Environmental Health Quiz!

Sami-Jaine
Quiz by , created about 6 years ago

BSc (Hons) Environmental Health Quiz on Environmental Health Quiz!, created by Sami-Jaine on 05/03/2013.

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Sami-Jaine
Created by Sami-Jaine about 6 years ago
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Question 1

Question
WHO states that Air Pollution is...
Answer
  • The contamination of indoor/outdoor environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere
  • The contamination of the outdoor environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere
  • The contamination of the indoor environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere
  • The contamination of indoor/outdoor environment by chemical agents that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere

Question 2

Question
Which of the following do WHO (2013) describe as sources or air pollution?
Answer
  • opening tins of baked beans
  • household combustion devices
  • motor vehicles
  • electric wheelchairs
  • industrial facilities
  • forest fires

Question 3

Question
Which of the following pollutants of major public health concern as described by WHO (2013)?
Answer
  • particulate matter 40 and particulate matter 10
  • particulate matter 10 and particulate matter 2.5
  • carbon monoxide
  • carbon dioxide
  • nitrogen dioxide
  • sulphur dioxide
  • ozone

Question 4

Question
Climate change, acid rain and ozone layer damage are consequences of air pollution because
Answer
  • air pollution is transboundary
  • air pollution stops abides by country air space laws creating environmental problems for only that country

Question 5

Question
What two principles are embedded into The Rio Convention, Agenda 21, The Air Quality Framework Directive (EU), The Kyoto Protocol and The Montreal Protocol?
Answer
  • The Preemptive Principle and the Polluter Plays Principle
  • The Precautionary Principle and the Polluter Pays Principle
  • The Precautionary Principle and the Principle of Non-contradiction
  • The Precautionary Principle and the Isle of Man College Principal, Ronald Barr

Question 6

Question
"A property or situation that in particular circumstances could lead to harm" What does this describe?
Answer
  • Chelsea winger, Eden Hazard
  • Hazard Community and Technical College, Kentucky
  • A Hazard

Question 7

Question
A risk defines:
Answer
  • the probability that a good situation could occur in a give period of time
  • the joint between your hand and arm
  • the probability that and adverse situation could occur in a give period of time

Question 8

Question
Risk Assessment is defined as a study of decisions to uncertain consequences. It involves which 5 stages out of the following...
Answer
  • identification of outcomes
  • estimation of probability of outcomes
  • informing public health
  • identification of risks
  • assessing the significance of risk
  • estimation of magnitude of consequences

Question 9

Question
"linking risk estimation and evaluation to implementation of decisions to minimise risk" describes what?
Answer
  • Risk Management
  • Risk Aversion
  • Risky Business
  • Risk Quotiant

Question 10

Question
What does the Food Safety Act (1990) say to not do which three of the following?
Answer
  • Render food injurious to health
  • Sell food which is not of the nature/substance/quality expected
  • Sell food without a best before date
  • Sell food not complying with food safety requirements
  • Sell alcohol with ingredients listed on the container

Question 11

Question
The Food Safety Authority inspect and enforce the Food Safety Act (1990) through their three groups; the Food Safety Policy Group, the Enforcement and Food Standards Group and the Corporate Resources and Strategy Group. True or False?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
An activity which involves obtaining information about EMPLOYEES health and which helps protect employees from health risks describes what feature of environmental health?
Answer
  • Health Surveillance
  • Screening
  • Health Promotion

Question 13

Question
Which 3 of the following best describe the goals of Health Surveillance?
Answer
  • Protecting the health of employers by early detection of adverse changes or disease
  • Collecting data for detecting or evaluating health hazards
  • To look out for industrial diseases employers may be responsible for.
  • Protecting the health of employees by early detection of adverse changes or disease
  • Evaluating control measures.

Question 14

Question
The assumptions of public health are: 1. there is a disease associated with the substance in use (e.g. Asthma, Dermatitis, Cancers); 2. it is possible to detect the disease or adverse change and reduce the risk of further harm; 3. the conditions in the workplace make it likely that the disease will appear. ...True or False?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
What involves studying of factors and influences of the frequency and distribution of disease, injury, and other health-related events and their causes?
Answer
  • Ethology
  • Epidemiology
  • Edaphology

Question 16

Question
What is "an event, characteristic or condition that precedes a disease without which the disease or condition would not have occurred"?
Answer
  • Cause
  • Risk
  • Consequence

