Midterm notes for Exam (Educ1130)

Aurora Wall
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MIDTERM NOTES FOR STUDYING

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Aurora Wall
Created by Aurora Wall about 4 years ago
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Slide 1

    Welcome To Midterm 
    FOUNDATIONSOFECEONE

Slide 2

    In order to understand to early childhood education today we must first examine the history of ECE:
    In order to understand to early childhood education today we must first examine the history of ECE:To see what did work & didn’t work well.

Slide 3

    Preindustrial and Medieval 5th- 15th century
    Short life expectancy adulthood began at 7 childhood didn’t exist childhood viewed at “mini-adults” Toys: were made of wooden & lead. No gender. Break easily. Incouraged imagination.

Slide 4

    Industrial Revolution:
    Child used as slave labor Childhood didn’t exist Toys: Wooden toys, little bit of color. Moving parts.

Slide 5

    1833 Factory act:
    no child workers under 9 years employers must have an age certificate for their child workers children 9-13 to work no more than 9 hours a day 13-18 to work no more than 12 hours day

Slide 6

    20th century: 1901-2000
    childhood was unique and important period Disney was made (greatest place in the world) School was made Toys: Colour, easy baked oven, trains/cars & board games.  Made of more experience material. More steps to it.
    The Child student movement: Late 19th and early 20th century. Child- study leader (such as Jean Rousseau). Erik Erikson, Jean Maslow, Jean Piaget. The World War 2 years: Daycare during war time... Women headed off to work & Men to war. The kids needed someone to take of care of them. The government provided daycare for the kids. Alberta didn’t sign off on it.

Slide 7

     Jean Rousseau:
    Challenged the idea of that children are born evil suggested individuals pass through the natural stages of development believed that education be organized according to child natural stage of development During this time, children were viewed as mini adults

Slide 8

    The Child student movement:
    Late 19th and early 20th century. Child- study leader (such as Jean Rousseau). Erik Erikson, Jean Maslow, Jean Piaget.

Slide 9

    The World War 2 years:
    Daycare during war time... Women headed off to work & Men to war. The kids needed someone to take of care of them. The government provided daycare for the kids. Alberta didn’t sign off on it. Women who lost their husbands in war had needed daycare & they stayed open. Ontario were the first to open their daycare.

Slide 10

    Perry Preschool Project- 1962:
       Examined lives of 123 children born in poverty & at high risk of failing in school Started in New york. Children were split in groups. 1-4 getting instruction by teachers.
    The results: 5+ times by the 40 arrested 36% (Program Group) 55% (no program)... earned 20K at 40 60% (program) 40% (no program)... Graduated high school77% (program) 60% (no program)Examined lives of 123 children born in poverty & at high risk of failing in schoolStarted in New york.Children were split in groups.1-4 getting instruction by teachers.

Slide 11

    The day nurseries act- Ontario: 
    The Day Nurseries Act (DNA) is legislation that governed licences care in ontario from 1946-2015. The DNA set out requirements to protect the health safety & well-being of children in care. The importance of environment for children

Slide 12

    UN: Rights of the Child
    Under 18 has these rights children has these rights

Slide 13

    But that wasn’t enough: In Short:
    1million of you lives have been saved, more children than child ever in school. more children are actively involved decisions

Slide 14

    World Fit for Children: Movement 
    1.Best interest for the child2.Address poverty3. Care for every child.4. Put the child first5.Educate every child. Doesn't matter if they're a boy or girl6.Protect children from harm. (Abuse, Harm & Discrimination)
    7.Children must be protected from horrors of armed conflict. Protect children from war.8. Protect from HIV & Aids.9.Listen to children and  ensure their participation.

Slide 15

    21st century: a closer look
    UN A world fit children: 2002: 2004 canada joined ontario best start program 2004 early learning for every child today (a framework for ontario early childhood setting (consulted fraser mustard on how to best support and positively impact children in ece)

Slide 16

    The McGuinty government's Best plan :
    All day kindergarten He wanted to known as the premiere of education supports children prenatal through six & their families provides vital services that support a child's development, including infant hear programs, preschool speech & language programs & other support programs. includes an expansion of Ontario’s regulated system of early learning & quality.

Slide 17

    The early childhood educator act- 2007:
    Serving & protect the public interest Establishing registration requirements & coordinating the registration process maintaining a public registry of ece’s; Code of ethics & setting standards Investigating complaints

Slide 18

    Childcare and early years act (CCEYA) 2015
    Replaced the outdated day nurseries act. New Rules governing child care in ontario

Slide 19

    WHAT IS PLAY?
    ACTIVE IMAGINATION CREATIVE IT PROBLEM SOLVES IT SOCIALIZE THEM FUN MOTOR SKILLS
    EXPLORING INTERACTIVE LEARNING TEAM WORK NATURAL MAGICAL

Slide 20

    PLAY should be intrinsic for anyone & everyone, it should be because they want to not because they will receive award.

Slide 21

    PROJECT & PROCESS:
    ACTIVITIES SHOULD BE PROCESS BASED. THE WAY THAT CHILD WOULD WANT.

