Gas exchange and circulation

michelle_simms_w
Quiz by , created over 5 years ago

Describe the exchange of gases Things in common i.e. ventilation and gas exchange Specifically focus on the lungs and in tissues in humans

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michelle_simms_w
Created by michelle_simms_w over 5 years ago
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Question 1

Question
WATER CAN BE USED AS A RESPIRATORY MEDIUM
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
DESCRIBE THE CONDITIONS OF THE RESPIRATORY SURFACE
Answer
  • SMALL
  • LARGE
  • DRY
  • MOIST
  • THICK
  • THIN

Question 3

Question
GILLS ON THE BODY OF AQUATIC ANIMALS REDUCE THE SUFACE AREA FOR GAS EXCHANGE
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT PART OF THE VENTILATION PROCES IN MARINE ANIMALS
Answer
  • THE ANIMAL MOVES AROUND IN THE WATER
  • BLOOD FLOWS IN THE DIRECTION OF THE WATER PASSING OVER THE GILLS TO DIFFUSE THE HIGH OXYGEN CONCENTRATION
  • LOW OXYGEN CONCENTRATED BLOOD FLOWS TOWARDS OXYGEN RICH BLOOD THROUGH THE CAPILLARIES IN THE LAMELLA
  • WATER FLOWS THROUGH THE GILL FILLAMENTS

Question 5

Question
ACCORDING TO SCIENCISTS GILL SLITS AND TAILS ARE EVEIDENCE OF EVOLUTION
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
DESCRIBE THE TRACHEAL SYSTEM
Answer
  • TINY BRANCHING TUBES THAT PENETRATE THE BODY
  • THICK RODS OF CHITIN
  • MUSCULAR CAPILLARIES THAT RUN THROUGH THE BODY

Question 7

Question
THE TRACHEAL TUBES SUPPLY OXYGEN DIRECTLY TO THE HEART
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
THE REPITORY AND CIRCULATORY SYSTEMS ARE SEPERATES
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
IN ORDER TO MEET THEIR OXYGEN DEMANDS THE LARGER INSECTS MUST...
Answer
  • MOVE ABOUT MORE
  • VENTILATE THEIR TRACHEAL SYSTEM
  • DRINK MORE WATER

Question 10

Question
LUNGS ARE AN OUTER FOLDING OF THE BODY SURFACE
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM TRANSPORTS GASES BETWEEN THE LUNGS AND THE ....
Answer
  • ALL MAJOR ORGANS SUCH AS THE SKIN THE BRAIN, LIVER ETC
  • THE REST OF THE BODY
  • BRAIN AND MUSCLES

Question 12

Question
WHICH FACTORS AFFECT AN ANIMALS METABOLIC RATE....
Answer
  • THE SIZE AND THE COMPLEXITY OF THE LUNGS
  • WHETHER THEY LIVE ON LAND OR ARE MARIN ANIMALS
  • HOW MUCH FOOD THEY EAT
  • HOW FAST THE ANIMAL MOVES

Question 13

Question
In Mammalian Respiratory Systems describe the conveying of gases
Answer
  • Air inhaled through the nostrils passes through the pharynx via the larynx, trachea, alveoli, where gas exchange occurs
  • Air inhaled through the nostrils passes through the pharynx via the alveoli larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and , where gas exchange occurs
  • Air inhaled through the nostrils passes through the pharynx via the larynx, bronchi,bronchioles, and alveoli, where gas exchange occurs
  • Air inhaled through the nostrils passes through the pharynx via the larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli, where gas exchange occurs

Question 14

Question
Exhaled air passes in and out the vocal cords to create sounds
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
what is the name of the secretion on the surface of the alveoli
Answer
  • ADH
  • amylase
  • surfactants

Question 16

Question
what is the name of the blood vessel which carries oxygen rich blood to the body cell from the alveoli and what is the name of the blood vessel which carries oxygen poor blood from the cells to the alveoli surface
Answer
  • pulmonary artery and pulmonary capillary
  • pulmonary vein and pulmonary artery

Question 17

Question
Air is drawn down into the lungs as there is positive pressure in the lungs
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
What is the name of the volume of air inhaled with each breath
Answer
  • vital capacity
  • residual volume
  • peak flow
  • Tidal volume

Question 19

Question
Where is the control center for regulating breathing
Answer
  • The medulla oblongata and the pons in the brain
  • Hypothalmus and anterior pituitary gland in the brain
  • The cerebral cortex and posterior in the brain

Question 20

Question
Which of the following are involved in the regulating of breathing?
Answer
  • The medulla regulates the rate and depth of breathing in response to pH changes in the cerebrospinal fluid
  • The medulla adjusts breathing rate and depth to match metabolic demands
  • The pons regulates the tempo
  • Sensors in the aorta and carotid arteries monitor O2 and CO2 concentrations in the blood
  • These sensors exert secondary control over breathing
  • All of them

Question 21

Question
Describe the pressure in the lungs relative to the pressure in the alveoli
Answer
  • high partial pressure of of O2 to high partial pressure of CO2
  • high partial pressure of O2 to high partial pressure of CO2

Question 22

Question
In tissue capillaries, partial pressure gradients favor diffusion of O2 into the interstitial fluids and CO2 into the blood
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
hemoglobin, blood plasma, binds to the ..... which diffuses into the blood
Answer
  • CO2
  • N

Question 24

Question
Unicellular organism can exchange material directly with their envrionment
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

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Transport systems connect the organs of exchange with other organs
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 26

