CST Study Guide Section 1 Pharmacology (UPDATED)

Juan Gomez
Quiz by Juan Gomez, updated more than 1 year ago
Juan Gomez
Created by Juan Gomez over 4 years ago
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1 CST Study Guides (CST Study Guides) Quiz on CST Study Guide Section 1 Pharmacology (UPDATED), created by Juan Gomez on 07/13/2016.
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Question 1

Question
Which stage of anesthesia causes loss of consciousness and eyelid reflex?
Answer
  • Stage I
  • Stage II
  • Stage III
  • Stage IV

Question 2

Question
Which of the following is referred to as the overdose stage of anesthesia?
Answer
  • Stage I
  • Stage II
  • Stage III
  • Stage IV

Question 3

Question
Which stage is referred to as the excitement stage of anesthesia?
Answer
  • Stage I
  • Stage II
  • Stage III
  • Stage IV

Question 4

Question
Stage I of anesthesia is considered the _______ stage?
Answer
  • Amnesia
  • Excitement
  • Overdose
  • Preinduction

Question 5

Question
In which stage of anesthesia does surgery take place?
Answer
  • Stage I (Amnesia stage)
  • Stage II (Delirium stage)
  • Stage III (Surgical anesthesia stage)
  • Stage IV (Overdose stage)

Question 6

Question
Which of the following is the correct order for general anesthesia phases?
Answer
  • Induction, maintenance, recovery, emergence
  • Induction, maintenance, emergence, recovery
  • Induction, recovery, maintenance, emergence
  • Maintenance, induction, emergence, recovery

Question 7

Question
What is the purpose of the Sellick's maneuver?
Answer
  • Increase the risk of aspiration
  • Reduces the risk of choking
  • Reduces bronchospasm
  • Reduces the chance of aspiration

Question 8

Question
Which of the following is NOT a regional anesthesia?
Answer
  • Nerve plexus block
  • Bier block
  • Spinal block
  • MAC block

Question 9

Question
To administer a Bier block what supply would be needed?
Answer
  • Tourniquet
  • Allen stirrup
  • Mayo-hegar needle holder
  • Scalpel

Question 10

Question
Where is the spinal block administered?
Answer
  • Muscle
  • Vertebrae column
  • Subarachnoid space
  • Nerve

Question 11

Question
Where is the epidural anesthesia administered?
Answer
  • Dural space of the vertebrae
  • Subarachnoid space
  • Muscle
  • Epidural space of the cavity

Question 12

Question
Which of the following is NOT an anesthesia agent?
Answer
  • Nitrous oxide
  • Oxygen
  • Sevoflurane
  • Desflurane

Question 13

Question
Which of the following is NOT an induction agent?
Answer
  • Ketamine hydrochloride
  • Propofol
  • Etomidate
  • Pentothal sodium

Question 14

Question
Which of the following is the most commonly used dissociative agent for surgery?
Answer
  • Pentothal sodium
  • Desflurane (Suprane)
  • Enflurane
  • Ketamine hydrochloride (Ketalar)

Question 15

Question
Which of the following anesthesia medications produce hypnosis and depress the CNS?
Answer
  • Pentothal and marcaine
  • Pentothal and sodium
  • Sodium and Xylocaine
  • Marcaine and Xylocaine

Question 16

Question
Which of the following are nerve conduction blockers?
Answer
  • Succinylcholine and ethrane
  • Xylocaine and succinylcholine
  • Xylocaine and marcaine
  • Ethrane and marcaine

Question 17

Question
Which of the following cause pupil dilation?
Answer
  • Cycloplegic drugs
  • Viscoelastic drugs
  • Mydriatic drugs
  • Both B and C

Question 18

Question
Which of the following solutions is similar to plasma?
Answer
  • Dextrose solution
  • Ringer's solution
  • Saline solution
  • Plasma solution

Question 19

Question
Which of the following are used to correct acidosis, electrolyte, and fluid imbalance?
Answer
  • Dextrose solution and saline solution
  • Ringer's solution and lactated ringer's solution
  • Ringer's solution and dextrose solution
  • Lactated ringer's solution and saline solution

Question 20

Question
When a patient has metabolic alkalosis what solution should be administered?
Answer
  • 0.9% saline solution
  • 5% dextrose solution
  • Lactated ringer's solution
  • None of the above

Question 21

Question
Which of the following can be used when a patient has large blood loss?
Answer
  • Whole blood
  • Packed red blood cells and plasma
  • Plasma
  • Whole blood and packed red blood cells

Question 22

Question
What condition would the blood expander, hespan, be used correctly?
Answer
  • Hypervolemia
  • Hypovolemia
  • Hypotension
  • Hypertension

