Bio Exam III

anajaneee .
Quiz by , created about 3 years ago

Quiz on Bio Exam III, created by anajaneee . on 11/14/2016.

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anajaneee .
Created by anajaneee . about 3 years ago
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Question 1

Question
Where do most animals live?
Answer
  • Land
  • Freshwater
  • Shallow salt water

Question 2

Question
What are two unique traits of animals?
Answer
  • Only animals can fly
  • They behave and do things
  • uhmmmmmmmm you know the right answers here

Question 3

Question
Animals must be able to solve these problems of existence:
Answer
  • processing nutrients to yield energy and body building materials
  • regulate the internal environment of the body
  • integrate and coordinate their activities (internal and external)
  • reproduce

Question 4

Question
How do animals process nutrients to yield energy and body building materials?
Answer
  • feeding/digestion
  • respiration
  • circulation

Question 5

Question
What helps regulate the internal environment of the body?
Answer
  • thermoregulation
  • water balance
  • excretion of toxins

Question 6

Question
What integrates the internal environment of the body
Answer
  • nervous system/sensory organs
  • endocrine system

Question 7

Question
In an absolute sense, all living animal species are successful because of what:
Answer
  • survival
  • adaptation

Question 8

Question
Eggs are so much [blank_start]larger[blank_end] than sperm because they contain [blank_start]cytoplasm[blank_end] which contains [blank_start]yolk[blank_end].
Answer
  • larger
  • cytoplasm
  • yolk
  • cytoplasm
  • larger
  • yolk
  • yolk
  • cytoplasm
  • larger

Question 9

Question
What is the function of the sperm?
Answer
  • to fertilize the egg
  • to activate the egg

Question 10

Question
What is the function of the vitelline/fertilization membrane?
Answer
  • to prevent multiple sperm from penetrating the egg (polyspermy)
  • provides a physical barrier against the entry of more than one sperm

Question 11

Question
The vitelline membrane is called the fertilization membrane after it has lifted away from the plasma membrane of the egg (due to sperm penetration)
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
What is the difference between sperm penetration and fertilization?
Answer
  • sperm penetrations occurs when the sperm penetrates the egg cytoplasm
  • fertilization is the fusion of sperm and egg nuclei (2n zygote)

Question 13

Question
The rapid fusion of mitotic divisions that occurs immediately after fertilization is [blank_start]cleavage.[blank_end]
Answer
  • cleavage.

Question 14

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A [blank_start]morula[blank_end] is a 16-celled embryo that is a solid, grape-like cluster of cells.
Answer
  • morula

Question 15

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testing testings [blank_start]testings[blank_end] tesints aporihg aorha; righ
Answer
  • testings
  • ,,

Question 16

Question
1. [blank_start]Blastulation[blank_end] is the process of blastula formation 2. [blank_start]Blastula[blank_end] is the point in development when an embryo is composed of a single layer of cells which surrounds a fluid-filled space 3. [blank_start]Blastomere[blank_end] is the type of cell produced by cleavage of the zygote after fertilization 4. [blank_start]Blastocoel[blank_end] is the fluid-filled space in the center of the blastula
Answer
  • Blastulation
  • Blastula
  • Blastomere
  • Blastocoel
  • Blastula
  • Blastulation
  • Blastomere
  • Blastocoel
  • Blastomere
  • Blastulation
  • Blastula
  • Blastocoel
  • Blastocoel
  • Blastulation
  • Blastomere
  • Blastula

Question 17

Question
Blastulation is the formation of the blastula: [blank_start]cleavage[blank_end] of zygote ---> [blank_start]2[blank_end]-celled embryo ---> [blank_start]4[blank_end]-celled embryo ---> [blank_start]8[blank_end]-celled embryo ---> [blank_start]16[blank_end]-celled embryo (morula) ---> [blank_start]Blastula[blank_end]
Answer
  • cleavage
  • 2
  • 4
  • 8
  • 16
  • Blastula

Question 18

Question
The excretion of the blastocoel fluid is what leads to the hollow, spherical shape of a blastula.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
Gastrulation is the formation of the [blank_start]gut[blank_end].
Answer
  • gut
  • mouth

