karlamcrae
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chapters 1,2 and 3

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karlamcrae
Created by karlamcrae over 5 years ago
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Question 1

Question
1. As opposed to rehabilitation, remediation of a loss of physical function means to
Answer
  • restore the original function
  • maintain what function remains.
  • correct the problem through alternative means.
  • accept the loss of one function but strengthen those that remain.

Question 2

Question
The term morbidity refers to
Answer
  • high risk behaviors
  • the incidence of unhealthy though patterns.
  • the process of death
  • illness and disease

Question 3

Question
The traditional American approach to health care is
Answer
  • multidimensional.
  • preventive.
  • holistic
  • episodic

Question 4

Question
4. Which of the following BEST illustrates the traditional American approach to health care?
Answer
  • an emphasis on disease prevention
  • Seeing doctors only when sick or injured
  • Eliminating high-risk behaviors from your lifestyle
  • taking advantage of your school or company’s fitness center

Question 5

Question
5. The goal of preventive medicine is to
Answer
  • identify and reduce risk factors in the patient’s life.
  • promote managed health care over traditional insurance.
  • prevent people from having to visit doctors
  • treat illness.

Question 6

Question
6. Of the following, which is not one of the central goals proposed by Healthy People 2020?
Answer
  • Promote healthy development and healthy behaviors across every stage of life.
  • An increasing acceptance of integrative forms of health care including reflexology and herbal-ism.
  • Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups.
  • Eliminate preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death.

Question 7

Question
7. Which term BEST describes the process in which individuals or groups gain increasing control over their health?
Answer
  • wellness
  • holistic health
  • empowerment
  • health promotion

Question 8

Question
8. Which of the following BEST illustrates group-oriented health promotion as described in your text?
Answer
  • A small rural town attracts a new physicians’ clinic.
  • A city receives federal funding to establish an AIDS awareness campaign.
  • A new neighborhood is designed so that parks, stores, and medical clinics are easilyreached by walking or by bus
  • An inner-city neighborhood creates Volunteer groups to clean up parks, Organize a crime watch program, and offer youth sports leagues.

Question 9

Question
9. During which of Prochaska’s Stages of Change would an individual think about making a change in behavior but have no actual intention of stopping in the next few months?
Answer
  • Preparation Stage
  • Precontemplation Stage
  • Contemplation Stage
  • Termination Stage

Question 10

Question
10. According to the text, to define health,
Answer
  • one must first understand the dynamics of illness and death.
  • it is important to focus on illness prevention and the postponement of death.
  • it is important to look past illness prevention and the postponement of death.
  • none of these is correct.

Question 11

Question
11. Rodney has been in his first job only two months, but already some of his colleagues dislike He doesn't mean any harm; he just says what’s on his mind. In which of the following areas does Rodney need improvement?
Answer
  • independence
  • responsibility
  • social skills
  • intimacy

Question 12

Question
12. Unlike most other concepts of health, holistic health considers (Blank) to be part of overall health
Answer
  • tolerance for risk
  • your attitudes about your health
  • others’ perceptions of your health
  • Intellectual and spiritual dimensions

Question 13

Question
13. Your body weight, visual ability, strength, and level of susceptibility to disease are components of which dimension of health
Answer
  • physical
  • emotional
  • social
  • occupational

Question 14

Question
14. Your ability to cope with stress, remain flexible, and compromise to resolve conflict encompasses which dimension of health?
Answer
  • intellectual
  • emotional
  • spiritual
  • social

Question 15

Question
15. People who have good emotional health tend to
Answer
  • be more dominant in social situations
  • accept rejection without complaint.
  • enjoy life more
  • enjoy conflict

Question 16

Question
16. Your ability to process information, clarify values and beliefs, and exercise decision-making ability lies primarily in which dimension of health?
Answer
  • social
  • spiritual
  • physical
  • intellectual

Question 17

Question
17. The dimension of health that focuses on your relation to others, the nature of human behavior, and your willingness to serve others is the (Blank) dimension
Answer
  • social
  • spiritual
  • physical
  • intellectual

Question 18

Question
18. This dimension of health encompasses the ability to interact comfortably in diverse settings.
Answer
  • social
  • physical
  • intellectual
  • spiritual

Question 19

Question
19. The significant contribution that the occupational dimension makes to the wellness movement is that it
Answer
  • affords many people material needs
  • Defines for many importance of the workplace to their sense of well being
  • allows many people to fill their days without boredom
  • adds to the gross national product of the united states

