Quiz - Muscles Lower Limb (Insertions and Origins)

rachel_w
Quiz by rachel_w, updated more than 1 year ago
rachel_w
Created by rachel_w over 5 years ago
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Quiz - Muscles Lower Limb (Insertions and Origins)

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
[blank_start]Tibialis anterior[blank_end] - Origin = lateral tibial condyle, proximal 2/3 anterolateral surface of tibia & interrosseous membrane. Insertion = Base of 5th metatarsal & medial cuneiform.
Answer
  • Tibialis anterior

Question 2

Question
[blank_start]Tibialis posterior[blank_end] - Origin = posterior shaft of tibia, posterior shaft of fibula & interosseus membrane. Insertion = tuberosity of the navicular, all 3 cuneiforms, bases of the 2nd-4th metatarsals, cuboid and sustenaculum tail
Answer
  • Tibialis posterior

Question 3

Question
[blank_start]Peroneus longus[blank_end] - Origin = head of fibula & proximal 2/3rds of shaft of fibula. Insertion = Base of 1st metatarsal & medial cuneiform.
Answer
  • Peroneus longus

Question 4

Question
[blank_start]Peroneus brevis[blank_end] - Origin = distal 2/3rd lateral fibula shaft. Insertion = Base of 5th metatarsal.
Answer
  • Peroneus brevis

Question 5

Question
[blank_start]Gastrocnemius[blank_end] - Origin = Medial & lateral femoral condyles (2 heads). Insertion = Calcaneus by way of the Achilles tendon.
Answer
  • Gastrocnemius

Question 6

Question
[blank_start]Soleus[blank_end] - Origin = Upper shaft of fibula & upper shaft of tibia (soleal line). Insertion = Calcaenus via the Achilles tendon.
Answer
  • Soleus

Question 7

Question
[blank_start]Plantaris[blank_end] - Origin = supracondylar ridge of femur. Insertion = Medial to the Achilles tendon which merges with the Achilles.
Answer
  • Plantaris

Question 8

Question
[blank_start]Extensor hallucis longus[blank_end] - Origin = Medial aspect of shaft of fibula & interosseous membrane. Insertion = proximal and distal phalanx of hallux (at the base of).
Answer
  • Extensor hallucis longus

Question 9

Question
[blank_start]Extensor digitorum longus[blank_end]. Origin = lateral condyle of tibia, upper anterior shaft of fibula and interosseous membrane. Insertion = Dorsal surface of the bases of the middle and distal phalanxes of the 2nd - 5th rays (the extensor expansion)
Answer
  • Extensor digitorum longus

Question 10

Question
[blank_start]Flexor hallucis longus[blank_end] - Origin = inferior 2/3rds of the posterior shaft of the fibula. Insertion = Distal phalanx of hallux (base of).
Answer
  • Flexor hallucis longus

Question 11

Question
[blank_start]Flexor digitorum longus[blank_end] - Origin = Posteror shaft of tibia. Insertion = Plantar surface of the bases of the 2nd-5th distal phalanges.
Answer
  • Flexor digitorum longus

Question 12

Question
[blank_start]Peroneus tertius[blank_end] - Origin = distal 1/3 of anterior fibula shaft. Insertion = Base of 5th metatarsal.
Answer
  • Peroneus tertius

Question 13

Question
[blank_start]Biceps femoris[blank_end] - Origin = Long head (ischial tuberosity) & short head (shaft of femur). Insertion = Head of fibula.
Answer
  • Biceps femoris

Question 14

Question
[blank_start]Semitendinosus[blank_end] - Origin = ischial tuberosity. Insertion = medial aspect of tibia (pes anserine).
Answer
  • Semitendinosus

Question 15

Question
[blank_start]Semimembranosus[blank_end] - Origin = Ischial tuberosity. Insertion = Meidal tibial condyle (forms the oblique popliteal ligament).
Answer
  • Semimembranosus

Question 16

Question
[blank_start]Gracilis[blank_end] - Origin = Inferior ramus of pubis, ramus of ischium and pubic symphysis. Insertion = Upper part of shaft of tibia on medial surface.
Answer
  • Gracilis

Question 17

Question
[blank_start]Sartorius[blank_end] - Origin = ASIS. Insertion = upper medial surface of tibia.
Answer
  • Sartorius