Question 17

Question
What is "attribute or circumstance that effects the liability of an individual to be exposed or when exposed to develop the disease or condition"?
Answer
  • A Variable
  • A Determinant
  • A Risk

Question 18

Question
What is "a factor significantly associated both with the cause and disease in the population, but not the cause itself e.g. smoking/cancer"?
Answer
  • Risk
  • Cause
  • Confounding Variable

Question 19

Question
An Absolute Risk can be described as "incidence of disease within a defined population"; True or False?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
The difference between incidence rates in exposed and non-exposed groups is known as...
Answer
  • A Risk
  • An Attributable Risk

Question 21

Question
Do Descriptive Studies "Demonstrates patterns of disease and associations within a population. They can track mortality or morbidity over time and compare incidence/prevalence between regions or groups with different characteristics e.g. occupation"?
Answer
  • No
  • Yes

Question 22

Question
Read the following: "Data can be analysed from data that is routinely collected, however specific studies are sometime required to obtain data using surveys, as routine data collection might not be in a usable format, have variations in diagnostic criteria and have gaps or inconsistencies. Designed studies must be aware of error and bias, including subject variation, observer variation and limitations of the surveying methodologies including sample size, validity and randomness." Does this best describe pros and cons of:
Answer
  • Descriptive Studies
  • Illustrative Studies

Question 23

Question
What does the following best describe: "Longitudinal study where a group/population is identified as being possibly exposed to an agent under investigation. It may take many years and aims to identify the characteristics of those who develop the disease?"
Answer
  • Cohort Study
  • Case-Control Study

Question 24

Question
What does the following best describe: "Longitudinal study where a group/population is identified as being possibly exposed to an agent under investigation. It may take many years and aims to identify the characteristics of those who develop the disease?"
Answer
  • Cohort Study
  • Case-control Study

Question 25

Question
There are four main pieces of legislation/directives associated with food safety. Select four.
Answer
  • Food Act (1997)
  • Food Hygiene Regulations (2007)
  • The Food Law (2012)
  • Foodstuffs Directive (89/397/ECC)
  • The "Scoffing Omnomnom" Directive (09/121/ECC)
  • Food Standards Act (1999)

Question 26

Question
Involved in product specific management, what does this describe: "Identification and control of microbiological, chemical and physical food safety hazards during product development"?
Answer
  • CCP
  • HACCP
  • HAZMAT

Question 27

Question
Which of the following are the 7 principles of HACCP?
Answer
  • Establish corrective actions to be taken if a CCP is not under control;
  • Establish procedures to monitor the CCPs;
  • Establish documents and records to demonstrate the effective application of the above measures
  • Establish a communication with public health and the media in case of the need to recall a product
  • Establish procedures to verify whether the above procedures are working effectively
  • Identify any hazards that must be prevented eliminated or reduced;
  • Identify the critical control points (CCPs) at the steps at which control is essential;
  • Establish critical limits at CCPs

Question 28

Question
Three of the microbiological hazards that may contaminate meat during production might include...
Answer
  • Salmonella
  • E. coli 0157
  • Musa acuminata
  • Campylobacter
  • Mellivora capensis

Question 29

Question
Why are meat-borne pathogens potentially risky to consumers?
Answer
  • They are the same colour as the meat?
  • They are too small to be seen
  • They make the meat taste nicer
  • They have no odour

Question 30

Question
What is the risk in the following? "Although thorough cooking kills most bacteria, meat may be handled by lots of people before it is cooked..."
Answer
  • the bacteria will stay on plates even after washing
  • the bacteria will spread to other foods
  • the people will wipe of all the bacteria onto their hands while they handle the meat

Question 31

Question
Extraction Storage Screening Coagulation Floculation Sedimentation Filtration Disinfection are the eight step involved in...
Answer
  • sewage treatment
  • air purification
  • water treatment

Question 32

Question
The Six Steps of Wastewater Treatment include...
Answer
  • Screening
  • Grit removal
  • Sedimentation
  • Activated sludge
  • Bacteria beds
  • Odour identification
  • Tertiary filtration
  • Deactivated sludge

Question 33

Question
Monitoring water involves looking for nitrates, pesticides and cryptosporidium. True or False?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 34

Question
In addition to monitoring nitrates, pesticides and cryptosporidium, monitoring river water includes looking at suspended solids, biological oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD). True or false?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

Question
What works on the Isle of Man was influenced by the Water Bathing Directive and UK Blue Flag Scheme?
Answer
  • The works at the Pulrose/Peel Road traffic lights?
  • The addition of a steam turbine at Pulrose Power Station
  • The IRIS Scheme
  • Jurby Sewage Treatment Works