Question 20

Question
1. Which of the following is the BEST indication of an emotionally healthy person?
Answer
  • a tendency to respond to every situation, good or bad, with humor
  • an ability to remain calm and in control of one’s emotions in every situation
  • a tendency to show a range of emotions that reflect life's “ups and downs”
  • a tendency to restrain one’s happiness, knowing that bad experiences can happen at any time

Question 21

Question
2. Which of the following examples of humor MOST clearly signifies emotional wellness?
Answer
  • when it is only used to poke fun at others
  • when you can recognize the humor in everyday life
  • when it is restrained and carefully considered
  • when it is only used to poke fun at oneself

Question 22

Question
3. April feels shy and often lonely when she attends parties. She should
Answer
  • develop her communication skills.
  • attend the party with people she is acquainted with
  • have one or two drinks to make herself feel better.
  • only attend a party if she knows the people who will be there

Question 23

Question
4. How are communication skills related to emotional health?
Answer
  • Good communication skills are indicators of good social interactions.
  • Emotionally healthy people must excel at communication.
  • Communication skills are based on emotional health.
  • There is no correlation between the two.

Question 24

Question
5. Which of the following is FALSE regarding nonverbal communication?
Answer
  • it is what is communicated by facial expression and body posture
  • the way in which you breathe is a form of nonverbal communication.
  • it is not a powerful means of communication
  • It is the more important aspect of the message being communicated.

Question 25

Question
6. Which of the following is an important principle for effective verbal communication?
Answer
  • Speak quickly to give your message more impact.
  • If your argument is weak, raise your voice
  • Provide as many details as possible.
  • Start on a positive note.

Question 26

Question
7. When you have important message to communicate, it is most essential that you
Answer
  • Take the time to think before speaking
  • forceful
  • seek feedback.
  • adopt a conversational tone.

Question 27

Question
8. Which of the following would NOT be included in nonverbal communication‘?
Answer
  • facial cues
  • the environment
  • body posture
  • eye contact

Question 28

Question
9. Which of the following has been cited as one of the MOST important sources of nonverbal communication‘?
Answer
  • body posture
  • personal space
  • eye contact
  • facial expressions

Question 29

Question
10. Seth was upset at John’s lack of consideration regarding a shared project at work. Seth wanted to share his feelings about the situation with John. As they talked, Seth realized that the conversation was becoming volatile and heated. What conflict management technique should Seth use?
Answer
  • Seth should acknowledge John’s feelings.
  • Seth should watch his body posture.
  • Seth and John should agree to discuss this matter at another time
  • Seth should use assertive communication.

Question 30

Question
11. Abraham Maslow proposed that emotional growth occurs as one’s(blank) are satisfied.
Answer
  • emotions
  • metaneeds
  • basic needs
  • long-range goals

Question 31

Question
12. In Maslow’s concept of emotional growth, the highest level of growth is
Answer
  • self- denial.
  • self- realization.
  • Self- actualization
  • self- determination.

Question 32

Question
13. The first requirement in Maslow’s hierarchy to be met is
Answer
  • safety needs.
  • self-esteem needs.
  • belonging and love.
  • physiological needs.

Question 33

Question
14. According to Maslow, spirituality, creativity, and curiosity are considered
Answer
  • metaneeds.
  • basic needs.
  • essential needs.
  • fundamental needs.

Question 34

Question
15. Your friend Walter recently lost his job and his apartment. He is living temporarily with his parents and seems quite cynical. According to Maslow’s theory, what would be the best way you could help him start to rebuild his self-esteem?
Answer
  • Help Walter find a job and a place to live
  • Direct Walter’s attention to transcendent things
  • Take Walter out to dinner so that he can forget his troubles
  • Introduce Walter to a young woman you think would find him attractive

Question 35

Question
16. According to the authors, which of the following is seen as one of the MOST important traits of a creative person?
Answer
  • nonconformity
  • persistence
  • independence
  • curiosity

Question 36

Question
17. People who are creative tend to possess which of the following characteristics
Answer
  • confidence.
  • persistence.
  • humor.
  • spirituality.

Question 37

Question
18. Which of the following people is MOST likely to be labeled creative? One who
Answer
  • is not detail oriented.
  • is always very well organized.
  • likes to solve problems.
  • likes to be in charge.

