedience.
  • B. Activity-passivity
  • C. Leadership-cooperation.
  • D. Mutual participation.
  • E. Antipaternalistic.

Question 31

31. The interpretive aspects of bioethics are:
  • A. Complex meanings.
  • B. Wide sense.
  • C. Narrow sense.
  • D. Wide appearance and narrow appearance.
  • E. Multiple aspect.

Question 32

32. The broad principles of bioethics are:
  • A. The biosphere-centric and coevolutionist principle.
  • B. The principles of morality and integrity.
  • C. The principle of freedom and responsibility.
  • D. The principle of vulnerability.
  • E. The principle of development.

Question 33

33. Two senses of vulnerability are:
  • A. Exceeding the anthropocentric postulate.
  • B. The harmonious existence between man and nature.
  • C. Characteristic of any living being
  • D. Vulnerability of separate groups of people.
  • E. Responsibility for animals and plants.

Question 34

34. The documents that regulate the activity of the medical worker are:
  • A. The law on patient rights and responsibilities.
  • B. The Deontological Code of the Association of Physicians of the Republic of Moldova
  • C. The code of ethics of the average nurse.
  • D. Framework Code of Ethics for Medical and Pharmaceutical Workers.
  • E. Constitution of the Republic of Moldova

Question 35

35. Non-compliance compromises the therapeutic outcome and leads to:
  • A. Aggravation of the disease.
  • B. Unnecessary suffering.
  • C. Decreased quality of life.
  • D. High economic costs.
  • E. Development.

Question 36

36. Types of medical practices known in the Republic of Moldova:
  • A. Clinical medical practices, common to public hospitals and licensed private clinics.
  • B. Traditional medicine practices, permitted by law and implemented in both special and private medical centers.
  • C. Healing practices.
  • D. Shamanic practices.
  • E. Practices of folk medicine

Question 37

37. What are the most important groups of medical systems?
  • A. Exclusive.
  • B. Inclusive.
  • C. Integrative
  • D. Tolerant.
  • E. Interactionists.

Question 38

38. What factors contribute to the approach of medical-anthropological problems in the Republic of Moldova?
  • A. The traditional attention of local ethnologists of folk medicine.
  • B. Musical cultural practices of ethnic minorities.
  • C. Rehabilitation practices of folk medicine.
  • D. The health of social groups in the local urban environment
  • E. The interest of local bioethics in addressing such issues as disease, death, and the cultural implications of new medical technologies.

Question 39

39. Classification of systems according to anthropologist Allan Young:
  • A. Internalist.
  • B. Externalist.
  • C. Opened.
  • D. Closed.
  • E. Linear

Question 40

40. Internalist medical systems address:
  • A. A physiological entity, located at the biological level.
  • B. An individual problem, and health is outside of social problems
  • C. Process, determined by internal forces: vital fluids, organ pathologies, cellular and genetic structures.
  • D. Analyze the disease in a social context.
  • E. Characteristic of ancient and traditional societies.

Question 41

41. External medical systems address the disease:
  • A. Holistically.
  • B. In the social context
  • C. Being determined by supernatural forces, and the sphere of health is related to other cultural fields, namely, religion.
  • D. As a physiological entity, located at the biological level
  • E. Being determined by internal forces: vital fluids, pathologies of organs, cellular and genetic structures.

Question 42

42. Naturalistic medical systems (according to George M. Foster's classification) represent the disease:
  • A. As a result of the influence of the forces of nature: cold, heat.
  • B. As a result of an imbalance in the lumen(human) body.
  • C. As a phenomenon caused by supernatural beings (deities)
  • D. Being caused by non-human beings (ghosts, ancestors, evil spirits).
  • E. Being caused by humans (wizards).

Question 43

43. Paternalistic models (according to George M. Foster's classification) represent:
  • A. Explain the cause of disease the forces of nature: cold, heat.
  • B. The disease is the result of an imbalance in the human body
  • C. Consider the disease a right phenomenon caused by supernatural beings (deities).
  • D. Disease is caused by non-human beings (ghosts, ancestors, evil spirits)
  • E. The disease is caused by humans (wizards).

