Week 3 - Working Memory

Daniel Whiting
Quiz by Daniel Whiting, updated more than 1 year ago
Daniel Whiting
Created by Daniel Whiting over 3 years ago
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PSY246 - Cognitive Psychology Quiz on Week 3 - Working Memory, created by Daniel Whiting on 03/20/2017.
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Question 1

Question
Patient KF was in an accident and had a digit span of 1. His paired associate learning with a 24 hour delay was normal. What does this say about working memories relationship with long term memory?
Answer
  • Long term memory is dependant on short term memory.
  • Working memory cannot be considered the 'gateway' into long term memory.
  • Verbal IQ and performance IQ are unrelated to memory.
  • Long term memory and working memory can be considered the same thing.

Question 2

Question
What are the main components of Baddeley and Hitchs' working memory model?
Answer
  • Central Executive
  • Phonological Loop
  • Visuo-spatial Sketchpad
  • Episodic Buffer
  • Attentional Control System
  • Executive Function
  • Visual Loop
  • Articulatory control process

Question 3

Question
Conrad (1964) came to the conclusion that short-term memory uses a phonological code. What led him to this conclusion?
Answer
  • Errors in serial recall were acoustic in nature.
  • Errors in serial recall weren't related to their acoustic properties.
  • Spatial interference reduced performance on memory tasks.
  • From our experience with replaying words in our minds to remember them.

Question 4

Question
Considering our use of a phonological loop for rehearsal, what predictions can be made about remembering lists of either long words or shorter words?
Answer
  • There will be more success in remembering a list of shorter words due to ease of rehearsal in the phonological loop.
  • The list of longer words will be easier to remember because of the words distinctiveness.
  • Both lists will be remembered as well as each other due to primacy and recency effects.
  • The list with longer words will be harder to remember due to varying levels of vocabulary ability within a sample.

Question 5

Question
Articulatory suppression eliminates phonological similarity and word length effects for visually presented stimuli but not stimuli presented auditorily. Why is this the case?
Answer
  • Auditory stimuli proceed directly to the phonological store.
  • Auditory stimuli proceed to the phonological loop via the articulatory control process.
  • Visual information goes directly into the phonological store.
  • Visual information is not related to the phonological loop.

Question 6

Question
What are the likely outcomes for each task when visual interference is applied?
Answer
  • Spatial task = success Visual task = fail
  • Spatial task = fail Visual task = fail
  • Spatial task = success Visual task = success
  • Spatial task = fail Visual task = success

Question 7

Question
Contention scheduling prioritizes action schemas based on...
Answer
  • Relatedness to current goals.
  • Schemas that have been used the most.
  • Random chance.
  • Directions from executive control systems.
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