Question 38

Question
19. An important benefit of spirituality is that it
Answer
  • keeps you humble.
  • discourages the use of drugs.
  • has been found to increase your psychological wellness.
  • provides a basis on which to judge the behavior of others.

Question 39

Question
20. People with spiritual health
Answer
  • tend to be self-absorbed
  • seek meaning and purpose in their lives
  • tend to be anxious individuals
  • tend to be egocentric

Question 40

Question
21. One of the benefits of mindfulness is that it enables you to
Answer
  • plan your day without interruptions.
  • accept yourself and your experience
  • complete a simple chore.
  • concentrate on your breathing.

Question 41

Question
22. Pessimism and low self-esteem tend to result from
Answer
  • personalization.
  • permanence.
  • pervasiveness.
  • learned helplessness.

Question 42

Question
23. When an individual views a task as being hard, anticipates failing at that task, and subsequently performs poorly, they are experiencing which of the following
Answer
  • permanence
  • pessimism
  • low self-esteem
  • learned helplessness

Question 43

Question
24. When you personalize events, you
Answer
  • blame oneself and have an internal explanatory style for negative events.
  • blame others and have an external explanatory style for negative events.
  • see yourself the way others see you.
  • change how you view the world.

Question 44

Question
25. Which of the following chemicals is said to be deficient in people with depression?
Answer
  • melatonin
  • ACTH
  • beta endorphins
  • serotonin

Question 45

Question
26. Your roommate Celine is normally an active person, but over the last two weeks she has remained in the apartment for several days. She won't talk to her friends when they call, and she seems to have no appetite. Celine is most likely suffering from
Answer
  • schizophrenia
  • bipolar disorder
  • clinical depression
  • general anxiety disorder.

Question 46

Question
27. The drug Prozac is
Answer
  • most commonly used to treat bipolar disorder.
  • highly effective, but also known for its many side effects.
  • a highly effective antidepressant.
  • being replaced in most cases by newer, more effective medications.

Question 47

Question
28. Ellen is always moody and tired most days between late December and early April. She is most likely suffering from
Answer
  • seasonal affective disorder.
  • primary depression.
  • major depression.
  • dysthymia.

Question 48

Question
29. Common symptoms of seasonal affective disorder include which of the following?
Answer
  • increased sex drive
  • fatigue
  • weight loss
  • insomnia

Question 49

Question
30. Which of the following is TRUE regarding suicide?
Answer
  • Suicide is the leading cause of death for young adults 15-to-24 years old.
  • Asian Americans are the highest risk group to complete suicide.
  • Women tend to use more lethal methods to commit suicide than men
  • Suicide occurs more often among middle-aged Americans.

Question 50

Question
31. Bipolar disorder was previously known as
Answer
  • Major depression
  • manic depression
  • dysthymic depression.
  • obsessive- compulsive disorder.

Question 51

Question
32. Mel was recently found on a rooftop claiming that he could fly. The next time you saw him, he did not even get out of bed, claiming he was worthless and would be better off dead. Several days later, police catch Mel driving at high speeds in the wrong direction on a freeway. Mel’s behavior is most characteristic of
Answer
  • bipolar disorder
  • ma]or depression
  • general anxiety disorder.
  • obsessive compulsive disorder.

Question 52

Question
33. Which of the following statements about suicide in the United States is MOST accurate?
Answer
  • Suicide is more a problem of the elderly than of young people.
  • Suicidal tendencies are distinctly different from other emotional disorders.
  • suicidal symptoms include feelings of depression and helplessness
  • Suicidal symptoms are hard to identify because they are usually well hidden.

Question 53

Question
34. Which of the following is NOT a risk factor associated with suicidal behavior?
Answer
  • having little or no support system
  • possessing a firearm
  • having a problem with drugs or alcohol
  • being easily distracted and irritated

Question 54

Question
35. Bipolar disorder is MOST commonly treated with
Answer
  • drug therapy and psychotherapy.
  • shock therapy and lithium.
  • counseling only.
  • family and group therapy.

Question 55

Question
36. Your friend Sue is talking about committing suicide. Which intervention strategy should you use to help her? You should
Answer
  • assume she is not serious and change the topic of discussion.
  • avoid the subject completely because it might upset her more.
  • stay with her until you can get further assistance.
  • argue with her that things are not that bad.