Question 44

44. The components of an ecosystem are:
  • A. Biotic.
  • B. Bioethics.
  • C. Abiotic.
  • D. Ecological.
  • E. Cultural

Question 45

45. The field of issues studied by Critical Medical Anthropology includes:
  • A. Alcoholism and drug abuse among children and adolescents.
  • B. Medicinal treatment of pregnant women.
  • C. Health problems caused by environmental pollution.
  • D. Occupational / occupational diseases and social diseases.
  • E. Promoting the biomechanical medical system.

Question 46

46. Identify the related meanings of the term "biomedicine":
  • A. Homeopathic medicine.
  • B. Allopathic medicine.
  • C. Scientific medicine
  • D. Modern medicine.
  • E. Cosmopolitan medicine

Question 47

47. The characteristic features of biomedical thinking are:
  • A. Individualism.
  • B. Holism
  • C. Pragmatism
  • D. Empiricism and mechanical perception of the body
  • E. Emotional minimalism.

Question 48

48. Medical hegemony can be characterized by:
  • A. Leading (managing, manipulating) individuals by imposing certain norms, values, concepts and beliefs about health and disease.
  • B. Field of research in biomedical sciences.
  • C. The tendency of medicine to place itself as a leader among the exact sciences.
  • D. Establishing concrete ideas about bodily and mental normality and pathology.
  • E. Deprivation of patients' right to autonomy in the context of treatment decisions.

Question 49

49. Medicalization refers to:
  • A. Supply of medical institutions with medicines.
  • B. The process of spreading medical control over the life of the individual and society
  • C. Assimilation by individuals of the medical style of thinking to explain most existing problems.
  • D. Strict control of the production, distribution and use of medicines in society.
  • E. Concomitant use in the treatment of diseases of two or more pharmaceutical preparations with the same therapeutic effect.

Question 50

50. Ethnomedicine is the field that studies:
  • A. The meanings (meanings) that people have put into ideas and stories about disease.
  • B. The body of knowledge about health beliefs and practices in traditional societies.
  • C. Mental illnesses in relation to social facts, typical of primitive cultures and industrial societies
  • D. The types of traditional healers (chiropractors, shamans, clairvoyants, etc.) and the methods used by them
  • E. Health of the rural population and isolated communities.

Question 51

51. Ethnopsychiatry is a field of anthropology that studies:
  • A. How different cultures perceive and treat mental illness or abnormal behaviors.
  • B. The human mind and behavior.
  • C. Mental illnesses in relation to social facts, peculiar to primitive cultures and industrial societies
  • D. Mental functions and processes, inner and subjective experiences - such as thoughts, emotions, consciousness, motivation, perception of others and personality.
  • E. The action of botanical substances with psychoactive action.

Question 52

52. Ethnopharmacology is:
  • A. A field of chemistry that studies medicine from the perspective of defining it as a substance used for the prophylaxis, treatment or diagnosis of diseases.
  • B. A direction of research focusing on the use of medicines by peoples, whose perceptions of health and disease differ from those based on the principles of Western science and biomedicine.
  • C. Field related to medical botany, phytochemistry, plant systematics, etc.
  • D. Anthropological analysis of medicinal plants that includes their study as objects of culture.
  • E. The field that studies the practices of collection and use, describes the indigenous ideas about plants and the way in which they refer to the health of the locals.

Question 53

53. Medical pluralism refers to:
  • A. Coexistence of many subsystems within the medical system
  • B. The possibility of the simultaneous existence of local, regional and cosmopolitan systems within the same system.
  • C. The concomitant existence of both public and private medical services.
  • D. Concomitant use of biomedical and complementary / alternative concepts of disease and cure
  • E.The existence in a community of several specialized medical institutions.

Question 54

54. Check the disciplines which are complementary to „intercultural communication”:
  • A. ethnology;
  • B. politology;
  • C. ethnolinguistics;
  • D. ethnopsychanalysis;
  • E. cultural antropology.

Question 55

55. Which of the following elements are definitory for the concept of „culture”:
  • A. system of values;
  • B. ideas;
  • C. attitudes;
  • D. rules;
  • E. concepts.

Question 56

56. Check Apartheid Model characteristics:
  • A. assumes a total separation of minority cultures;
  • B. assumes a partial separation of minority cultures;
  • C. assumes a total segregation of minority cultures;
  • D. assumes a partial ghettoization of minority cultures;
  • E. assumes a total ghettoization of minority cultures.