Question 20

Question
In gastrulation, morphogenetic cell movement is
Answer
  • the formation of the gut
  • the point in development when an embryo takes a shape other than a sphere (invagination)

Question 21

Question
At which pole does invagination occur?
Answer
  • vegetal pole
  • the other pole

Question 22

Question
What are three examples of a coelom in the human body?
Answer
  • Pericardium
  • Pleural cavity
  • Abdominal Cavity
  • Bladder

Question 23

Question
What is a deuterostome?
Answer
  • The first opening
  • The second opening

Question 24

Question
A dueterostome refers to animals that develop a MOUTH out of the SECOND opening formed during embryonic development.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
What is the fate of the blastopore in deuterostomes
Answer
  • the mouth
  • the anus

Question 26

Question
Which animal phyla develop in this manner? ENTEROCOELOUS MESODERM FORMATION
Answer
  • echinodermata and chordata
  • annelida, arthropoda, Mollusca

Question 27

Question
What is meant by the term protostome?
Answer
  • it refers to animals that develop a mouth out of the first opening that is formed during embryonic development.
  • it refers to animals that develop a mouth out of the second opening that is formed during embryonic development.

Question 28

Question
The fate of the blastopore is to become the
Answer
  • mouth
  • anus

Question 29

Question
Which animal phyla develop in the manner of schizocoelous mesoderm formation?
Answer
  • annelida, arhtropoda, mollusca
  • chordata, echinodermata

Question 30

Question
Select which germ layer matches which fate. 1. [blank_start]Epidermis[blank_end]: skin, nervous and sensory systems, pituitary gland, adrenal medulla, jaws, teeth, germ cells. 2. [blank_start]Mesoderm[blank_end]: skeletal and muscular systems, circulatory and lymphatic systems, excretory and reproductive systems, dermis of skin, adrenal cortex 3. [blank_start]Endoderm[blank_end]: lining of digestive tract (liver, pancreas), epithelial lining of respiratory, excretory, and reproductive tracts and ducts, thymus, thyroid, and parathryoid glands.
Answer
  • Ectoderm
  • Mesoderm
  • Endoderm
  • Mesoderm
  • Ectoderm
  • Endoderm
  • Endoderm
  • Mesoderm
  • Ectoderm

Question 31

Question
Why must sperm and egg be able to recognize each other?
Answer
  • They must know where to go
  • They must identify that they are the same species
  • They must recognize they are in fact sperm, egg

Question 32

Question
Sperm binding receptors on an egg are what allow the egg to recognize the sperm.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
How does sperm recognize an egg?
Answer
  • egg recognition proteins on the acrosome of the sperm (inside head of sperm)
  • sperm binding receptors

Question 34

Question
[blank_start]Acrosomal[blank_end] reaction is the term for the fast-block to polyspermy.
Answer
  • Acrosomal
  • Cortical

Question 35

Question
[blank_start]Cortical[blank_end] reaction is the term for slow-block to polyspermy.
Answer
  • Cortical
  • Acrosomal

Question 36

Question
Which reaction is the following? -Takes 1-2 seconds -Sperm penetration results in electrochemical change that occur in the egg cell membrane, preventing other sperm from penetrating -Egg forms electrochemical "force field" around membrane.
Answer
  • Acrosomal reaction
  • Cortical reaction

Question 37

Question
Which reaction is the following? -30-60 seconds -Cortical granules are lined up at the perphery of the egg -When the sperm and egg plasma membranes fuse, cortical granules move out towards plasma membrane -When release, cortical granules attract water, which pushes the vitelline membrane away, creating a physical barrier to polyspermy.
Answer
  • Acrosomal reaction
  • Cortical reaction

Question 38

Question
[blank_start]Fate[blank_end] as pertains to embryonic development is what an area of a young embryo will become in an older embryo. [blank_start]Capacity[blank_end] as pertains to embryonic development is what the area of a young embryo is able to do under experimental conditions.
Answer
  • Fate
  • Capacity
  • Capacity
  • Fate

Question 39

Question
In regulative development,
Answer
  • fate equals capacity
  • fate does not equal capacity

