Lecture Exam 2

Alexandra Bozan
Quiz by Alexandra Bozan, updated more than 1 year ago
Alexandra Bozan
Created by Alexandra Bozan over 3 years ago
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Lecture Exam 2

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Question 1

Question
In terms of structure, which type of articulation has a joint capsule?
Answer
  • fibrous
  • cartilaginous
  • synovial
  • amphiarthrotic

Question 2

Question
In the skin, the dermis:
Answer
  • and epidermis are both epithelial tissue
  • and epidermis are both connective tissue
  • is connective tissue and the epidermis is epithelial tissue
  • is epithelial tissue and the epidermis is connective tissue

Question 3

Question
Keratin is an important skin pigment that protects against ultraviolet light.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Both the epidermis and the dermis continually undergo shedding and regeneration.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
A large amount of fat can be stored in the hypodermis.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
During the life of an individual, epidermal tissue is constantly being replaced.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
Epithelial cells can be classified according to shape. Which is not a characteristic shape of epithelial cells?
Answer
  • rectangular
  • cubed
  • cylindrical
  • flat

Question 8

Question
Which joint allows for the following movements: flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, rotation, and circumduction?
Answer
  • gliding
  • saddle
  • ball and socket
  • trochoid

Question 9

Question
Hinge joints permit adduction and abduction.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
The basic ingredient in the skin that determines skin color is melanin.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Which is not a function of connective tissue?
Answer
  • transport
  • support
  • defense
  • communication

Question 12

Question
Bones are the organs of the skeletal system
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Of the five epidermal cell layers, the only one that can undergo mitosis is the:
Answer
  • stratum basale
  • stratum lucidum
  • stratum corneum
  • stratum granulosum
  • stratum spinosum

Question 14

Question
The most widespread and abundant tissue in the body is:
Answer
  • epithelial
  • connective
  • muscle
  • nervous

Question 15

Question
The peritoneum is an example of a:
Answer
  • cutaneous membrane
  • serous membrane
  • mucous membrane
  • cuboidal membrane

Question 16

Question
The organic matrix of bone consists of:
Answer
  • collagenous fibers
  • protein
  • polysaccharides
  • all of the above

Question 17

Question
The most prevalent type of cartilage is
Answer
  • hyaline cartilage
  • fibrous cartilage
  • elastic cartilage

Question 18

Question
How many layers make up pseudostratified epithelium?
Answer
  • one
  • two
  • three
  • numerous

Question 19

Question
Which of the following is not an example of a fibrous joint?
Answer
  • symphyses
  • sutures
  • syndesmoses
  • gomphoses

Question 20

Question
Glands that are not ducted, but release their products directly into tissue fluid and blood, are called:
Answer
  • endocrine
  • exocrine
  • holocrine
  • apocrine

Question 21

Question
The basic organizational or structural unit of bone is called the:
Answer
  • canaliculi
  • lamellae
  • lacunae
  • haversian system

Question 22

Question
The superficial outer layer of the epidermis is the:
Answer
  • stratum basale
  • stratum lucidum
  • stratum corneum
  • stratum granulosum
  • stratum spinosum

Question 23

Question
The type of movement that increases the angle between body parts is
Answer
  • flexion
  • extension
  • abduction
  • adduction

Question 24

Question
Moving a part of the body forward is
Answer
  • protraction
  • elevation
  • inversion
  • depression

Question 25

Question
The opposite of eversion is:
Answer
  • protraction
  • depression
  • retraction
  • none of the above

Question 26

Question
Smooth muscles that produce goose pimples when they contract are th
Answer
  • papillary muscles
  • cuticle muscles
  • medullary muscles
  • arrector pili muscles

Question 27

Question
The stratum lucidum and stratum basale are sometimes referred to as the stratum germinativum.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