Question 57

57. Polycentric model is met, at least partially, in politico-cultural entites as:
  • A. Belgium;
  • B. Canada;
  • C. California (USA);
  • D. Sweden;
  • E. Switzerland

Question 58

58. Ethnocentrism is mostly associated with:
  • A. intolerance;
  • B. xenofobia;
  • C. rasism;
  • D. stimatization;
  • E. humanism.

Question 59

59. Check the socio-cultural elements with a direct action on the intercultural perceptions and communication:
  • A. values;
  • B. rules;
  • C. taboos;
  • D. concept about the world;
  • E. answers a,b,d

Question 60

60. Check the authors who highlight cultural values with a significant impact on intercultural communication:
  • A. Denis McQuail,
  • B. Richard Porter;
  • C. Fernando Ortiz;
  • D. Larry Samovar;
  • E. Samuel C. Serto.

Question 61

61. Check the authors who state that there is a dichotomic difference on the conception about the world between the eastern and western cultures:
  • A. A. Gilgen;
  • B. Leonard Saules;
  • C. Fernando Ortiz;
  • D. J. Cho;
  • E. Samuel C. Serto

Question 62

62. Who of the following scientists states that nationality, ethnicity and belief confession represents an important barrier in physician-patient interaction?
  • A. I. Hardy;
  • B. Leonard Saules;
  • C. Fernando Ortiz;
  • D. E.I. Klimov;
  • E. Denis McQuail.

Question 63

63. Choose the types of takezics in intercultural communication:
  • A. proffesional;
  • B. ritual;
  • C. interactive;
  • D. loving;
  • E. friendly.

Question 64

64. Choose the historical types of handshake, each being symbolic in intercultural communication:
  • A. palm facing up;
  • B. palm horizontal;
  • C. palm vertical;
  • D. „glove” type handshake;
  • E. palm facing down.

Question 65

65. Highlight spatial distances, specific for certain socio-cultural contexts:
  • A. intimal space;
  • B. public space;
  • C. social space
  • D. ritual space;
  • E. personal space.

Question 66

66. Which of the following countries are associated with hard monochronic societies:
  • A. Great Britain;
  • B. France;
  • C. Scandinavian countries (Sweden, Denmark, Norway);
  • D. Austria;
  • E. Switzerland.

Question 67

67. State the behavioral features specific to the pacients who come from individualist-type cultures:
  • A. Patients try to build business type relationships with the physician.
  • B. Negative prognosis is delivered to the patient first.
  • C. Patients delegate decision making related to their condition to the relatives and medical staff,
  • D. Patients take full responsibility for decision making regarding their condition.
  • E. Patients obey the concept of separation of business type relationship from personal relationships, assigning presents and friendship to the personal-type relationships.

Question 68

68. State the comportamental characteristics specific to the patients who come from collectivist type cultures:
  • A. Negative prognosis is delivered to the relatives first.
  • B. Patients will offer presents and money to the doctor, asking personal questions sometimes making excessive confidentiality with the medical staff.
  • C. Patients delegate decision making related to their condition to the relatives and medical staff.
  • D. Patients take full responsibility for decision making regarding their condition.
  • E. Patients try to build friendships with the physician.

Question 69

69. The reasons for behavioral deviations may be:
  • A. neuropsychic (congenital or acquired);
  • B. family (unfavorable living conditions within the family);
  • C. emotional (produced in small groups or communities);
  • D. social and / or economic (generated by cataclysms or social, political, economic, cultural, religious crises);
  • F.interpersonal, verbal and nonverbal (caused by dialogues).

Question 70

70. The criteria for classifying deviant conduct are:
  • A. according to the forms of manifestation;
  • B. according to the content of the event;
  • C. after the severity of realization;
  • D. according to the status of the individual in society;
  • E. according to the axiological experiences of public life.

Question 71

71. According to the forms of manifestation, the deviant behavior can be:
  • A. passive and nonviolent;
  • B. in particular form;
  • C. simulation and sinisterosis;
  • D. self-destructive and self-mutilating;
  • E. heterodestructive, aggressive and violent.

Question 72

72. Depending on the content of the event, the deviant behavior may be:
  • A. aggressive;
  • B. non-aggressive;
  • C. with fraud.
  • D. violation of norms (rules);
  • E. observed; unnoticed and indeterminate.

