Tablets

Jack Willach
Slide Set by Jack Willach, updated more than 1 year ago
Jack Willach
Created by Jack Willach about 3 years ago
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Description

What tablets do

Resource summary

Slide 1

    Tablet Definition
    -A solid Preparation each containing a single dose of one or more active ingredients and usually obtained by compressing uniform volumes of particles   

Slide 2

    Advantages of Tablets
    Convenient  accurate  stable Consistency cheap

Slide 3

    Disadvantages of Tablets
    poorly soluble drugs  poor bioavailability  local irritation harmful effects on GI tract

Slide 4

    Types of tablets
    Convential  Buccual coated  effervescent controlled released  Stamped  Scored  Sublingual

Slide 5

    Official Tests
    Content Content uniformity Reproducible drug release  Disintegration time  Dissolution rate Friability/Hardness  Microbial Quality 

Slide 6

    Excipients: Ideal Properties
    Non-toxic Known Functionality Inactive in physiological conditions No idiosynchratic effects in the bodies  Stable Reliable  Reproducable supply Cheap/effective in cost  Tasteless, Colourless and odourless 

Slide 7

    Making Tablets
    Powders compressed in a die Top Punch Pushes down and compresses the contents of the powder into the die  Bottom punch ejects the contents of the Tablet out  Powder needs to be treated with excipients for it to be optimumly removed

Slide 8

    Tablet Requirements
    Flow must flow into the die in a reproducable manner Particles must cohere to eachother to form the tablet under a compressive force  Tablet must be ejected from press with no  Cracks Chips Capping Lamination

Slide 9

    Types of excipients
    Dilutant  Binding Agent Lubricants Glidants Disintegrants 

Slide 10

    Disintegrant
    Disintegrant types include: Water uptake facilitators Tablet-rupture promoters They cause the tablet to expand or rupture on contact with water, causing the tablet to break down Polymers: Structure improves water access to the tablet, swelling and breaking result  Disintegrants can also react and form carbon dioxide gas bubbles, resulting in tablet rupture Examples of a disintegrant include Pregelatenised starch, PVP cross linked and carboxymethylcellulose 

Slide 11

    Lubricants
    Helps the compressed compact be released from the die safely Too much lubricant reduces dissolution and/or tablet strength  Examples include magnesium stearate and talc 

Slide 12

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