Question 56

Question
37. Charlyce is always tired, tense, overreacts, and is always fearful things will go wrong. Her behavior is most characteristic of
Answer
  • acrophobia.
  • bipolar disorder.
  • a panic disorder.
  • generalized anxiety disorder.

Question 57

Question
38. Which of the following statements about generalized anxiety disorder is MOST accurate?
Answer
  • People with this disorder can easily mask their symptoms.
  • People with this disorder tend to be lethargic and unresponsive to others.
  • People with this disorder appear to worry all the time about everything
  • People treated for this disorder are typically cured

Question 58

Question
39. Carey has experienced intense and frequent bouts of excessive worrying over everything for the past six months. She is an individual with
Answer
  • panic disorder.
  • generalized anxiety disorder.
  • agoraphobia.
  • post- traumatic stress disorder.

Question 59

Question
40. An emotional episode that features rapid pulse, heavy sweating, shortness of breath, nausea, and the feeling of being out of control is probably a(n)
Answer
  • panic attack.
  • defense reaction
  • obsessive-compulsive episode.
  • endogenous-depression episode.

Question 60

Question
41. Which of the following is FALSE regarding panic disorders?
Answer
  • Many panic disorder sufferers feel as if they are about to die or are losing control.
  • A panic attack could last a few minutes or a few hours.
  • symptoms of a panic attack can mirror that of a heart attack.
  • sufferers generally perform repetitive behavior to reduce the panic attack

Question 61

Question
42. The MOST effective treatment for panic disorders is
Answer
  • drug therapy.
  • counseling.
  • stress management techniques.
  • all of the above choices.

Question 62

Question
43. A person who does unreasonable things like constantly washing his hands or constantly checking locks is MOST likely showing signs of
Answer
  • major depression.
  • suicidal tendencies.
  • dysthymic depression.
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder

Question 63

Question
44. Aleesha was suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder, but recently has been doing much better. Which of the following is MOST likely? She
Answer
  • underwent microsurgery.
  • underwent shock therapy.
  • was removed from her old environment.
  • is receiving behavioral and drug therapy

Question 64

Question
45. Michael believes he was kidnapped by aliens. He said he reported his kidnapping to the FBI, but they ignored him. Much of his conversation is impossible to understand. Michael is MOST likely suffering from
Answer
  • schizophrenia.
  • panic disorder.
  • general anxiety disorder.
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Question 65

Question
46. One of the defining characteristics of schizophrenia is
Answer
  • the repetition of meaningless behaviors.
  • profound distortions in one’s personality.
  • a tendency to argue with everyone.
  • suicidal impulses.

Question 66

Question
47. Which of the following statements about the treatment of schizophrenia is MOST accurate?
Answer
  • New techniques in psychotherapy have made treatments very effective.
  • Recent advances in drug therapy have made treatments very effective.
  • Most forms of the disorder respond to treatment similarly.
  • there is no cure for schizophrenia

Question 67

Question
48. Unlike other mental health professionals, psychiatrists are
Answer
  • medical doctors.
  • holders of doctorate degrees.
  • qualified to practice psychotherapy
  • grouped according to their sub-specialties.

Question 68

Question
49. Biological and medical interventions are used by
Answer
  • counselors.
  • psychiatrists.
  • psychologists.
  • psychiatric social workers.

Question 69

Question
50. Which of the following mental health care providers has a doctoral-level degree in counseling or clinical psychology?
Answer
  • counselor
  • psychiatrist
  • psychologist
  • social worker

Question 70

Question
51. Which of the following is TRUE regarding counselors? They
Answer
  • can write prescriptions for their patients.
  • treat psychological disorders using behavioral therapy.
  • tend to focus less on talking about a patient‘s problem.
  • can specialize in areas such as substance abuse treatment, marriage and family therapy, andvocational rehabilitation.

Question 71

Question
52. Psycho-dynamic therapy is based upon the belief that
Answer
  • faulty thinking patterns are the root of all problems.
  • treatment must focus on changing an individual’s thoughts.
  • effective treatment must focus on psychological forces underlying a patient’s problems.
  • effective treatment is based upon the learned optimism paradigm.

Question 72

Question
53. The therapy that is based upon the belief that people, left to their own devices, will naturally grow in positive and constructive ways is termed
Answer
  • humanistic therapy
  • solution-based therapy.
  • cognitive therapy.
  • naturalistic therapy.

