Study Guide: Articulations

Alexandra Bozan
Quiz by , created over 2 years ago

Study Guide: Articulations

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Alexandra Bozan
Created by Alexandra Bozan over 2 years ago
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Question 1

Question
The articulation between the root of a tooth and the alveolar process of the mandible or maxilla is called the
Answer
  • suture
  • gomphosis
  • synchondrosis
  • symphysis

Question 2

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Immovable joints are called
Answer
  • synarthroses
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • none of the above

Question 3

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The radioulnar articulation is classified at which type of articulation?
Answer
  • syndesmosis
  • synchondrosis
  • symphysis
  • diarthrosis

Question 4

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The most movable joints in the body are
Answer
  • symphysis
  • sutures
  • synovial joints
  • synchondroses

Question 5

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An example of a symphysis is
Answer
  • the articulation between the pubic bones
  • the articulation between the bodies of adjacent vertebrae
  • none of the above

Question 6

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The inner surface of the joint capsule is lined with
Answer
  • bursae
  • a joint cavity
  • periosteum
  • synovial membrane

Question 7

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The joint that allows for the widest range of movement is a [blank_start]ball-and-socket[blank_end] joint.
Answer
  • ball-and-socket
  • gliding
  • saddle
  • hinge

Question 8

Question
An example of a pivot joint is the
Answer
  • first metacarpal articulating with the trapezium
  • humerus articulating with the trapezium
  • interphalangeal joints
  • head of the radius articulating with the ulna

Question 9

Question
Diarthrosis and synovial joint refer to basically the same structure
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

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The elbow joint is a ball-and-socket joint
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

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The ability to oppose the fingers and thumb is achieved by a saddle joint.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

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Articulation and joint are synonymous terms.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

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Diarthrotic joints are the least common type of joint in the body.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

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There are several examples of suture articulations throughout the entire body.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

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Menisci are composed of hyaline cartilage.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

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The shoulder joint a ball-and-socket joint.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

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Joint between bodies of vertebrae
Answer
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • synarthroses

Question 18

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symphysis pubis
Answer
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • synarthroses

Question 19

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hip joint
Answer
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • synarthroses

Question 20

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fibrous joint
Answer
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • synarthroses

Question 21

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immovable joint
Answer
  • amphiarthroses
  • diiarthroses
  • synarthroses

Question 22

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cartilaginous joint
Answer
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • synarthroses

Question 23

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thumb
Answer
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • syniarthroses

Question 24

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joints between skull bones
Answer
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • synarthroses

Question 25

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freely movable joint
Answer
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • synarthroses

Question 26

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synovial joint
Answer
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • synarthroses

Question 27

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slightly movable join
Answer
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • synarthroses

Question 28

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The most prevalent type of joint in the body
Answer
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • syniarthroses

Question 29

Question
Ball and socket: [blank_start]hip joint[blank_end], [blank_start]shoulder joint[blank_end] Condyloid: [blank_start]ellipsoidal[blank_end] Gliding: [blank_start]between faces of adjacent vertebrae[blank_end], [blank_start]least moveable group of synovial joints[blank_end] Hinge: [blank_start]elbow[blank_end], [blank_start]knee joint[blank_end] Pivot: [blank_start]dens of axis[blank_end], [blank_start]atlas joint[blank_end] Saddle: [blank_start]between first metacarpal and trapezium[blank_end]
Answer
  • hip joint
  • shoulder joint
  • ellipsoidal
  • between faces of adjacent vertebrae
  • least moveable group of synovial joints
  • knee joint
  • elbow
  • dens of axis
  • atlas joint
  • between first metacarpal and trapezium

Question 30

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The glenoid labrum is associated with which joint?
Answer
  • hip
  • knee
  • shoulder
  • vertebral

Question 31

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Perhaps the strongest ligament in the body is the
Answer
  • rotator cuff
  • iliofemoral
  • pubofemoral
  • intertrochanteric