Question 73

73. Identify the factors that influence your health:
  • A. Human biology: genetic inheritance, maturation processes, aging, chronic disorders, degenerative, geriatric.
  • B. Environment: drinking water, medicines, pollution, sanitation, communicable diseases, rapid social change.
  • C. Lifestyle: food, physical activity, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, alcoholism.
  • D. The organization of health care: the quantity and quality of medical resources, access to them, the relationship between people and resources in health care.
  • E. Absence of the disease: the symptoms are not perceived, the patient feels well and does not observe pathologies.

Question 74

74. Depending on the severity of the achievement, the deviant behavior may be:
  • A. moral;
  • B. collective;
  • C. mild;
  • D. moderate;
  • E. severe.

Question 75

75. Referring to the incidence of the medical factor, the deviant behaviors are:
  • A. Personality disorders.
  • B. Behavioral syndromes in mental illness.
  • C. Domestic violence and sexual deviations.
  • D. Persistent states of conflict.
  • E. National and international.

Question 76

76. Some of the ways in which domestic violence is manifested are:
  • A. Psychological violence (threats, humiliation, intimidation, insults, indifference).
  • B. Physical violence (blows, strangulations, burns, piercings, sharp objects, suffocation, hair pulling, etc.).
  • C. Violence through isolation or social (restrictions on visits or travel, prohibitions, ignoring requests, suspicions of infidelity, forced isolation through closures in different spaces, etc.).
  • D. Sexual violence (forced imposition of intimate relations, rape, application of degrading sexual practices, etc.).
  • F.Tacit violence (mimicking various familiar activities).

Question 77

77. Do the negative effects of domestic violence have an extended meaning and manifested in several dimensions? Identify what they are.
  • A. First of all, it is a disastrous action at the moment and in perspective for each member of the family, affecting, practically, the whole psychosomatic system
  • B. Secondly, it is a direct attack on the integrity of the fragile body of the growing child, endangering his life and health and mutilating his psyche and behavior for life, respectively.
  • C. Thirdly, it is detrimental to the normal life of the community in the immediate family unworthy examples, contaminating society with dangerous negative effects.
  • D. Fourth, it erodes the basic structure or institution of society - the family, which, in turn, threatens the well-being of members of society and the normality of social relations.
  • E. Fifth, it is a disastrous action unnoticed and in the future every member of the family gets used to it and there are no consequences.

Question 78

78. Those involved in the conflict usually show the following behavioral attitudes:
  • A. competitiveness;
  • B. cooperation;
  • C. negotiation;
  • D. avoidance and failure;
  • E. cowardice and indifference.

Question 79

79. The doctor can advise both patients and their colleagues (involved in conflict situations) by offering, in general, the following recommendations:
  • A. Settle ongoing or potential confrontations and consider the possibility of withdrawal from the conflict.
  • B. To compromise, to be tolerant and to be patient in tense situations, facing emotion and impulsivity.
  • C. To compromise, to be cooperative and not to insist on victory, to avoid confrontations and to ignore the small things, the insignificant subjects, the negative things of the past.
  • D. To have expectations in line with reality, to cultivate a sense of mutual trust, to acknowledge their own mistakes or problems and to turn the conflict into constructive possibilities.
  • E. To avoid compromises, to insist on victory, not to overlook the negative things of the past and to face any conflict with emotion.

Question 80

80. The doctor who consults patients affected by physical overload should pay attention to conditions such as:
  • A. Pain in muscles, limbs, wrists, headache, headache.
  • B. Contusion, memory impairment, decreased ability to concentrate, weight loss.
  • C. Indifference, courage of the person, prolonged sleep, intensification of work capacity.
  • D. Digestive tract dysfunctions, sleep disorders, decreased work capacity.
  • E. Sensation of physical or / or mental exhaustion (not to be confused with hypothyroidism).

Question 81

81. Nervous overload can occur as a result of
  • A. Some dysfunctions of the digestive tract, the person courage, prolonged sleep, relaxation, etc
  • B. Achieving a large and intense volume of intellectual work, often as a result of self- imposition in emergency situations.
  • C. Persistent, lasting stress and overwork (mental, physical, intellectual).
  • D. Some neurological, endocrine or other disorders, already present, and which impose the person to certain intellectual, stressful or other actions, and as a result there is nervous overload.
  • E. The influences of some physical, informational factors from the environment and the way of life in general.