Question 73

Question
54. Which of the following is TRUE regarding behavior therapy?
Answer
  • The therapy sessions are very expensive.
  • It focuses on the person’s childhood years only.
  • It is a form of client-centered therapy.
  • It focuses on behavior modification rather than one’s thoughts.

Question 74

Question
55. Which form of therapy is especially effective in treating anxiety, eating, and mood disorders?
Answer
  • behavioral therapy
  • cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • dynamic therapy
  • group therapy

Question 75

Question
56. Which of the following BEST describes cognitive-behavioral therapy? It 57. In which type of therapy are clients encouraged to envision a future in which their problems are no longer a dominant force in their lives? A) dynamic B) supportive C) behavioral D) solution—focused 58. Which of the following statements about group therapy is MOST accurate? It A) is less effective than 0ne—on-one types of therapy. B) is not a technique in itself, only an alternative to individual therapy. C) is an effective approach for group members to understand one another’s experiences and support one another D) is least effective in treating problems such as chemical dependency and eating disorders.
Answer
  • focuses on changing thoughts in order to change a behavior
  • features probing the unconscious mind for solutions to problems.
  • uses peer education to help discover solutions to problems.
  • features “acting out" one’s emotions to dispel them.

Question 76

Question
57. In which type of therapy are clients encouraged to envision a future in which their problems are no longer a dominant force in their lives?
Answer
  • supportive
  • behavioral
  • solution—focused
  • Dynamic

Question 77

Question
58. Which of the following statements about group therapy is MOST accurate? It
Answer
  • is less effective than 0ne—on-one types of therapy.
  • is not a technique in itself, only an alternative to individual therapy.
  • is an effective approach for group members to understand one another’s experiences and support one another
  • is least effective in treating problems such as chemical dependency and eating disorders.

Question 78

Question
1. Which of the following is TRUE regarding stress’?
Answer
  • it refers to physiological and emotional responses to an insignificant change or disruption
  • Patients suffering from it have varied and unexpected symptoms.
  • It is almost always a response to a negative event.
  • It is a physiological or psychological response to a significant or unexpected change or disruption in one’s life.

Question 79

Question
2. The sequence involving the alarm, resistance, and exhaustion stages of the stress response is referred to as the
Answer
  • general stress response.
  • general adaptation syndrome
  • general response syndrome
  • toxic shock syndrome.

Question 80

Question
3. The biggest factor in determining whether you experience stress as positive or negative is
Answer
  • how you respond to it
  • whether you were expecting it.
  • whether it involves physical pain.
  • whether the stressor is physical or emotional.

Question 81

Question
4. Selye used the term eustress to describe
Answer
  • the most unpleasant form of stress
  • the first stage in the stress reaction
  • stress resulting from pleasant events in one life
  • stress whose onset is delayed following exposure to a stressor.

Question 82

Question
5. Long-lasting stress or experiencing multiple stressors simultaneously
Answer
  • enhances the body’s immune system.
  • has little effect on overall health.
  • increases 0ne’s quality of life.
  • compromises the immune system.

Question 83

Question
6. Selye’s term for stress resulting from unpleasant events or conditions is called
Answer
  • terminal stress.
  • constress.
  • anastress.
  • distress.

Question 84

Question
7. Which of the following is TRUE?
Answer
  • Negative stressors weaken body systems, while positive stressors do not.
  • Positive stressors have cardiovascular benefits, while negative stressors do not.
  • The heart rate is more elevated when a stressor is negative than when it is positive.
  • the physiological reaction to stress is similar whether a stressor is positive or negative

Question 85

Question
8. At its most basic, the purpose of the stress response is to enable the body to deal with
Answer
  • unanticipated conflicts only.
  • perceived threats and dangers.
  • other people’s problems
  • personal responsibilities.

Question 86

Question
9. The fight or flight response occurs during which stage of Selye’s general adaptation syndrome?
Answer
  • alarm
  • recovery
  • resistance
  • exhaustion

Question 87

Question
10. Juwan always gets sweaty palms and a rapid heartbeat before a wrestling match, even though he loves wrestling. Which of the following BEST explains his physical reactions?
Answer
  • Juwan's subconscious is telling him not to wrestle
  • his body is preparing for the fight or flight response
  • His reactions are abnonnal for a veteran wrestler; he should see a physician.
  • Juwan’s body is automatically preparing for the match.