Question
The periosteum is a dense, white, fibrous membrane that covers bone except at joint surfaces.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
One of the important functions of the skin includes the synthesis of vitamin D.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
The hair follocle is found in the
Answer
  • epidermis
  • dermis
  • hypodermis
  • subcutaneous layer

Question 31

Question
The area referred to as true skin is the:
Answer
  • stratum corneum
  • subcutaneous layer
  • dermis
  • hypodermis

Question 32

Question
Oil-producing glands that self-destruct in order to function are referred to as
Answer
  • merocrine
  • apocrine
  • endocrine
  • holocrine

Question 33

Question
Tilting of the foot upward, decreasing the angle between the top of the foot and the front leg, is called:
Answer
  • dorisflexion
  • plantar flexion
  • extension
  • pronation

Question 34

Question
Which is not a function of epithelial tissue?
Answer
  • absorption
  • secretion
  • assimilation
  • protection

Question 35

Question
The most numerous, important, and widespread sweat glands in the body are:
Answer
  • apocrine
  • eccrine
  • ceruminous
  • sebaceous

Question 36

Question
An articulation is a point of contact between bones.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
The knee joint is an example of a
Answer
  • hinge joint
  • ball and socket
  • saddle joint
  • gliding joint

Question 38

Question
All synovial joints have an enclosed cavity with a lubricating fluid.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
All fibrous joints are completely fixed joints.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 40

Question
In intramembranous ossification, the process of appositional growth refers to the:
Answer
  • development of a core layer of spongy bone
  • development of compact bone in long bones
  • addition of an outside layer of osseous tissue on flat bones
  • lengthening of long bone

Question 41

Question
The mature cells of bone are called:
Answer
  • fibroblasts
  • osteoclasts
  • osteocytes
  • osteoblasts

Question 42

Question
Which of the following is not true of simple squamous epithelium?
Answer
  • It is one layer thick.
  • It prevents the diffusion of material from one part of the body to another.
  • It is composed of flat, scale-like cells.
  • All of the above are true of simple squamous epithelium.

Question 43

Question
The cells at the surface of the skin are dead.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 44

Question
The hypodermis:
Answer
  • connects the dermis to underlying tissues
  • is the layer of skin where hair is produced
  • connects the dermis and the epidermis
  • is the layer of skin where the nails are produced

Question 45

Question
Cells found only in cartilage include:
Answer
  • chondrocytes and fibroblasts
  • chondrocytes and macrophages
  • chondrocytes and mast cells
  • only chondrocytes are found only in cartilage

Question 46

Question
The major purpose of the epiphyseal plate is
Answer
  • mending of fractures
  • enlarging of epiphyses
  • providing strength in long bones
  • lengthening long bones

Question 47

Question
In bone formation, the cells that produce the organic matrix are the:
Answer
  • osteoblasts
  • osteocytes
  • osteoclasts
  • chondrocytes

Question 48

Question
Which tissue lines body cavities and protects body surfaces?
Answer
  • epithelial
  • conenctive
  • muscle
  • nervous

Question 49

Question
Apocrine and eccrine glands are the two types of sebaceous glands.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 50

Question
Waiters balancing a tray of food have their hands in the prone position.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 51

Question
Calcitonin is released when the blood calcium levels are too high.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 52

Question
The type of tissue that contains cells called neurons is:
Answer
  • muscle
  • epithelial
  • connective
  • nervous
  • none of above

Question 53

Question
Cartilage is a form of:
Answer
  • epithelial tissue
  • connective tissue
  • muscle tissue
  • osseous tissue

Question 54

Question
Which of the following is not a function of the skin?
Answer
  • defense against disease organisms
  • synthesis of vitamin E
  • regulation of body temperature
  • excretion of water and salts

Question 55

Question
Basement membrane is composed of molecules made by:
Answer
  • muscle tissue
  • connective tissue
  • epithelial tissue

Question 56

Question
Growth of nails is due to mitosis in the stratum germinativum.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 57

