Chaining, Shaping, and Prompting

Uilani Elmer
Quiz by , created over 3 years ago

557 WEEK 2

90
1
0
Tags
Uilani Elmer
Created by Uilani Elmer over 3 years ago
ABA terms Flashcards
Lacey Rozycki
Dog flash cards
Netta M
AQA Core Biology (B1) - 1.1 - Keeping Healthy
NiallRamphal
SCLY1 - Families and Households theorists quiz- Topic 2 Childhood (AQA AS sociology)
Tahlie
Arrested by Police - 1976 Bail Act (Section 3 & 4)
Mark Hughes
Chaining Practice
mary paye
ABA Terms
jpoole@kaplan.edu
557 Study Guide 2
Uilani Elmer
ABA: Social Validity
Sarah Kelly

Question 1

Question
Which pivotal behaviors should be assessed prior to using a shaping procedure?
Answer
  • imitation, attending, and reflexivity
  • reflexivity, attending, and motor
  • attending, motor, and imitation
  • All of the above

Question 2

Question
It is better to start with fewer items in a TA in order to avoid confusion when training BIs.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
Methods for developing a TA include: 1) observing an already [blank_start]competent[blank_end] individual perform the task 2) consulting with [blank_start]experts[blank_end] 3) performing the task [blank_start]yourself[blank_end] while writing down the sequence of behaviors
Answer
  • competent
  • experts
  • yourself

Question 4

Question
Which type of mastery level assessment was used in the following: Learner was told to brush his teeth. Responses were marked only as correct or incorrect using a task analysis. When there was a 12 second delay, the assessment ended and was re-presented to provide further opportunities.
Answer
  • Multiple opportunity method
  • Single opportunity method
  • Multiple probe design

Question 5

Question
It is okay to use prompting when using a multiple opportunity method of assessing mastery level, as long as a modeling prompt is used.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Which type of assessment of mastery level can skew the baseline in a research study?
Answer
  • Single opportunity method
  • Multiple opportunity method

Question 7

Question
Which type of chaining method(s) is/are best to use when the learner is able to complete half or more of the steps in the task analysis independently?
Answer
  • Forward chaining
  • Backward chaining
  • Total task chaining

Question 8

Question
Percentile schedules may be used in the following chaining method(s):
Answer
  • Forward chaining
  • Backward chaining
  • Total task chaining

Question 9

Question
To prevent early behaviors in a chain from weakening, use
Answer
  • systematically decreasing reinforcement for earlier steps
  • fading procedures for reinforcement of earlier steps
  • variable schedules of reinforcement for earlier steps

Question 10

Question
A child sometimes performs a step in laundry task analysis correctly, but often responds incorrectly. The BCBA should first consider
Answer
  • an issue with the prompt level being used
  • an issue with saliency of the SD
  • an issue with EOs
  • all of the above

Question 11

Question
The following are dimensions of a behavior that can be shaped:
Answer
  • duration
  • latency
  • intensity
  • saliency
  • frequency

Question 12

Question
Shaping criterion should generally be increased by
Answer
  • 5 to 10% increments
  • 10 to 12% increments
  • 10 to 15% increments
  • 15 to 20% increments

Question 13

Question
Which schedule of reinforcement is best to use when creating a shaping program that will be implemented by a BI?
Answer
  • Variable Interval
  • Variable Ratio
  • both have equal benefits and disadvantages

Question 14

Question
The transfer of stimulus control from the prompt to the initial SD is called [blank_start]fading[blank_end] .
Answer
  • fading

Question 15

Question
Physical guidance is an example of a [blank_start]response[blank_end] prompt.
Answer
  • response

Question 16

Question
If you are changing the size, shape or color of the SD you are using a [blank_start]redundancy[blank_end] cue.
Answer
  • redundancy

Question 17

Question
Rules are less intrusive than modeling.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
The typical response time allowed for the client after being prompted is (spell out the number) [blank_start]three[blank_end] seconds.
Answer
  • three

Question 19

Question
Fading and pairing of prompts require the use of DRA.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
You want to see a behavior evoked at least (write out the number) [blank_start]two[blank_end] times consecutively before fading a prompt.
Answer
  • two

Question 21

Question
A time delay is the time
Answer
  • between a less intrusive prompt and a more intrusive prompt
  • between a more intrusive prompt and a less intrusive prompt
  • before a response is emitted
  • allowed to access the reinforcer

Question 22

Question
Which type of time delay is best to use in practice as a supervisor?
Answer
  • Constant time delay
  • Progressive time delay
  • Both are equally effective in practice

Question 23

Question
In the first several trials of a fading procedure, there is a zero second delay between the presentation of the SD and the prompt. They are using
Answer
  • Progressive time delay
  • Constant time delay
  • Not enough information

Question 24

Question
If a therapist is keeping their hands hovering over the child at the beginning of a trial for changing clothes, they are using [blank_start]graduated[blank_end] [blank_start]guidance[blank_end] .
Answer
  • graduated
  • guidance