Question 88

Question
11. At what point in the stress response is something perceived as a stressor?
Answer
  • when the brain decides that it is a stressor
  • when the endocrine system releases epinephrine
  • when it is first detected by the central nervous system
  • when the heart rate has increased 50 percent over the resting heart rate

Question 89

Question
12. Which of the following is needed by the body to free up energy stores in response to stress?
Answer
  • epinephrine
  • ACTH
  • cortisol
  • adrenaline

Question 90

Question
13. Selye’s general adaptation syndrome refers to
Answer
  • how the body typically reacts to stressors
  • the bodys tendency to fatigue upon continued exposure to a stressor.
  • a condition in which the body is no longer able to respond to stressors.
  • the body’s response to repeated negative stressors.

Question 91

Question
14. The body‘s attempt to reestablish internal equilibrium occurs in which stage of Selye‘s general adaptation syndrome?
Answer
  • alarm
  • recovery
  • resistance
  • exhaustion

Question 92

Question
15. The three stages of Selye’s general adaptation syndrome, in order, are
Answer
  • alarm, resistance, recovery
  • alarm, reception, resistance
  • alarm, resistance, exhaustion
  • reception, resistance, recovery

Question 93

Question
16. The purpose of the second stage in Selye’s general adaptation syndrome is to
Answer
  • explain how prolonged stress eventually causes body systems to break down.
  • lower the intensity of the body’s initial reaction to the stressor.
  • increase hormonal and nervous system functions.
  • prepare the body for the fight or flight response.

Question 94

Question
17. What is the name of the body structure that initiates the stress response for the hormonal and nervous systems?
Answer
  • adrenal gland
  • hypothalamus
  • pituitary gland
  • cerebral cortex

Question 95

Question
18. The hormone that prepares the body for the stress response by increasing metabolic rate, heart rate, and muscular tension, is called
Answer
  • ACTH.
  • glycogen
  • epinephrine.
  • pituitary hormone.

Question 96

Question
19. The basic role of the alarm stage in the stress response is to
Answer
  • prevent the onset of exhaustion.
  • trigger the fight-or-flight response.
  • restore equilibrium as soon as possible.
  • protect the body from chronic stress.

Question 97

Question
20. Epinephrine is secreted from the
Answer
  • cerebral cortex.
  • pituitary gland.
  • adrenal glands.
  • hypothalamus.

Question 98

Question
21. Which of the following is the BEST example of a stressor?
Answer
  • John breaking into a sweat after a bad scare
  • Tomas pulling his hand away from a hot stove
  • Margo starting a new job
  • Seymore tapping his pencil nervously during an important test

Question 99

Question
22. Tina had a hard first week in her stressful job. In subsequent weeks, she learned to cope with the pressure; now, however, she has begun to suffer from stress-related illnesses. According to Selye's general adaptation syndrome, why is this happening to Tina?
Answer
  • Selye’s model does not address this situation.
  • Tina never actually learned to cope with the pressure.
  • Tina’s body’s ability to cope with the pressure is getting exhausted
  • The illnesses began during the first week, but the symptoms were masked.

Question 100

Question
23. Which of the following is TRUE about stress and immune system function?
Answer
  • Prolonged stress diminishes the immune response.
  • Early in the stress response, white blood cell activity is suppressed.
  • Frequent exposure to stressors can strengthen the immune system.
  • Frequent exposure to stressors builds an immunity to stress.

Question 101

Question
24. Of the following, which is NOT a problem commonly associated with stress?
Answer
  • Cardiovascular problems
  • Gastrointestinal problems
  • Jaw problems
  • Joint pain

Question 102

Question
25. What role does negative stress play in disease process? Stress
Answer
  • does not cause disease, it simply makes disease symptoms worse
  • weakens the body, making it more susceptible to disease
  • stimulates the proliferation of viruses in a host.
  • has no role in disease transmission

Question 103

Question
26. Clare has been under stress for the last three weeks. Which of the following Is she Likely to experience?
Answer
  • nasal drip
  • difficulty sleeping
  • rapid digestion
  • excess salivation

Question 104

Question
27. Which of the following is TRUE regarding how stress impacts the physical aspect of the body?
Answer
  • Stress impacts your psychological health more than your physical health.
  • The more stressed you are, the better physically you are able to cope with stress
  • Stress can cause your immune system to be compromised.
  • Constant exposure to stress causes the stress reaction to occur less often.