Question 32

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The largest and most complex joint of the body is the
Answer
  • shoulder
  • knee
  • hip
  • ankle

Question 33

Question
The anterior cruciate ligament of the knee connects the
Answer
  • anterior tibia with the posterior femur
  • posterior tibia with the anterior femur
  • anterior fibula with the posterior femur
  • anterior fibula with the anterior femur

Question 34

Question
Vertebral bodies are connected by
Answer
  • the anterior longitudinal ligament
  • the posterior longitudinal ligaments
  • the ligamentum flavum

Question 35

Question
Protrusion of the nucleus pulposus through the annulus fibrosus results in
Answer
  • bursitis
  • housemaid's knee
  • herniated disk
  • none of the above

Question 36

Question
The medial and lateral menisci are
Answer
  • ligaments
  • cartilage
  • bursae
  • none of the above

Question 37

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Joint mice are structurally
Answer
  • impinged bursae
  • loose pieces of synovial membrane
  • loose pieces of articular cartilage
  • cracks in the articular cartilage

Question 38

Question
[blank_start]goniometer[blank_end]: instrument that measures range of motion [blank_start]abduction[blank_end]: lifting the arms away from the midline [blank_start]rotation[blank_end]: turning the head as to say "no" [blank_start]flexion[blank_end]: elbow movement, as when lifting weights during a "bicep curl" [blank_start]extension[blank_end]: increasing joint angle [blank_start]hyperextension[blank_end]: moving beyond extension [blank_start]plantar flexion[blank_end]: causes extension of the leg as a whole [blank_start]inversion[blank_end]: turning sole of foot inward [blank_start]depression[blank_end]: opening your mouth [blank_start]adduction[blank_end]: bringing fingers together
Answer
  • goniometer
  • abduction
  • rotation
  • flexion
  • extension
  • hyperextension
  • plantar flexion
  • inversion
  • depression
  • adduction

Question 39

Question
Freely movable joints are [blank_start]diarthroses[blank_end].
Answer
  • diarthroses
  • amphiarthroses

Question 40

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The sutures in the skull are [blank_start]synarthrotic[blank_end].
Answer
  • synarthrotic
  • amphiarthrotic

Question 41

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All [blank_start]diarthrotic[blank_end] joints have a joint capsule, a joint cavity, and a layer of cartilage over the ends of the two adjoining bones.
Answer
  • diarthrotic
  • amphiarthrotic

Question 42

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[blank_start]Ligaments[blank_end] grow out of periosteum and attach two bones together.
Answer
  • Ligaments
  • tendons

Question 43

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The [blank_start]articular cartilage[blank_end] cushions surfaces of bones.
Answer
  • articular cartilage
  • epiphyseal cartilage

Question 44

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Gliding joints are the [blank_start]least[blank_end] movable of the diarthrotic joints.
Answer
  • least
  • most

Question 45

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The knee is the [blank_start]largest[blank_end] joint.
Answer
  • largest
  • smallest

Question 46

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Hinge joints allow motion in [blank_start]two[blank_end] directions.
Answer
  • two
  • four

Question 47

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The saddle joint at the base of each of our thumbs allows for greater [blank_start]mobility[blank_end].
Answer
  • mobility
  • strength

Question 48

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When you rotate your head, you are using a [blank_start]pivot[blank_end] joint.
Answer
  • pivot
  • gliding

Question 49

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A uniaxial joint is a synovial joint.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 50

Question
Joints identified as synchondroses are synovial joints.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 51

Question
Inflammation of the bursa is referred to as pleurity.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 52

Question
The main bursa of the shoulder joint is the subdeltoid bursa.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 53

Question
Angular movements change the size of the angle between articulating bones.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 54

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Pronation is a circular movement.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 55

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Gliding movements are the most complex of movements.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 56

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Protraction is an angular movement.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 57

Question
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is more common in boys.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 58

Question
The knee joint has a "baker's dozen," or 13, bursae, which serve as protective pads around it.
Answer
  • True
  • False