Phrasal Verbs

Victor Hernández
Slide Set by Victor Hernández, updated more than 1 year ago
Victor Hernández
Created by Victor Hernández almost 2 years ago
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Phrasal Verbs
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Slide 1

    What are Phrasal Verbs?
    VERB + ADVERB and/or PREPOSITION   The adverb or preposition is called a particle. Before we go any further let’s make sure we are all clear on what a verb, a preposition and an adverb are. A verb is a word that describes an action (i.e. to swim, to read), or a state of being (i.e. to live, to understand). Every sentence has to have a verb. A preposition is a small word that describes the relationship between two words. For example, the cat is ON the chair or IN the drawer or UNDER the table or INSIDE the bag. Prepositions usually deal with time (i.e. SINCE, BY a certain time), location/place, (IN, BELOW, OPPOSITE) or direction/movement (i.e. ACROSS, DOWN). An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective or other adverbs.   Now that you know what verbs, adverbs, prepositions and particles are, you’re ready to start putting them together into phrasal verbs.

Slide 2

    Transitive Phrasal Verbs A sentence with a transitive phrasal verb has an object. An object is a word or part of a sentence that is affected by the verb.   Alex GAVE UP smoking two years ago.  Give up= to finish, to stop something ‘gave up’= transitive phrasal verbs; ‘smoking’=object   You need to FILL OUT the online registration form before your course Fill out =to complete ‘fill out’=transitive phrasal verb; ‘form’=object Klaus agreed to LOOK AFTER my dog while I was away. Look after= to take care of ‘look after’=transitive phrasal verb; ‘dog’=object Could you please SWITCH the lights OFF when you leave the office? Switch off= to turn off ‘switch off’= transitive phrasal verb; ‘lights’=object

Slide 3

    Intransitive Phrasal Verbs A sentence with an intransitive phrasal verb does not have an object. John and I BROKE UP two years ago Break up=to end a relationship   Pat swore he would never GO BACK to that restaurant. Go back= to return It was so warm in the department shop, I thought I was going to PASS OUT. Pass out=to faint, to lose consciousness We CALLED AROUND but we could not find the car part we needed. Call around=to phone up many places/people We RAN OUT of ink cartridges so I couldn’t print the report. Run out=to have none left

Slide 4

    WORD ORDER
    Intransitive Phrasal verbs The word parts that make up an intransitive phrasal verb cannot be separated.   Look at this example using the intransitive phrasal verb BREAK UP: Break up= to end a relationship We BROKE UP two years ago. CORRECT We broke two years ago up.    INCORRECT   Other examples: She might TURN UP any time.CORRECT She might turn any time up.INCORRECT   The negotiations BROKE DOWN quickly. CORRECT The negotiations broke quickly down       INCORRECT
      Transitive Phrasal Verb The word parts of transitive phrasal verbs either can be separated, that is the particle can be separated from the verb by the direct object, or cannot be separated.   Example sentences using the transitive phrasal verb TURN DOWN:   Turn down=to refuse They TURNED DOWN my offer They TURNED my offer DOWN. Turned down=transitive verb. Offer = object   If the object is a PRONOUN (such as you, him, her, it, us and them), then the object ALWAYS comes between the verb and the particle.   Example: They TURNED it DOWN. CORRECT They TURNED DOWN it. INCORRECT
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