Question 105

Question
28. A moderate level of stress in our lives
Answer
  • would still produce stress related illnesses.
  • is positive and beneficial.
  • would increase absenteeism in the workplace.
  • would cause industrial accidents to increase.

Question 106

Question
29. The bell-shaped curve demonstrating that there is an optimal level of stress for peak performance is the
Answer
  • Yerkes-Dodson Law
  • Performance Stressor Curve.
  • Youngly-Starr Law.
  • Kelly-Smith Law.

Question 107

Question
30. Janie has been away at school for a month and is beginning to feel homesick. What strategy can she use to combat this feeling? She should
Answer
  • go home every weekend.
  • decide that living away is not for her and move home.
  • get involved with social activities at her school.
  • take a more vested interest in academic work to help pass the time.

Question 108

Question
31. Alicia has a child and is trying to balance school, work, and her child. What advice do the authors suggest for her? She
Answer
  • should drop out of school until her child is old enough to start preschool
  • needs to manage her time well and have a strong support system.
  • should cut back on her classes she takes at school.
  • should ask her employer for a raise to cover day care expenses so she will have more time for her other responsibilities.

Question 109

Question
32. You have studied for the test and feel you are prepared. You look at the first question and suddenly your mind goes blank. The harder you try to think, the more stressed you get. You are experiencing
Answer
  • sudden cognitive stress syndrome.
  • academic paralysis of analysis.
  • test anxiety
  • poor test preparation anxiety.

Question 110

Question
33. Your professor has assigned an oral presentation that is a significant proportion of your grade. Although you must present it at the end of the semester, you are already getting anxious. What should you do to help cope with your speech anxiety?
Answer
  • Wait to the last minute to prepare; that way, you don’t have to worry about it now.
  • Volunteer to go last; that way, maybe your professor will cut you a break.
  • Tell the professor ion have a fear of public speaking.
  • practice frequently in front of a mirror and in front of friends

Question 111

Question
34. Joshua recently graduated from college, but has been unable to find a job. He currently lives at home with his parents and siblings. His father was recently laid off, and the family has been unable to keep up on their expenses. Things are tense around the house. What is the major source of stress for Joshua and his family?
Answer
  • relationship problems
  • academics
  • the economy
  • technology

Question 112

Question
35. One of the procedures your text recommends for managing your time is to
Answer
  • get out of bed earlier.
  • analyze how you are spending your time.
  • Divide your time into five-minute blocks.
  • try to get a start on several new activities daily.

Question 113

Question
36. Keith fits his studies into whatever time slots are open in a day. He is not happy with his grades. What must he do FIRST to improve his studies? He must
Answer
  • ask his instructor for help.
  • cut back on recreation.
  • determine how much time he really spends studying.
  • group his current study periods into fewer, larger blocks.

Question 114

Question
37. An individual procrastinates because he or she
Answer
  • is lazy and unmotivated. '
  • has too much time on his or her hands.
  • is able to performing better on a task if he or she waits.
  • is delaying the task because he or she dreads doing it. ,

Question 115

Question
38. Which of the following is FALSE regarding perfectionists? They
Answer
  • tend to be stressed individuals.
  • tend to be their own worse critics
  • focus on what they have accomplished
  • Have difficulty with criticism or negative feedback.

Question 116

Question
39. The goal of coping with techniques is to
Answer
  • resolve your problems and alleviate stress
  • eliminate stressors.
  • reduce the body’s reactions to stressors.
  • change negative stressors to positive stressors.

Question 117

Question
40. Which of the following is TRUE regarding sleep and stress?
Answer
  • Sleeping too much is an effective stress management technique.
  • Getting too little sleep has virtually no effect on stress.
  • Normal circadian rhythms are important aspects to effective stress management.
  • Sleeping 12-14 hours significantly reduces the amount of stress you have.

Question 118

Question
41. Which of the following best describes why exercise is an effective stress management technique?
Answer
  • Exercise allows you to exert maximum effort that reduces stress.
  • Exercise can alleviate stress through the release of endorphin's.
  • Aerobic exercise requires shallow breathing, which is the key to stress management.
  • Exercise increases the amount of adrenalin released that reduces the stress response.

Question 119

Question
42. Which of the following coping techniques is based on detecting the difference between contracted and relaxed muscles?
Answer
  • quieting
  • self-hypnosis
  • the relaxation response
  • progressive muscle relaxation