Question
Sebum
Answer
  • lubricates hair and skin
  • is produced by sweat glands
  • consists of dead cells from hair follicles
  • is resonsible for body odor

Question 58

Question
The type of gland that produces the waxy secretion in the external ear canal is:
Answer
  • eccrine
  • apocrine
  • sebaceous
  • ceruminous

Question 59

Question
The hair follicle consists of
Answer
  • epidermal tissue
  • dermal tissue
  • hypodermal tissue
  • fibrous connective tissue

Question 60

Question
Growth of fingernails is due to the mitosis of the cells in the
Answer
  • stratum germinativum
  • stratum granulosum
  • stratum corneum
  • stratum lucidum

Question 61

Question
In terms of function, which is considered an immovable joint?
Answer
  • synarthrosis
  • amphiarthrosis
  • diarthrosis
  • all joints are movable

Question 62

Question
Throughout life, ossification and reabsorption continue to occur concurrently.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 63

Question
Which joint allows for the widest range of movement?
Answer
  • gliding
  • saddle
  • ball and socket
  • hinge

Question 64

Question
The acetabulum is a deep, cup-like socket, whereas the glenoid cavity is shallow and saucer-shaped.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 65

Question
The papillary layer of the dermis:
Answer
  • is responsible for cleavage or tension lines in the skin
  • does not contain blood vessels
  • is responsible for fingerprints
  • contains large deposits of fat

Question 66

Question
Which is not part of a hair?
Answer
  • shaft
  • root
  • lanugo
  • medulla

Question 67

Question
Goblet cells, cilia, and microvilli are modifications of this type of epithelial tissue.
Answer
  • simple squamous
  • simple cuboidal
  • simple columnar
  • pseudostratified squamous

Question 68

Question
Haversian systems are found only in compact bone
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 69

Question
Which of the following is another name for skeletal muscle?
Answer
  • striated voluntary
  • nonstriated involuntary
  • striated involuntary
  • pseudostriated involuntary

Question 70

Question
The epiphyses consist mostly of compact bone, usually with yellow marrow in the center.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 71

Question
Adipose tissue performs all the following functions except:
Answer
  • insulates to conserve body heat
  • defends the body from microbes and injurious substances
  • supports and protects the kidneys
  • stores excess food

Question 72

Question
In bone growth, the medullary cavity is enlarged because of the activity of:
Answer
  • OSTEOCLASTS
  • OSTECYTES
  • OSTEOBLASTS
  • CHONDROCYTES

Question 73

Question
Osteoclasts are nondividing osteoblasts that have become surrounded by matrix and lie within lacunae.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 74

Question
Blood is a member of which basic tissue type?
Answer
  • epithelial
  • connective
  • muscle
  • nervous

Question 75

Question
The layer beneath the dermis is called the
Answer
  • hypodermis
  • subcutaneous layer
  • superficial fascia
  • all of the above

Question 76

Question
The surface film found on the skin has a variety of functions, including:
Answer
  • lubrication
  • buffering of caustic irritants
  • antibacterial and antifungal activity
  • all of the above

Question 77

Question
Another name for compact bone is cancellous bone.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 78

Question
Which of the following is not a characteristic of smooth muscles?
Answer
  • have one nucleus per cell
  • have intercalated disks
  • make up the walls of the viscera
  • usually are not under voluntary control

Question 79

Question
The primary ossification center of a long bone is located:
Answer
  • at the midpoint of the diaphysis
  • in the epiphysis
  • in the medullary cavity
  • at the epiphyseal cartilage

Question 80

Question
The serous membrane covering the stomach would be called the:
Answer
  • visceral pleura
  • visceral peritoneum
  • parietal pleura
  • parietal peritoneum

Question 81

Question
Which of the following is true of bone, but not of cartilage?
Answer
  • It is classified as a connective tissue.
  • It has collagen fibers in its matrix.
  • Canals link blood vessels and cells.
  • Cells lie in lacunae.
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