Quiz 1 Study Guide: Marine Biology: Introduction and History

Madison Lowe
Quiz by Madison Lowe, updated more than 1 year ago
Madison Lowe
Created by Madison Lowe over 3 years ago
10
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Description

A study guide review based on the study guide created by Karen Myers of SJR State College

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Marine plants produce about _____ of the oxygen we breathe.
Answer
  • 25%
  • 50%
  • 75%
  • 100%

Question 2

Question
The study of oceans is called oceanography.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
The four main branches of oceanography are:
Answer
  • Animal
  • Geological
  • Chemical
  • Mental
  • Physical
  • Biological

Question 4

Question
Name 3 pieces of evidence which tie humans to the sea from 110,000 — 165,000 years ago:
Answer
  • Stone blades found in a seaside cave in South Africa
  • Ancient bone/shell harpoons and fishhooks.
  • The earliest known jewelry in the form of shell beads.
  • Ancient fish nets found in Western Europe.

Question 5

Question
In the Pacific, the [blank_start]Pacific Islanders[blank_end] showed a vast knowledge of seafaring skills, using [blank_start]stick[blank_end] maps and [blank_start]dual[blank_end] - hulled sailing vessels.
Answer
  • Pacific Islanders
  • Polynesians
  • Chinese
  • Indians
  • rock
  • sand
  • stick
  • painted
  • single
  • dual
  • triple

Question 6

Question
The first Western marine navigators were the [blank_start]Phoenicians[blank_end], sailing around the [blank_start]Mediterranean[blank_end] by about [blank_start]2000[blank_end] B.C.
Answer
  • Phoenicians
  • Chinese
  • Polynesians
  • Mediterranean
  • Indian Ocean
  • Red Sea
  • Pacific
  • 2000
  • 1800
  • 2050
  • 1600

Question 7

Question
During the Dark Ages, the knowledge of geography and science in Europe was:
Answer
  • Lost/distorted
  • Created
  • Found
  • Criticized

Question 8

Question
Scandinavian adventurers known as [blank_start]Vikings[blank_end] continued to explore and loot, despite the Dark Ages, and are credited with discovering Iceland, Greenland, and [blank_start]Vinland[blank_end].
Answer
  • Vikings
  • Vinland

Question 9

Question
Name the 4 contributions the Chinese made to seafaring skills:
Answer
  • Compass
  • Central rudder
  • Water-tight compartments
  • Sophisticated multi-masted sails
  • Stick maps
  • Celestial navigation

Question 10

Question
Alexander the Great is sometimes referred to as "the first marine biologist"
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Emile Gagnan and Jacques Cousteau invented self-contained underwater breathing apparatus, the acronym of which is SCUBA.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
In 1960, the bathyscaphe [blank_start]Trieste[blank_end] reaches [blank_start]Challenger[blank_end] Deep in the Marianas [blank_start]Trench[blank_end] at 35,800 feet.
Answer
  • Trieste
  • Challenger
  • Trench

Question 13

Question
[blank_start]Robert[blank_end] Ballard is responsible for finding the [blank_start]Titanic[blank_end] in 1985.
Answer
  • Robert
  • Jim
  • Stephen
  • Carl
  • Titanic
  • HMS Challenger

Question 14

Question
The deepest human dive is held by Dr Sylvia Earle who dove in the Jack Suit.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
The first completely scientific oceanographic expedition was undertaken by [blank_start]Charles[blank_end] Thompson on the [blank_start]Challenger[blank_end] Expedition on the ship [blank_start]HMS[blank_end] Challenger in 1872.
Answer
  • Charles
  • Challenger
  • HMS

Question 16

Question
The first major American marine lab was located in ______________ _______________, Massachusetts.
Answer
  • Woods Hole
  • Port Hole
  • Palm Coast
  • Herring Coast
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