Nutrients Involved in Energy Metabolism (chp. 13)

Jess Weistuch
Quiz by Jess Weistuch, updated more than 1 year ago
Jess Weistuch
Created by Jess Weistuch about 6 years ago
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Description

chapter 3 NFS 210 exam

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Where are vitamins and minerals absorbed in the body?
Answer
  • small intestine
  • liver
  • heart
  • large intestine

Question 2

Question
This nutrient is a part of the coenzyme FAD; milk is a significant source
Answer
  • zinc
  • calcium
  • riboflavin
  • iron

Question 3

Question
This nutrient is a part of the coenzyme known as NAD; the body can make it from the amino acid tryptophan
Answer
  • zinc
  • sodium
  • thiamin
  • niacin

Question 4

Question
This nutrient functions as part of a coenzyme in amino acid metabolism; it also helps to make red blood cells
Answer
  • B12
  • B6
  • B1
  • B10

Question 5

Question
Whole grain products and pork are significant sources of this vitamin; it's part of a coenzyme that helps to convert pyruvate to acetyl CoA.
Answer
  • Riboflavin
  • Niacin
  • Thiamin
  • Iodine

Question 6

Question
Nutrient that enhances insulin activity in the body; it's often sold as a supplement for weight loss.
Answer
  • chromium
  • iodine
  • niacin
  • riboflavin

Question 7

Question
Which of these nutrients is NOT added to refined white flour during the enrichment process.
Answer
  • Iodine
  • Riboflavin
  • Niacin
  • Thiamin

Question 8

Question
Which energy metabolism nutrient is an essential component of thyroid hormones?
Answer
  • Chromium
  • Iron
  • Iodine
  • Magnesium

Question 9

Question
Which of these vitamins is not fat soluble?
Answer
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin K
  • Vitamin D

Question 10

Question
What is the definition of an enzyme?
Answer
  • proteins that stop biochemical reactions
  • Most common cause of preventable brain damage in the world
  • proteins that catalyze biochemical reactions
  • the loss of electrons

Question 11

Question
Which is a source of B6 vitamins?
Answer
  • Enriched grains
  • Whole grains
  • Rice
  • Fortified cereals & grains

Question 12

Question
What much enriched flour contain?
Answer
  • Thiamin (B1)
  • Calcium
  • Niacin (B3)
  • Riboflavin (B2)
  • Folic Acid
  • Iron
  • Magnesium

Question 13

Question
Who is at risk of Thiamin deficiency?
Answer
  • elderly
  • healthy adolescent
  • alcoholics
  • infants

Question 14

Question
Which is NOT one of the 4 d's relating to the thiamin deficiency, Pellagra?
Answer
  • Diabetes
  • Dermatitis
  • Diarrhea
  • Dementia
  • Death

Question 15

Question
What is NOT true about chromium?
Answer
  • May enhance insulin function
  • promotes glucose uptake
  • Essential component of thyroid hormones
  • sources are whole grains, meats (liver), veggies

Question 16

Question
Which of these are NOT one of the functions of Iodine
Answer
  • Regulates body temperature
  • Regulates heartbeat
  • Regulates growth
  • Regulates blood cell production
  • Regulates nerve and muscle function

Question 17

Question
Which is NOT a source of iodine?
Answer
  • Saltwater seafood
  • Whole grains
  • Iodized salt
  • Dairy products

Question 18

Question
What is iodine deficiency called?
Answer
  • Phenylketonuria (PKU)
  • Glycogen Storage Disease
  • Galactosemia
  • Goiter

Question 19

Question
Thiamin pyrophosphate, TPP, is required for ___________.
Answer
  • protein synthesis
  • fatty acid synthesis
  • carbohydrate metabolism
  • DNA synthesis

Question 20

Question
Thiamin deficiency can be found among ________.
Answer
  • heavy users of alcohol
  • poor people in developing countries reliant on white rice as a staple food
  • poor people in developing countries reliant on corn as a staple food
  • both a and b
  • both a and c

Question 21

Question
Which of the following water-soluble vitamins participate in oxidation-reduction reactions?
Answer
  • thiamin and riboflavin
  • thiamin and vitamin B-6
  • pantothenic acid and niacin
  • riboflavin and niaciin

Question 22

Question
An alcoholic who consumes no dairy products is most at risk of developing ________ deficiency.
Answer
  • choline
  • vitamin B-6
  • riboflavin
  • thiamin

Question 23

Question
Niacin can be synthesized in cells from ______________.
Answer
  • riboflavin
  • fatty acids
  • glucose
  • tryptophan

Question 24

Question
Deficiencies of ________ and ____________ are extremely rare.
Answer
  • biotin; pantothenic acid
  • biotin; niacin
  • riboflavin; niacin
  • thiamin; niacin

Question 25

Question
Transamination reactions allow the formation of nonessential amino acids. Which vitamin is required for these reactions?
Answer
  • thiamin
  • niacin
  • riboflavin
  • vitamin B-6

Question 26

Question
Good sources of folate include _____________.
Answer
  • lentils, spinach, asparagus, and fortified foods
  • papayas, limes, oranges, and potatoes
  • dairy products, fortified foods, and nuts
  • tuna, chicken, beef, and dairy products

Question 27

Question
Folate functions in DNA synthesis and amino acid metabolism
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

Question
Macrocytic anemia, peripheral neuropathy, and impaired cognitive function are signs of ____________ deficiency.
Answer
  • ascorbic acid
  • niacin
  • vitamin B-12
  • Vitamin B-6

Question 29

Question
Sources of vitamin B-12 include__________.
Answer
  • whole grains, tuna, and eggs
  • dairy products, meat, and fish
  • citrus fruits, papayas, and bananas
  • dairy products, whole grains, and leafy, green vegetables

Question 30

Question
Manganese is a cofactor for metabolic enzymes.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 31

Question
Which of the following is a function of iodine?
Answer
  • acts as a component of superoxide dismutase enzyme
  • aids in thyroid hormone metabolism
  • functions in antioxidant defense
  • enhances insulin activity

Question 32

Question
Which of the following is associated with the development of cretinism?
Answer
  • iron deficiency
  • zinc deficiency
  • iodine deficiency
  • selenium deficiency

Question 33

Question
Protein-rich foods are the main source of the mineral sulfur in our diets
Answer
  • True
  • False
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