Women: Expressive role: Primary socialisation of children, homemaker, meeting the family's emotional needs.
Men: Instrumental role: Work and provide financial support.
joint and segregated conjugal roles
What were Bott's view of the division of labour in 1957?
Joint conjugal role: where both couples take equal roles in the home and in work.
Segregated conjugal role: Men are the 'bread winners' and women are the ones that does childcare and domestic work.
expressive and instrumental roles
Which one of these did Young and Willmott outline in their study of the symmetrical family in 1973?
That there is a "march of progress." There is progress but there is not fully equal.
They see that families are more equal and democratic.
More joint conjugal roles
More common amongst younger couples.
Result off major social changes
[blank_start]Feminist[blank_end] view of housework- O[blank_start]akley[blank_end] (1974)- Believes that the family is still an unequal institution with women still doing most of the house work. Claims that [blank_start]Young[blank_end] and WillMott's "March of Progress," view is exaggerated. In her study found that the percentage of men doing [blank_start]housework[blank_end] was [blank_start]15[blank_end]% and doing [blank_start]childcare[blank_end] was [blank_start]25[blank_end]%.
[blank_start]Bolton's[blank_end] research in 1983 supports [blank_start]Oakley[blank_end], in that she found that fewer than [blank_start]20[blank_end]% of husbands had a major role in childcare; mothers were always responsible for security and well being, fathers had more menial tasks.
Which one of these results matched up to the study that were conducted by Warde and Hetherington, that supports that of Oakley's study of division of labour?
Sex-typing of domestic tasks remained strong
Men would carry out routine 'feminine' tasks when women were not around.
Young men agreed that they could do more to help out
True or False?
The Future Foundation (2000) studied 1000 adults and found that 60% of men claims to do more housework than their father and 75% of women claimed to do less than their mother.
Which one of these is the dual burden?
Paid work and domestic work
Which one of these is Marsden's theory of the triple burden/shift?
Paid, emotional and domestic work
Paid and domestic
Emotional and domestic
Man Yee Kan (2001) found that [blank_start]income[blank_end], employment, e[blank_start]ducation[blank_end] and [blank_start]age[blank_end] affect amount of housework: better paid, younger, educated women did less [blank_start]housework[blank_end]. (e.g. every £[blank_start]10,000[blank_end] increase in annual income [blank_start]reduces[blank_end] her weekly housework time by [blank_start]2[blank_end] hours.)
What are Gershuny's statistics and findings in trends towards inequality? (There are multiple answers, you need to select all of them.)
Wives who did not go to work did 83% of the housework and even part-time workers did 82%
Wives who work full-time did 73%. The larger she had been in paid work, the more housework her husband was likely to do.
Couples whose parents had a more equal relationship were likely to share housework more equally themselves. This is because of a gradual change in values and parental role models, social values adapting to women working.
60% women work.
85.4% of men do domestic work
True or false?
Crompton (1997) accepts Gershuny's theory but says more about economic factors (e.g. a women's earning power increases, does men's duty in the home.) However, women's earnings are only about 3/4 of men's- therefore, domestic tasks will remain unequal.
Select the options that were outlined by Silver and Schor in 1987 about Commercialisation of Housework.
Working class might not be able to benefit through commercialisation because they cannot afford it.
TV = Down time
H[blank_start]ochschild[blank_end] (1983) - Women more likely to be performing jobs involving [blank_start]emotional[blank_end] labour.
M[blank_start]organ[blank_end] (1997) - Women c[blank_start]aring[blank_end] for sick children.
Marsden - 'Triple shift'
Which Post-modentist sociologist outlined that lesbians are more equal as there are no gender differences or assumptions?