Question 23

Question
During surgery the patient begins having the following signs and symptoms: tachycardia, increased levels of carbon dioxide, and unstable blood pressure, and muscular contracture, What condition is the patient more than likely presenting?
Answer
  • Malignant hyperthermia
  • Malignant hypothermia
  • Shock
  • Allergic reaction

Question 24

Question
Which of the following is a medication for malignant hyperthermia?
Answer
  • Lidocaine Hydrochloride
  • Mazicon
  • Keflex
  • Dantrolene

Question 25

Question
What treatment should be followed during surgery when a patient goes into malignant hyperthermia?
Answer
  • Stop anesthesia, administer dantrolene
  • Stop anesthesia, administer 100% oxygen, dantrolene, chilled IV fluids, and use chilled saline lavage
  • Increase anesthesia and oxygen and administer chilled saline lavage
  • Increase anesthesia and oxygen, administer chilled IV fluids and saline lavage

Question 26

Question
What fluid needs to be mixed with dantrolene prior to administering the dantrolene?
Answer
  • Injectable water
  • Sterile injectable saline
  • Sterile injectable water
  • Saline

Question 27

Question
What is the loading does of dantrolene?
Answer
  • 1 mg/kg
  • 2.0 mg/kg
  • 2.5 mg/kg
  • 3.5 mg/kg

Question 28

Question
What class of drug are opiates?
Answer
  • Class I
  • Class II
  • Class III
  • Class IV

Question 29

Question
Which of the following is used in the OR setting for pain management?
Answer
  • Xylocaine
  • Versed
  • Codeine
  • Keflex

Question 30

Question
Heparin and coumadin are found in which of the following category?
Answer
  • Antiemetics
  • Analgesics
  • Anti-arrhythmias
  • Anticoagulants

Question 31

Question
What do gelfoam, avitene, and surgicel do?
Answer
  • Stimulate clot breakdown
  • Decreases edema
  • Identifies lymph vessels
  • Stimulate clot formation

Question 32

Question
What solution is used to stain the cervical mucosa during a conization?
Answer
  • Ringer's solution
  • Lugol's solution
  • Dextrose solution
  • Lactated ringer's solution

Question 33

Question
Schiller's solution is used in which of the following procedures?
Answer
  • Conization
  • Colposcopy
  • Vulvectomy
  • Marsupialization

Question 34

Question
Which of the following anesthetic agents is called " milf of amnesia"?
Answer
  • Etomidate
  • Thiopental sodium
  • Propofol
  • Morphine sulfate

Question 35

Question
Which of the following is NOT a parenteral application of medication?
Answer
  • Intramuscular
  • Intrathecal
  • Buccal
  • Intracardiac

Question 36

Question
What is a solution prepared with water called?
Answer
  • Tincture solution
  • Aqueous solution
  • Emulsion
  • Elixir

Question 37

Question
What drug causes pupil dilation?
Answer
  • Mydriatic drugs
  • Cycloplegic drugs
  • Both A and B
  • None of the above

Question 38

Question
When the pupil needs to constricted what drug would be used?
Answer
  • Mydriatic drugs
  • Miotic drugs
  • Cycloplegic drugs
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs

Question 39

Question
When sensations of sensory and motor eye function need to blocked, What would the surgeon use?
Answer
  • Retrobulbar anesthesia
  • Halogenated anesthesia
  • Propofol
  • Thiopental sodium

Question 40

Question
Which of the following is not an eye lubricant?
Answer
  • BSS (Balanced Salt Solution)
  • Lacri-lube
  • Carbachol
  • Dura tears

Question 41

Question
What can be used to facilitate hemostasis at the surgical site?
Answer
  • Epinephrine
  • Lidocaine with saline
  • Lidocaine with epinephrine
  • Lidocaine

Question 42

Question
This is when a substance is enhanced by a chemical/drug?
Answer
  • Synergist
  • Agonist
  • Antagonist
  • Prphylaxis

Question 43

Question
This is used to prevent the agonist from working
Answer
  • Agonist
  • Antagonist
  • Prophylaxis
  • Synergist

Question 44

Question
This is the time it takes for medication to take effect
Answer
  • On set
  • Peak effect
  • Indication
  • Contraindication

Question 45

Question
This is the term used for the duration a medication is effective within the patient
Answer
  • Indication
  • Peak effect
  • On set
  • Duration

Question 46

Question
This is an effect that is expected as a result of a drug
Answer
  • Toxic effect
  • Side effect
  • Adverse effect
  • Therapeutic effect