Question 40

Question
Which phyla exhibit regulative development?
Answer
  • echinoderms and chordates
  • annelids, arthropoda, and mollusca

Question 41

Question
The disbursement of morphological/cytoplasmic determinates in regulative development would be uniformly disbursed; the same genes are activated and repressed in each cell.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 42

Question
[blank_start]Totipotency[blank_end] is the ability of a cell to divide and produce all of the differentiated cells in an organism.
Answer
  • Totipotency
  • Disbursement

Question 43

Question
In mosaic development,
Answer
  • fate=capacity
  • fate does not=capacity

Question 44

Question
Which phyla exhibit mosaic development?
Answer
  • chordata, echinordata
  • annelids, arthropoda, mollusca

Question 45

Question
Echinodermata and chordata exhibit [blank_start]radial cleavage[blank_end]. Annelida, arthropoda, and mollusca exhibit [blank_start]spiral cleavage.[blank_end]
Answer
  • radial cleavage
  • spiral cleavage
  • spiral cleavage.
  • radial cleavage.

Question 46

Question
Cleave results in cells stacked directly on top of one another
Answer
  • radial
  • spiral

Question 47

Question
Cleavage takes place at oblique angles, forming a spiral pattern of daughter blastomeres.
Answer
  • radial
  • spiral

Question 48

Question
A group of regulatory genes that control the placement and spacial organization of body parts in organisms is
Answer
  • homeobox
  • homeotic genes

Question 49

Question
A sequence of nucleotides (DNAs) that produce amino acids that function to turn on or off various hox genes
Answer
  • homeotic genes
  • homebox

Question 50

Question
The larger the organism, the [blank_start]smaller[blank_end] the SA/V ratio. The smaller the organism, the [blank_start]larger[blank_end] the SA/V ratio.
Answer
  • smaller
  • larger
  • larger
  • smaller

Question 51

Question
Do surface area and volume change at the same rate?
Answer
  • Yes.
  • No, volume increases faster.
  • No, volume increases slower.

Question 52

Question
In order for diffusion to be successful, and organism must be
Answer
  • very small
  • thin in one dimension
  • shaped so that every cell is in contact with the environment
  • complex (must possess special structures to facilitate the absorption and/or release of substances.

Question 53

Question
Which level of organization is (think Porifera): -organisms possess cells which are fundamentally different -some division of labor among cells -very little tendency to cooperate -cells are very independent of each other
Answer
  • cell
  • tissue
  • organ

Question 54

Question
Which level of organization is (think Cnidaria): -possess cells that work together to perform a common function -tissues are present; cells cooperate
Answer
  • cell
  • tissue
  • organ

Question 55

Question
Which level of organization is where a collection of tissues work together to perform common functions?
Answer
  • cell
  • tissue
  • organ

Question 56

Question
Which symmetry is one plane of division that dived into 2 mirror images (humans, chipmunks)
Answer
  • bilateral
  • radial
  • asymmetrical

Question 57

Question
Which symmetry is when it can divide more than once to get mirror images
Answer
  • bilateral
  • radial
  • asymmetrical

Question 58

Question
[blank_start]Sessile[blank_end] animals are animals that are more or less not free-moving. (some move slowly and remain attached to a surface)
Answer
  • Sessile

Question 59

Question
Which symmetry to sessile organisms typically exhibit?
Answer
  • radial or asymmetry
  • radial or bilateral

Question 60

Question
Right and left sides are determined by the [blank_start]first[blank_end] cleavage. Anterior and posterior are determined by the [blank_start]second[blank_end] cleavage. Dorsal and ventral are determined by the [blank_start]third[blank_end] cleavage.
Answer
  • first
  • second
  • third
  • second
  • first
  • third
  • third
  • first
  • second

Question 61

Question
What is a eucoelom?
Answer
  • true body cavity
  • no entrances or exits
  • lined by mesoderm
  • has only one entrance/exit

Question 62

Question
[blank_start]Messentery[blank_end] is whre thin sheets of tissues that surround internal organs.
Answer
  • Messentery
  • Assentery

Question 63

Question
A eucoelmate...
Answer
  • has eucoelom
  • is tripoblastic (all three layers)
  • messentery anchors for internal