Question 18

Question
[blank_start]Popliteus[blank_end] - Origin = lateral femoral condyle, arcuate popliteal ligament, lateral meniscus & knee joint capsule. Insertion - posterior shaft of tibia.
Answer
  • Popliteus

Question 19

Question
[blank_start]Rectus femoris[blank_end] - Origin - AIIS (straight head) and Ilium above acetabulum (reflected head). Insertion = Tibial tuberosity via the patella tendon.
Answer
  • Rectus femoris

Question 20

Question
[blank_start]Vastus intermedius[blank_end] - Origin = Shaft of femur (anterior lateral aspect). Insertion = Tibial tuberosity via the patella tendon.
Answer
  • Vastus intermedius

Question 21

Question
[blank_start]Vastus lateralis[blank_end] - Origin = shaft of femur (upper linea aspera), Greater trochanter. Insertion = Tibial tuberosity via patella tendon.
Answer
  • Vastus lateralis

Question 22

Question
[blank_start]Vastus medialis[blank_end] - Origin = shaft of femur (upper linea aspera on medial aspect), Intertrochanteric line. Insertion = Tibial tuberosity via the patella tendon.
Answer
  • Vastus medialis

Question 23

Question
[blank_start]Iliacus[blank_end] - Origin = Iliac fossa & AIIS, Insertion = Lesser trochanter.
Answer
  • Iliacus

Question 24

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[blank_start]Psoas[blank_end] - Origin = 12th thoracic body (transverse processes), intervertebral discs of lumbar vertebrae 1-5. Insertion = lesser trochanter.
Answer
  • Psoas

Question 25

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[blank_start]Tensor fascia latae[blank_end] - Origin = ASIS & anterior iliac crest, Insertion = Iliotibial band.
Answer
  • Tensor fascia latae

Question 26

Question
[blank_start]Pectinius[blank_end] - Origin = Pubic bone (pecten pubis). Insertion = Pectineal line (posterior shaft of femur just inferior to the lesser trochanter).
Answer
  • Pectinius

Question 27

Question
[blank_start]Gluteus maximus[blank_end] - Origin = outer surface of ilium, sacrum, coccyx, sacrotuberous ligament. Insertion = 75% iliotibial band, 25% gluteal tuberosity of the femur.
Answer
  • Gluteus maximus

Question 28

Question
[blank_start]Gluteus medius[blank_end] = Origin = outer surface of ilium (posterior). Insertion = greater trochanter.
Answer
  • Gluteus medius

Question 29

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[blank_start]Gluteus minimus[blank_end] - Origin = outer surface of ilium (posterior below medius)
Answer
  • Gluteus minimus

Question 30

Question
[blank_start]Adductor longus[blank_end] - Origin = body of pubis (beneath pubic tubercle). Insertion = Posterior surface of shaft of femur (at linea aspera).
Answer
  • Adductor longus

Question 31

Question
[blank_start]Adductor magnus[blank_end] - Origin = inferior ramus of pubis, ramus of ischium and ischial tuberosity. Insertion = posterior shaft of femur, near linea aspera and adductor tubercle.
Answer
  • Adductor magnus

Question 32

Question
[blank_start]Adductor brevis[blank_end] - Origin = inferior ramus and body of pubis. Insertion = Posterior surface of shaft of femur at linea aspera (top 1/3).
Answer
  • Adductor brevis

Question 33

Question
[blank_start]Piriformis[blank_end] - Origin = pelvic surface of sacrum. Insertion = medial aspect of greater trochanter.
Answer
  • Piriformis

Question 34

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[blank_start]Quadratus femoris[blank_end] - Origin = lateral aspect of ischial tuberosity. Insertion = quadrate line under greater trochanter.
Answer
  • Quadratus femoris

Question 35

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[blank_start]Gemellus superior[blank_end] - origin = ischial spine. Insertion = medial aspect of greater trochanter.
Answer
  • Gemellus superior

Question 36

Question
[blank_start]Obturator externus[blank_end] = Origin = obturator foramen/obturator membrane (external). Insertion = Trochanteric fossa (under superior lip of greater trochanter on anterior femur.
Answer
  • Obturator externus

Question 37

Question
[blank_start]Obturator internus[blank_end] - Origin = obturator foramen/membrane (internal). Insertion = Medial surface of greater trochanter.
Answer
  • Obturator internus
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