Question 47

Question
This is the amount of a drug needed to produce the desired effect
Answer
  • Side effect
  • Toxic effect
  • Addictive effect
  • Therapeutic effect

Question 48

Question
This is when a medication produces a harmful effect to the patient
Answer
  • Adverse effect
  • Side effect
  • Therapeutic effect
  • Indicated effect

Question 49

Question
This is a term used when a patient needs a higher dosage of medication to produce the desired effect
Answer
  • Side effect
  • Therapeutic effect
  • Tolerance
  • Addictive effect

Question 50

Question
This is when a patient has a physiological or psychological dependency for a medication
Answer
  • Tolerance
  • Addiction
  • Need
  • Adversity

Question 51

Question
What is the meaning of NPO?
Answer
  • Note patients orders
  • Not per operation
  • Nothing by mouth
  • None of the above

Question 52

Question
This is when a substance is enhanced by a chemical/drug
Answer
  • Agonist
  • Synergist
  • Antagonist
  • Prophylaxis

Question 53

Question
This is when a medication produces a harmful effect to the patient
Answer
  • Adverse effect
  • Side effect
  • Therapeutic effect
  • Indicated effect

Question 54

Question
This is when a patient has a physiological or psychological dependency for a medication
Answer
  • Tolerance
  • Addiction
  • Need
  • Adversity

Question 55

Question
Which of the following suffixes is synonymous with the word pain?
Answer
  • -al
  • -itis
  • -osis
  • -algia

Question 56

Question
Which of the following is an air tight glass vessel commonly used to hold medications for hypordermic injections
Answer
  • Ampule
  • Vial
  • Syringe
  • None of the above

Question 57

Question
Which of the following refers to a medication that reduces or eliminates pain?
Answer
  • Antibiotic
  • Anticoagulant
  • Analgesic
  • Antihistamine

Question 58

Question
Which of the following refers to a drug that neutralizes the effects of another drug?
Answer
  • Agonist
  • Antagonist
  • Analgesic
  • None of the above

Question 59

Question
Which of the following refers to a medication used to kill microorganisms?
Answer
  • Antobiotic
  • Antihistamine
  • Analgesic
  • Anticoagulant

Question 60

Question
Which of the following refers to an agent used to prevent the formation of blood clots?
Answer
  • Coagulant
  • Insulin
  • Miotic
  • Anticoagulant

Question 61

Question
When two liquids are put together but will not mix it is called?
Answer
  • Semisolid
  • Aqueous
  • Emulsion
  • None of the above

Question 62

Question
What term is defined as an accumulation of fluid in the intercellular space
Answer
  • Swelling
  • Edema
  • Inflammation
  • All of the above

Question 63

Question
When the doctor hands off a tissue to be sent to pathology and it needs to be preserved, it is placed:
Answer
  • In formalin
  • In a non sterile medicine cup
  • In a sterile bowl
  • On a raytec

Question 64

Question
A mydriatic is a drug that
Answer
  • Causes the arteries to dilate
  • Causes the pupil to contrict
  • Causes the arteries to constrict
  • Causes the pupils to dilate

Question 65

Question
Miotic drugs make
Answer
  • The pupil dilate
  • The veins constrict
  • The veins dilate
  • The pupil contrict

Question 66

Question
The study of how drugs move, how they are absorbed, and excreted from the body
Answer
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Pharmacologist
  • Pharmacodynamics
  • All of the above

Question 67

Question
Which of the following is NOT a parenteral route of drug administration
Answer
  • Intramuscular
  • Intra-articular
  • Buccal
  • Intravenous

Question 68

Question
What term is defined as a sweetened aqueous solution?
Answer
  • Syrup
  • Tincture
  • Elixir
  • Emulsion

Question 69

Question
Which is prepared with alcohol?
Answer
  • Emulsion
  • Tincture
  • Aqueous
  • Syrup

Question 70

Question
What term is used for anesthesia vapors escaping the tubing and anesthesia machine?
Answer
  • Waste gas
  • Waste vapors
  • Waste anesthesia gases
  • None of the above

Question 71

Question
Which medication is used to prevent vasospasms?
Answer
  • Papaverine
  • Sodium heparin
  • Lidocaine
  • Epinephrine

Question 72

Question
What does tumescent liposuction involve?
Answer
  • A mixture of epinephrine, saline, and anesthetic
  • A mixture of local anesthetic, midazolam, and saline
  • A mixture of epinephrine, saline, midazolam, and wydase
  • A mixture of local anesthetic, epinephrine, saline, and wydase

Question 73

Question
How should gelfoam be prepared for a craniotomy?
Answer
  • Placed in saline
  • Placed in epinephrine
  • Placed in cocaine
  • Placed in thrombin
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