February 1945 - The [blank_start]Yalta[blank_end] Conference. [blank_start]Churchill[blank_end] (Britain PM), [blank_start]Roosevelt[blank_end] (USA) and Stalin (USSR) hold a conference to decide what to do when [blank_start]Germany[blank_end] is defeated.
Check all the correct points.
At the Yalta conference, the three leaders decided...
Germany would be split into 4 sections
The size of the reparations Germany would pay
That Berlin would be split into 3 sections
Stalin was not allowed a sphere of influence
To put Nazi war criminals to trial
Countries in Europe should be allowed free and fair elections
By the time of the Potsdam conference, the US has a new leader, who is very pro-communist.
In Potsdam, [blank_start]July[blank_end] 1945, the big three disagreed on the size of [blank_start]reparations[blank_end] for Germany, how much [blank_start]influence[blank_end] Russia was allowed, and how to divide Germany.
the trading restrictions
What was the importance of the iron curtain speech that Churchill made?
It was the first time any of the big three had spoken publicly about the tension between USSR and the rest of the world.
Churchill was publicly showing his support for Stalin.
It showed how the big three were all still allies and supporting each other, despite the supposed tension.
What was Marshall aid?
$17 billion from America to get Europe's economy going and to stop communism spreading.
$15 million from America to help Britain defeat Stalin
What were 4 causes of the Berlin blockade in 1947?
The iron curtain speech made by Churchill in America. It was dubbed 'an act of aggression' by Stalin.
The truman doctrine, March 1947. $400 million to Turkey and Greece to stop them from becoming communist.
difference in aims between US, UK and USSR. UK and US wanted to help rebuild Germany, Stalin didn't.
A new currency threatened Stalin's ideal of a poor Germany.
Marshall aid, which gave $17 billion to Europe to help it rebuild it's economy
The joining of US and UK zones in Germany to create 'Bizonia'.