Question 36

Question
Which of the following EU Directives are NOT concerned with water
Answer
  • Drinking water directive (98/83/EC)
  • Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC)
  • Exploitation & marketing of natural mineral water Directive (2009/54/EC)
  • Drinking water abstraction directive (75/440/EEC)

Question 37

Question
The basic principle of managing the hydrological cycle, through supply, distribution and waste control. Intregrated water management involves the basic principle of managing the hydrological cycle, through supply, distribution and waste control. Areas of control DOES NOT include:
Answer
  • catchment areas
  • rivers systems
  • domestic leaks
  • estuarine environments

Question 38

Question
Which three departments/bodies are involved in the provision of safe and secure drinking water?
Answer
  • OFSTED
  • OFWAT
  • DWI
  • Environment Agency

Question 39

Question
Making waste work (1995), and the Waste Strategy 2000 had 4 main points:
Answer
  • reduction biodegradable municipal waste (BMW) 75% by 2010
  • recycle or compost 17% household waste by 2004
  • increase overall household waste
  • reduce levels of industrial waste going to landfill by 85% of 1998 levels by 2005
  • to recover 40% of municipal waste by 2005, 45% by 2010 and 67% by 2015

Question 40

Question
Which three of the following best describe waste?
Answer
  • Any substance that constitutes scrap material or effluent or other unwanted surplus substance arising from the application of any process
  • Any substance or article which requires to be disposed of as being broken, worn out, contaminated or otherwise spoiled
  • It can be divided into sub-areas household, controlled, industrial, commercial municipal and hazardous.
  • Those items not accepted by an amenity site or charity shop

Question 41

Question
minimise the amount of waste produced, make best use of remaining waste and minimise pollution from waste are the objectives of what?
Answer
  • Watewater Management Planning
  • Waste Management Planning
  • Waist Management Planning

Question 42

Question
"Sustainable Development: The UK Strategy, 1994" was produced after...
Answer
  • The Great London Smog of 1952
  • The Earth Summit in Rio in 1992
  • McDonald's opening its first restaurant in the UK in Woolwich in south London, in October 1974.

Question 43

Question
The waste management hierarchy is made up of 5 components. Which of the following is NOT part of the waste management hierarchy
Answer
  • Reduce
  • Recycle
  • Reuse
  • Transport
  • Energy recovery
  • Dispose

Question 44

Question
Local Authorities and Environmental Health have 5 key joint duties. • refuse collection, • disposal sites, allocation planning & monitoring, • hazardous & clinical waste • monitoring of street cleaning & litter • education True or False?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 45

Question
Which of the following documents do not relate to waste management
Answer
  • Controlled Waste Regulations (1992)
  • Making waste work: A strategy for sustainable waste management in England and Wales (1995),
  • EU Waste Incineration Directive 2000/76/EC
  • EU Landfill Directive 2002
  • Hazardous Waste Directive 91/689/EEC
  • DETR Report of Composting Development Group (1999)
  • The Waste Incineration (England and Wales) Regulations 2002.
  • Waste Strategy 2000
  • Landfill Regulations 2002
  • Tobacco Advertising Directive (IP/02/1788)

Question 46

Question
The WHO (2013) definition of environmental health includes which of the following?
Answer
  • Physical, chemical, and biological factors external to a person, & all the related factors impacting behaviours
  • Excludes behaviour not related to environment, as well as behaviour related to the social and cultural environment, and genetics.
  • It no longer excludes the health of animals and pets
  • It encompasses the assessment and control of those environmental factors that can potentially affect health.
  • It includes not only the health of those in the environment, but the health of the environment itself
  • It is targeted towards preventing disease and creating health-supportive environments.

Question 47

Question
Royal Commission for Environmental Health are targets and frameworks for delivery by 2020 and are to include:
Answer
  • democracy, information, integration and sustainable development
  • holistic approaches, quality of life, inequality, lifestyle and globalisation
  • cost effective, evidence based, job creation and global enforcement

Question 48

Question
Which of the following describe the six principles of environmental health?
Answer
  • Environmental health issues are international
  • Sustainable development: policy integration, partnership and appropriate scale
  • Co-operation & partnership
  • The maintenance and improvement of human condition is at the centre of all environmental action.
  • Disadvantaged groups within society are often live in the worst housing, have the most dangerous jobs and limited food.
  • Health of the environment, not just the people who live in it
  • Effective management comes from adopting democratic principles