Study Guide: Skeletal Tissues

Alexandra Bozan
Quiz by Alexandra Bozan, updated more than 1 year ago
Alexandra Bozan
Created by Alexandra Bozan over 3 years ago
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Study Guide: Skeletal Tissues

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
[blank_start]Endosteum[blank_end]: the thin membrane that lines the medullary cavity [blank_start]Sternum[blank_end]: an example of a flat bone [blank_start]Diaphysis[blank_end]: the shaft of a long bone [blank_start]Articular cartilage[blank_end]: the thin layer that cushions jolts and blows [blank_start]Patella[blank_end]: an example of a sesamoid bone [blank_start]Periosteum[blank_end]: an attachment for muscle fibers [blank_start]Carpa[blank_end]l: an example of a short bone [blank_start]Epiphysis[blank_end]: the end of a long bone [blank_start]Medullary cavity[blank_end]: the tubelike, hollow space in the diaphysis of long bones [blank_start]Vertebra[blank_end]: an example of an irregular bone
Answer
  • Endosteum
  • Sternum
  • Diaphysis
  • Articular cartilage
  • Patella
  • Periosteum
  • Carpa
  • Epiphysis
  • Medullary cavity
  • Vertebra

Question 2

Question
Which of the following is not a component of bone matrix?
Answer
  • inorganic salts
  • organic matrix
  • collagenous fibers
  • all of the above are components of bone matrix

Question 3

Question
Small spaces in which bone cells lie are called
Answer
  • lamallae
  • lacunae
  • canaliculi
  • interstitial lamellae

Question 4

Question
The basic structural unit of compact bone is
Answer
  • trabeculae
  • cancellous bone
  • osteon
  • none of the above

Question 5

Question
The cells that produce the organic matrix in bone are
Answer
  • chondrocytes
  • osteoblasts
  • osteocytes
  • osteoclasts

Question 6

Question
The bones in an adult that contain red marrow include all of the following except
Answer
  • ribs
  • tarsals
  • pelvis
  • femur

Question 7

Question
Low blood calcium evokes a response from:
Answer
  • calcitonin
  • the thyroid
  • parathyroid hormone
  • none of the above

Question 8

Question
Haversian canals run lengthwise, whereas Vokmann's canals run transverse to the bone.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Giant, multinucleate cells that are responsible for bone resorption are called osteocytes.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
Bone marrow is found not only in the medullary cavities of certain long bones but also in the spaces of cancellous bone.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Calcitonin functions to stimulate osteoblasts and inhibit osteoclasts.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

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Hematopoiesis is a term referring to the formation of new Haversian systems.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Yellow marrow is found in almost all of the bones of an infant's body.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
The primary ossification center is located at the
Answer
  • epiphysis
  • diaphysis
  • articular cartilage
  • none of the above

Question 15

Question
The primary purpose of the epiphyseal plate is
Answer
  • mending fractures
  • enlarging the epiphysis
  • providing bone strength
  • lengthening long bones

Question 16

Question
The epiphyseal plate is composed mostly of
Answer
  • chondrocytes
  • osteocytes
  • osteoclasts
  • none of the above

Question 17

Question
Bone loss normally begins to exceed bone gain between the ages of
Answer
  • 30 and 35 years
  • 35 and 40 years
  • 55 and 60 years
  • 65 and 70 years

Question 18

Question
The first step to healing a bone fracture is
Answer
  • callus formation
  • fracture hematoma formation
  • alignment of the fracture
  • collar formation

Question 19

Question
The addition of bone to its outer surface resulting in growth in diameter is called appositional growth
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
Most bones of the body are formed by intramembranous ossification
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
Once an individual reaches skeletal maturity, the bones undergo years of metabolic rest
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
Lack of exercise tends to weaken bones through decreased collagen formation and excessive calcium withdrawal.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
When bones reach their full length, the epiphyseal plate disappears.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

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The fibrous covering of cartilage is
Answer
  • periosteum
  • perichondrium
  • chondroclast
  • none of the above

Question 25

Question
The external ear, epiglottis and the auditory tube are composed of
Answer
  • hyaline cartilage
  • fibrocartilage
  • elastic cartilage
  • none of the above

Question 26

Question
Vitamin D deficiency can result in
Answer
  • scurvy
  • rickets
  • osteochondroma
  • none of the above

Question 27

Question
Both bone and cartilage are well vascularized.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

Question
The intervertebral discs are composed of fibrocartilage
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

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The growth of cartilage occurs by both appositional and interstitial growth
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

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Functions of bones include: [blank_start]hematopoiesis[blank_end], [blank_start]mineral[blank_end] [blank_start]storage[blank_end], [blank_start]movement[blank_end], [blank_start]protection[blank_end] and [blank_start]support[blank_end].
Answer
  • hematopoiesis
  • mineral
  • storage
  • movement
  • protection
  • support

Question 31

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The [blank_start]medullary[blank_end] [blank_start]cavity[blank_end] is the hollow area inside the diaphysis of a bone.
Answer
  • medullary
  • cavity

Question 32

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A thin layer of cartilage covering each epiphysis is the [blank_start]articular[blank_end] [blank_start]cartilage[blank_end].
Answer
  • articular
  • cartilage

Question 33

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The [blank_start]endosteum[blank_end] lines the medullary cavity of long bones.
Answer
  • endosteum

Question 34

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[blank_start]Hematopoiesis[blank_end] is used to describe the process of blood cell formation.
Answer
  • Hematopoiesis

Question 35

Question
Blood cell formation is a vital process carried on in [blank_start]red[blank_end] [blank_start]bone[blank_end] [blank_start]marrow[blank_end].
Answer
  • red
  • bone
  • marrow

Question 36

Question
The [blank_start]periosteum[blank_end] is a strong fibrous membrane that covers a long bone except at join surfaces.
Answer
  • periosteum

Question 37

Question
Bones may be classified by hsape. Those shapes include: [blank_start]flat[blank_end], [blank_start]irregular[blank_end], [blank_start]long[blank_end], [blank_start]sesamoid[blank_end] and [blank_start]short[blank_end].
Answer
  • flat
  • irregular
  • long
  • sesamoid
  • short

Question 38

Question
Bones serve as the major reservoir for [blank_start]calcium[blank_end], a vital substance required for normal nerve and muscle functions.
Answer
  • calcium

Question 39

Question
[blank_start]Hyaline[blank_end] is the most abundant type of cartilage.
Answer
  • Hyaline

Question 40

Question
trabeculae: [blank_start]criss-cross bony branches of spongy bone[blank_end] compact: [blank_start]dense bone tissue[blank_end] spongy: [blank_start]ends of long bones[blank_end] periosteum: [blank_start]outer convering of bone[blank_end] cartilage: [blank_start]fibers embedded in a firm gel[blank_end] osteocytes: [blank_start]mature bone cells[blank_end] canaliculi: [blank_start]connect lacunae[blank_end] lamellae: [blank_start]ring of bone[blank_end] chondrocytes: [blank_start]cartilage cells[blank_end] Haversian system: [blank_start]structural unit of compact bone[blank_end]
Answer
  • criss-cross bony branches of spongy bone
  • dense bone tissue
  • ends of long bones
  • outer convering of bone
  • fibers embedded in a firm gel
  • mature bone cells
  • connect lacunae
  • ring of bone
  • cartilage cells
  • structural unit of compact bone
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