Question
More complex animals have a transport system that circulate fluids
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
Simple animals like cnidarians have a body wall of how many cells thick? Which enclose a gastrovascular cavity.
Answer
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • multiple

Question 28

Question
Distribution of substances and digestion in simple animals take place in 2 different cavities
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
Describe the three basic characteristics of open or closes circulatory system
Answer
  • They have 4 chambers to the heart
  • A set of tubes (blood vessels)
  • A muscular pump (the heart)
  • Blood can be mixed
  • A circulatory fluid (blood or hemolymph)

Question 30

Question
Blood covers the organs directly in an open circulatory of which organism
Answer
  • insects other arthropods and most molluscs
  • birds, reptiles and fish
  • mammals

Question 31

Question
Blood covers the organs directly in an open circulatory of which organism
Answer
  • insects other arthropods and most molluscs
  • birds, reptiles and fish
  • mammals

Question 32

Question
The general bodily fluid mixture of blood and interstitial fluid, of open circulatory systems is known as Hemaglobin
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
Which of the following is not considered a function of an open system
Answer
  • Blood flows in vessels under high pressure
  • Open in to common cavities called hemocoel
  • Few blood vessels, but not extensive
  • Exchange of material between cells and blood (or hemolymph) is direct
  • Few blood vessels, but not extensive

Question 34

Question
Describe which of the following doesn't describe the function of an closed circulartory system organsim
Answer
  • Blood is confined to vessels and is distinct from the interstitial fluid
  • Material enters and exits via the blood vessels
  • The blood vessels have thin walls
  • Blood transport is efficient as it flows blood at high pressure
  • Blood vessels are branched into fine capillaries which are involved in the exchange of materials

Question 35

Question
Earth worms have 3 auxillary heart pumps which pump blood down to 2 ventral vessels
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 36

Question
All of the following describe an open circulatory system: Little or no pressure (heart) Slower circulation (body movements) Little control of flow direction More direct exchange
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
All of the following describe a closed circulatory system: Higher pressure (heart, arteries) Faster circulation Precise control of path of blood flow Faster exchange
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 38

Question
Which organisms have a closed circulatory system called the cardiovascular system
Answer
  • humans and other vertebrates
  • fish and crustaceans

Question 39

Question
What is the missing word in this sentence. Arteries branch into ...... and carry blood to capillaries
Answer
  • Arterioles
  • aorta
  • Purkinje fibers

Question 40

Question
The capillary bed is the..
Answer
  • Networks of capillaries which are the chemical site exchange between the blood and the interstitial fluid
  • Networks of capillaries which are the chemical site exchange between the blood and the cells
  • Networks of capillaries which are the chemical site exchange between the blood alveoli

Question 41

Question
Wis the name of the very small blood vessels which converge into veins and return blood from capillaries to the heart
Answer
  • Venules
  • ventricles

Question 42

Question
In single circulation system, blood leaving the heart passes through two capillary beds before returning
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 43

Question
In single circulation system, blood leaving the heart passes through two capillary beds before returning
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 44

Question
What are the names of the two sets of capillaries in single circulation
Answer
  • gill capillaries
  • lungs
  • systematic capillaries

Question 45

Question
Other than humans which other animals have a double circulatory systems
Answer
  • athropods
  • bony fish
  • reptiles
  • amphibians

Question 46

Question
Which of the three don't have a double circulatory system where the blood mixes
Answer
  • amphibians
  • reptiles
  • mammals and birds

Question 47

Question
In the cardiac cycle the relaxing of the muscles is called the systole
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 48

Question
The stroke volume is the
Answer
  • Amount of blood pumped in a 60 contraction
  • Amount of blood pumped in a single contraction
  • Amount of blood pumped without a single contraction

Question 49

Question
The cardiac output is the volume of blood pumped into the systemic circulation per minute and depends on both the heart rate and stroke volume
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 50

Question
Arteries have a thicker wall than the veins... Why?
Answer
  • to accommedated for the higher pressure of blood being pumped around the body
  • the lumen is large
  • high pressure in the vessel could lead to a rupture in the thinner vein
  • the blood is only moving in one direction

Question 51

Question
The contraction of smooth muscle in arteriole walls; it increases blood pressure is known as
Answer
  • Vasodilation
  • Vasoconstriction

Question 52

Question
The relaxation of smooth muscles in the arterioles; it causes blood pressure to fall is know as
Answer
  • Vasoconstriction
  • Vasodilation

Question 53

Question
Giraffes cope with having long necks an pumping blood round their body and their head by having an extremely high blood pressure (280/180 mm Hg) which is twice that found in humans
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 54

Question
Which of the flowing is NOT affected by blood being moved through veins
Answer
  • smooth muscle contraction
  • expansion of the vena cava with inhalation
  • skeletal muscle contraction,
  • veins expand

Question 55

Question
What condition is not caused from a build up of fatty deposits in the coronary arteries (atherosclerosis)
Answer
  • heart murmur
  • Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD)
  • , Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD
  • Coronary Heart Disease (CHD
  • Coronary Artery Disease

Question 56

Question
lack of oxygen tot he heart is called an infarction
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 57

Question
Hardening of the arteries (atheriosclerosis) can cause.. select 4
Answer
  • high blood pressure
  • damaged veins
  • (angina) in the coroanary artery
  • complete blockages a heart attack
  • artery near the brain stroke
  • artery in the leg – peripheral vascular disease

Question 58

Question
The percentage composition of blood is 60 plasma and 40 cellular elements
Answer
  • True
  • False