Question 82

82. Nervous overload usually includes three stages, identify which are:
  • A. The phase of non-exhaustion, when the adaptation process is invigorated.
  • B. The alert reaction (this is where the shock stage occurs, then the countershock stage, when the defense reactions occur)
  • C. The survival phase is also aware when self-regulation processes are not affected.
  • D. The state of resistance that drives self-regulation processes.
  • E. The phase of the state of exhaustion, when the adaptation process fails.

Question 83

83. The effects of smoking on the body are manifested at several levels, the identifications:
  • A. At the level of the whole organism.
  • B. In the brain and nervous system.
  • C. At the intellectual level,
  • D. At the level of the respiratory system.
  • E. The gastrointestinal level.

Question 84

84. Smoking prevention measures include:
  • A. Carrying out an anti-smoking information campaign at all levels and for all social categories.
  • B. Promoting a healthy lifestyle.
  • C. Organizing special forms of behavior with smokers.
  • D. Holding lessons on the consequences of smoking.
  • E. Promoting medical tobacco through the media

Question 85

85. Identify the psychic signs that characterize alcoholism:
  • A. Conditions that affect mood (fear, frustration, depression).
  • B. Looking for opportunities to consume alcoholic beverages.
  • C. Events characterized by a high degree of emotion (losses, deaths, serious illnesses, substantial gains, divorces, euphoria).
  • D. The person finds in alcohol consumption.
  • E. Frequent sweating, nausea and acute headache.

Question 86

86. Identify the physical signs that characterize alcoholism:
  • A. Conditions that affect mood (fear, frustration, depression).
  • B. It is manifested by uncoordinated movements and loss of balance.
  • C. Trembling hands and frequent sweating.
  • D. Nausea, acute headache.
  • E. Cardiac dysfunction, etc.

Question 87

87. The action of current alcohol consumption on the body is manifested in several phases, which are:
  • A. The exciting or euphoric phase, in which the consumer becomes mobile and active in relationships with others: sociable, open, cheerful, and sometimes irritating and depressed.
  • B. The actual state of intoxication, when the person who consumed al-cool reveals a predominantly emotional behavior, low judgment, loss of control, exalted, motor incoordination, disorientation.
  • C. The phase of the state of non-alcoholic exhaustion, when the adaptation process is invigorated.
  • D. The phase of drowsiness or stupor, when the maxi-mum decreases sensory reflexes, sphincter control.
  • E. The phase of the alcoholic coma, marked by a state of unconsciousness, the disappearance of the reflexes, the decrease of the temperature and, depending on the depth of this state, death

Question 88

88. A healthy (normal) diet involves eating food in a rational way and this involves:
  • A. Foods must have a complex composition of nutrients.
  • B. Consumption should be rational in terms of energy (caloric), taking into account age, sex, environment, nature of work, physiological state of the body.
  • C. The food should be distributed according to a schedule, regime, respectively, the food should be mainly composed of fresh, natural, unprocessed or processed products.
  • D. Abusive consumption of the most pleasant foods, to observe the hygienic norms sometimes, sanitary in the preparation, serving and consumption of products.
  • E. Moderate consumption, to respect the hygienic and sanitary norms in the preparation, serving and consumption of products.

Question 89

89. Curative nutrition ensures:
  • A. Aggravation of the pathological condition of the body.
  • B. The onset of obesity and diabetes.
  • C. Improving the pathological condition of the body.
  • D. Regulates vital processes.
  • E. Prevents the occurrence of vital process dysfunctions.

Question 90

90. What are the basic principles of etiquette?
  • A. The principle of humanism and humanity, which is embodied in the requirements of being polite, tactful, fair, kind, modest and precise
  • B. The principle of timeliness of action, according to which etiquette allows a person to behave reasonably, simply and conveniently for himself and those around him.
  • C. The principle of beauty or the aesthetic attractiveness of behavior.
  • D. The principle of respecting the customs and traditions of the country in which a person is at a given time.
  • E. The principle of profit and convenience, which reflects the person ability to manifest himself in the self-interest and detriment of others.

