The Great Philosophy Quiz - Let's Plato!

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Quiz by jfb6071, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
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Created by jfb6071 almost 4 years ago
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A quiz for AS philosophy of religion
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
How did Platonic theories of the Forms influence Christianity? Select the applicable:
Answer
  • Christians go on a pilgrimage where they are imprisoned in a cave but then escape and are blinded by the sun!
  • Dualist principles adopted by Christians for heaven and earth
  • Aquinas, like many Christians, believe in levels of knowledge that humans can't access for instance Thommist Divine Law.
  • Christians have adopted the Prime Mover as their demiurge God.
  • Christians liken the Form of the Good to God.

Question 2

Question
Aristotle defined change as the movement from the possible to the actual.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
Select the strengths of Aristotle's causation:
Answer
  • 4 causes are easily applicable to everything material
  • Russell - "the universe is just there, that's all"
  • Based on empirical evidence
  • Explains change and cosmology effectively with evidence

Question 4

Question
Weaknesses of Plato
Answer
  • Can't actually be proved and ignores the senses
  • Doesn't account for subjective perfections of vritues
  • Is there an ideal evil?
  • Aristotle - infinite regression
  • Exclusive and elitist

Question 5

Question
How did Aristotelian causation influence Christianity? Select the applicable:
Answer
  • The transcendence of the Prime Mover
  • The existence of the Prime Mover (but a Christian one)
  • The cosmological argument
  • The 4 causes, especially the Final cause, influenced Aquinas' work on Natural Law.

Question 6

Question
Weaknesses of Aristotle:
Answer
  • Contradictory - everything has a cause apart from the Prime Mover
  • Russell - "the universe is just there, that's all"
  • The 4 causes are only applicable to a few examples

Question 7

Question
Aristotle describe the Prime Mover as "That which nothing greater can be conceived"
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Plato believed that the Realm of the Forms could only be accessed by the King Philosopher - a philosopher with a great power to reason and understand.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Strengths of Plato's Forms:
Answer
  • Explains virtues as well as material objects
  • Explains innate knowledge
  • Encourages thought and learning
  • Based on empirical evidence
  • Explains imperfection

Question 10

Question
The Form of the Good is the ultimate Form and illuminates the other Forms.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Select all the attributes relating to the Judeo-Christian God
Answer
  • Immutable
  • Omniscient
  • Transcendent
  • Omnipotent
  • Evil
  • Eternal and omniprsent

Question 12

Question
Which Platonic theory does the Judeo-christian God liken to?
Answer
  • The King Philosopher
  • The Form of the Good

Question 13

Question
As God's creation is good, God is seen to be morally perfect
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
An example of God as a law-giver is the [blank_start]Decalogue[blank_end] An example of God as a judge in Matthew is the [blank_start]parable of the sheep and the goats[blank_end] An example of God as source of morality is [blank_start]Jesus[blank_end]
Answer
  • Decalogue
  • Jesus
  • Parable of the sheep and the goats
  • parable of the sheep and the goats
  • Decalogue
  • Jesus
  • Jesus
  • Decalogue
  • Parable of the sheep and the goats

Question 15

Question
Genesis 1 talks about mans relationship with man and Genesis 2 talks about God creation of the universe through Divine Fiat.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Jesus is the [blank_start]incarnation[blank_end] of God
Answer
  • incarnation

Question 17

Question
The quotation "So God expelled them from the Garden of Eden" is a reference to [blank_start]the Fall[blank_end].
Answer
  • the Fall

Question 18

Question
The quote "Have you commanded the morning since your days began and cause the dawn to know its place?" (Job 38:12) refers to what attribute of God?
Answer
  • Omniscience
  • Omnibenevolence
  • Omnipotence
  • Omnipresence

Question 19

Question
Theologians argue that God is not responsible for evil in creation because he gave humans [blank_start]free will[blank_end].
Answer
  • free will

Question 20

Question
Examples of God's goodness being questionable are;
Answer
  • The Fall and man's punishments
  • Judging people
  • The Book of Job and the sacrifice of Isaac in Genesis

Question 21

Question
God is "that than which [blank_start]nothing greater can be conceived[blank_end]" according to [blank_start]Anselm[blank_end]
Answer
  • nothing greater can be conceived
  • Anselm

Question 22

Question
The ontological argument is analytical and inductive
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
1) God is a supremely perfect being 2) Existence is a predicate of perfection 3) God exists This is the argument by which scholar?
Answer
  • St Anselm
  • Norman Malcolm
  • Descartes
  • Kant

Question 24

Question
Select the criticisms of the ontological argument
Answer
  • Aquinas: It's just too cool for the philosophical world
  • Gaunilo: you cant define something into existence
  • Murdoch: the failure to use reason proves God's transcendence
  • Kant: Existence isn't a predicate and if you reject God then it's not a contradiction
  • Russell: "the universe is just there, that's all"

Question 25

Question
Anselm's first argument: [blank_start]God is "that than which nothing[blank_end] [blank_start]greater can be conceived"[blank_end] [blank_start]God exists in intellecta[blank_end] [blank_start]a being is greater if[blank_end] [blank_start]it exists in re too[blank_end] [blank_start]God is the greatest[blank_end] [blank_start]so he exists in intellecta[blank_end] [blank_start]and in re: God exists![blank_end]
Answer
  • God is "that than which nothing
  • greater can be conceived"
  • God exists in intellecta
  • a being is greater if
  • it exists in re too
  • God is the greatest
  • so he exists in intellecta
  • and in re: God exists!

Question 26

Question
Aquinas' 3 ways are.. 1st way: [blank_start]motion[blank_end] 2nd way: [blank_start]cause[blank_end] 3rd way: [blank_start]contingency[blank_end]
Answer
  • motion
  • cause
  • contingency
  • Teleological

Question 27

Question
Bertrand Russell's counter point in the 1947 Russell vs Copleston debate on BBC radio was...
Answer
  • God is the only sufficient reason for the universe
  • Fallacy of Composition
  • The universe is beyond human understanding

Question 28

Question
Which option is the best explanation for the Kalam cosmological argument?
Answer
  • The universe has a cause (PSR) and this is grounded in a necessary being
  • Everything changes thus there was once a time when there was nothing; there has to be a necessary being to bring the contingent beings into existence.
  • Everything with a beginning has a cause; this cause we call God.

Question 29

Question
Aquinas' 1st way: motion [blank_start]Everything is moving[blank_end] [blank_start]there cant be infinite regression[blank_end] [blank_start]must have been a first mover[blank_end]
Answer
  • Everything is moving
  • everything has a cause
  • everything changes
  • there cant be infinite regression
  • must have been a first mover
  • must have been a first cause
  • must have been a necessary being

Question 30

Question
Select the criticisms for the cosmological argument
Answer
  • Why is it the Christian God? (Hume)
  • Fallacy of Composition (Hume)
  • Based on evidence (McVities)
  • The universe is just there, that's all (Russell)
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