Question 91

91. How do you greet someone according to the etiquette?
  • A. The man always greets the first and the young greet the older ones.
  • B. The newcomer greets those already gathered.
  • C. The inferior greets his superior (If the inferior is a woman the first will greet the man).
  • D. The student always greets the teacher.
  • E. The person will greet only when he needs the services of another person.

Question 92

92. Identify forms and rules of nonverbal greeting according to the etiquette:
  • A. The woman is the one who will shake the man's hand, the same happens in the case of the boss-subordinate relationship. The person of higher rank will decide if he wants to use this type of greeting.
  • B. When a man is introduced to a woman, she is the first to offer her hand. And the older ones have priority in this regard.
  • C. The handshake should not be too strong (especially with a woman), nor lifeless. Give your hand in a free and confident gesture. The handshake should be short.
  • D. Say hello to friends while sitting by table at restaurant or cafe, only with a nod of the head..
  • E. You can easily extend your hand to greet each other when you start working .

Question 93

93. The approach style to the other person can be:
  • A. official (lady, gentleman, citizen, by name, surname, patronymic);
  • B. intimate (dear Sorin, dear Livia);
  • C. confidential (dear colleagues, friends);
  • D. comic (this person's childhood nickname);
  • E. mutual (expected to address the interlocutor first).

Question 94

94. Underline the rules of behavior on the street according to the etiquette:
  • A. It is not polite to look ostentatiously behind a woman, especially if you are going with a lady. Do not stop a friend who is not walking alone.
  • B. Try not to smoke on the street. Try to behave as smartly as possible in the presence of children
  • C. Try not to sneeze in public - in extreme cases, use a handkerchief (sneezing, don't apologize).
  • D. Do not draw the attention of others by talking too loudly. It is rude to comment to passers-by on their appearance
  • E. Try smoking on the street. Also, avoid intelligent behavior in the presence of children.

Question 95

95. How should you behave in public transport according to the etiquette?
  • A. Do not rush into public transport until it stops. Wait until the passengers who want to get off do so.
  • B. When getting on public transportation, do not push other passengers with your elbows, do not try to get in first. An educated person should give priority to the elderly, the sick, women and children
  • C. Do not throw yourself forward, slamming other passengers to the side to take a seat. If you are sitting and an elderly person, a pregnant woman, a person with disabilities or a child enters, offer them your place.
  • D. If you read a book, newspaper, or tablet on public transportation, keep it away from passengers. It is incorrect to look at the tablet, phone or newspaper read by another passenger.
  • E. Hurry to get on public transport until it stops. No need to wait until passengers who want to get off do so.

Question 96

96. What are the essential rules of phone etiquette?
  • A. Dont forget to say hello on the phone and only then make a request. Do not call in the morning before 9 am or in the evening after 8 pm (unless there is an urgent message or if you know for sure that your call is waiting and the addressee has not gone to bed).
  • B. Never ask at the beginning of a conversation, Private conversations are awkward in the presence of others.
  • C. Three miraculous words that are often missing from our speech are especially useful in telephone conversations. Try to keep your phone conversation as short, calm, and polite as possible.
  • D. Do not burden your friends or relatives on the phone with your troubles, illness complaints, dissatisfaction stories, do not discuss shopping for an hour, etc
  • E. The appellant is not obliged to appear. If the caller has the wrong number, you can answer rudely, it bothers you, to be more careful in the future.

Question 97

97. What are some of the basic rules that you should know in a restaurant?
  • A. The clothes must be suitable for the restaurant you have chosen.
  • B. When we enter a restaurant, we slam the door. The first to enter the room is the man (thus protecting his guest from prying eyes).
  • C. The list of dishes is consulted by each one, but the gentleman is the one who orders
  • D. When leaving, the man helps his partner to get up. The man leaves the bar first, but is careful not to give the impression that they are not together.
  • E. You can enter a luxury restaurant dressed in a sports suit. A real lady talks to the waiter, the more she can answer advances or jokes.

Question 98

98. The language of clothes involves:
  • A. elegance;
  • B. subtle;
  • C. retention;
  • D. practice;
  • E. arrogance.

Question 99

99. Identify the message that a men wardrobe needs to convey:
  • A. stability;
  • B. safety;
  • C. perenniality;
  • D. wealth;
  • E. arrogance.

Question 100

100. An elegant woman is always dressed and behaves in accordance with:
  • A. A specific situation;
  • B. with her own social position;
  • C. according to age;
  • D. according to the age of those present;
  • E. he can dress as he sees fit.

Question 101

101. What is the dictionary definition of image?
  • A. The set of representations both affective and rational.
  • B. Associated by an individual with a brand, a product, an enterprise, an idea.
  • C. The set of affective and rational fantasies.
  • D. The dream of a company or individual.
  • E. Unreal patterns of the world.

Question 102

102. There are several image categories. Identify them:
  • A. Self-image, the image of the professional.
  • B. The doctor image. Self-image of the staff of an institution.
  • C. Positively, negatively distorted image.
  • D. Image close to reality, distal and proximal, virtual, subliminal, etc.
  • E. Usuality as an image.

Question 103

103. In communication, the image fulfills the following functions:
  • A. identification (recognition);
  • B. idealization;
  • C. opposition;
  • D. usage;
  • E. postponement.

Question 104

104. What are the steps in image processing?
  • A. Individualization - highlighting a given object among others.
  • B. Accentuation - accentuation of the highlighted characteristics.
  • C. Promotion - creating the conditions in which these characteristics can best manifest themselves.
  • D. Marking - mental overload to succeed.
  • E. Distortion - physical overload for performance.

Question 105

105. Corporate images has a more complex structure. How are corporate images formed?
  • A. Sociological survey - defining the characteristics of an ideal object (how would we like to see it?) And real (what is it really?).
  • B. Ranking (prioritization) and expression (definition of required characteristics).
  • C. Planning (determining how and through which channels the key message will reach the target audience) and implementation (conducting an information campaign).
  • D. Effectiveness (checking the effectiveness of the information campaign).
  • E. Marking - mental overload to succeed and distortion - physical overload for performance.

Question 106

106. The image of a doctor is valuable in that:
  • A. Expresses certain mental ideas about the state of the medical profession.
  • B. Expresses certain mental ideas about the state of medicine in general.
  • C. Expresses the social status and cultural purpose of the doctor.
  • D. Expresses humble and modest ideas about the state of the medical profession.
  • E. Expresses the arrogant and superior status of the doctor.

Question 107

107. The term „medical vocation" means:
  • A. A unit of a physician natural abilities and subjective cognitive interests in his profession.
  • B. The process in which self-affirmation of individuality and its creative possibilities is realized.
  • C. Humble and modest ideas about the state of the medical profession.
  • D. A social role and a metaphysical purpose of the physician.
  • E. The set of affective and rational fantasies of the physician.

Question 108

108. From a cultural perspective, a doctor's image includes:
  • A. The values and objectives of the medical community expressed in the texts of culture in a certain historical period.
  • B. Professional and cultural regulations enshrined in regulations, codes, requirements, oaths.
  • C. A doctor life in society, his actions and real behavior.
  • D. Forms and mechanisms of social recognition of the doctor as a carrier and creator of culture.
  • E. Ways to destabilize and distort the medical profession as a subject of society and culture.

Question 109

109. The moral image of the doctor is usually characterized by:
  • A. Conscientious - serious, resilient, thorough, etc.
  • B. Intelligent - creative, knows medicine, knows how to communicate, etc.
  • C. Honest - is not corrupt, does not discriminate, etc.
  • D. Receiver - unbalanced distribution of medical resources, etc.
  • E. Avaricious - personal interests predominate compared to professional ones, etc.

Question 110

110. The principle of non-damage can be manifested by observing the following rules:
  • A. Dont kill.
  • B. Do not cause pain or suffering.
  • C. Deprives others of property if it is harmful.
  • D. No offense.
  • E. Sacrifice your own life on behalf of others.

Question 111

111. What exactly is a human being?
  • A. biological being;
  • B. social being;
  • C. economic being;
  • D. cosmic being;
  • E. psychic being.

Question 112

112. Bioethics ’principles in narrow sense are:
  • A. the principle of respect for autonomy;
  • B. the principle of respect for dignity;
  • C. the principle of integrity;
  • D. the principle of respect for vulnerability;
  • E. the principle of plausibility.
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