Slide 22

    TYPES OF PLAY: COGNITIVE PLAY:
    FUNCTIONAL/SENSORIMOTOR;SIMPLE REPETITIVE MUSCLE MOVEMENT WITH OR WITHOUT MATERIALSSYMBOLIC/ DRAMATIC PRETEND/ROLE PLAY OBJECTS USED IN PLAY PROPS
    GAMES WITH RULES:PREDETERMINED RULES & CONSEQUENCES UNDERSTOOD BEFORE PLAY BEGINSCONSTRUCTION PLAY:CREATIVITY & IMAGINATION PLAY

Slide 23

    Social Play
    Solitary PlayA CHILD PLAYS ALONE WITH LITTLE OR NO REFERENCE TO WHAT OTHER CHILD ARE DOINGPARALLEL PLAY:THOUGH USING SAME TOYS, THERE NEXT TO EACH OTHER.ASSOCIATIVE PLAY:CHILD PLAYING TOGETHER BUT ORGANIZE THEIR PLAY TOWARD A COMMON GOAL.CO-OPERATIVE PLAY:THE BEGINNINGS OF TEAM WORK. CHILDREN PLAU TOGETEHER FOR COMMON PURPOSE.
    UNOCCUPIED BEHAVIOR:A CHILD IS NOT ENGAGED IN PLAYONLOOKER BEHAVIOR:A CHILD OBSERVES OTHER CHILDREN OR ADULTS IN THEIR PLAY.

Slide 24

    SKILLS DEVELOPED THROUGH PLAY: COMMUNICATION SHARING WAITING SELF- CONTROL RESPECT FOR OTHERS

Slide 25

    CCEYA ELECT HDLH?
    Influences on Curriculum:

Slide 26

    Major influences on curriculum in Canadian early learning programs are: Evolving theories of development & learning legal or legislative requirements of the province/territory children, families & communities
    Major influences on curriculum in Canadian early learning programs are:

Slide 27

    Evolving theories of development and learning: Learning from the past, building a better future Play based learning we use today...
    Evolving theories of development and learning:

Slide 28

    Legal & legislative requirements: Child care and early years act (CCEYA) replaced the day nursey act Together, we have been working hard to ensure child care in ontario reflects the realities of our modern world. our overarching goal is to build a child care.
    Legal & legislative requirements:

Slide 29

    CCEYA Outlines: Ratios of employees to children & group size Building, equipment & playground- child care centres Health & Medical supervision Nutrition Program for children
    CCYA OUTLINES:
    Staff qualifications Staff screening measures & criminal reference checks Emergency preparedness Administrative Matters

Slide 30

    Who does the act apply to?Unlicened peopleWho is exempt from the act? Nannies or babysitters care by relatives camp that cared for children 4 & up

Slide 31

    When do the ew rules come in effect the new rules came in august 31 2015 However the following two rules for unlicensed will not apply until january 1 2016 provides must count their own children under 6 What happens if someone doesn't follow the rules? fines compliance orders penalty who has more than they're ratio 2,000 per child per day. How will parents know they're care is licensed?Under a new legislation, all licences child care centers, home child care agencies & home contracted with a home child care agency will receive & display decals.

Slide 32

    ractios:Infants 3 to 10toddlers 1 to 5preschool 1 to 8kindergarten 1 to 13 Ratios of employees to children & group size Building, equipment & playground- child care centres Health & Medical supervision Nutrition
    5. Program for children6. Staff qualifications7. Staff screening measures & criminal reference checks8. Emergency preparedness9. Administrative MattersIn january 2013, the ontario goverment release the OEYP framwork

Slide 33

    Waldorf
    early childhood through high school “all I need to know I learned in Kindergarten” What sort of image or gesture you want to present as an ECE? So important to create a secure comforting picture
    praticting childhood from (negative outside stuff) how the teacher treats the children , parents, colleagues the image of the teacher is most important Environment warm, nurturing Children imitate us- whatever you do, make sure it's what you want to be imitated. Soft colour on the walls, lights natural. Natural toys, glass cups Curriculum: lively,strong rhythms, keep routine & security in the children Routines; seasons...

Slide 34

    Waldorf Cont.
    Artistic play, Stories (by voice/puppets), Drawing, Painting (do try to bring it into the work) Practical work: the children help & they copy what we do Imaginative play Strong imaginative play will reflect in later years- how the play freely tell you so much
    Dolls with strongly emotion facesLess formed toysSnackNap TimePlay time

Slide 35

    Montessori
    We all work together to make schools better What is it?- student centered approach from toddler through high school that encourages creativity, curiosity & leads children to ask questions, explore, investigate and think themselves acquire skills Nurtures self directed learning & development social skills, emotional growth, physical coordinations. uses prepared environment that meets the developmental needs of the children. Many early learning environments colour activity centres Typical day-Practical Life: (activities related to caring for ourselves, our environment & our community) it is the link between home & school. Sensorial- Activities that help children explore, refine and give expression. Language: Saying it, seeing it  & saying it. Building words (expressing themselves by making words Math: Counting (numbing rods), Cultural: takes to them to the bigger world, Maps,

Slide 36

    Montessori Cont.
    Age appropriate train teachers guides, coach, facilitate each child's learning Each child is free to choose an activity they would like to do and repeat as many times as they wish Freedom of choice is central to programming children choose where to do their activity- sometimes alone, sometimes beside one another and sometimes with a friend. Children can work at their own pace The open schedule provides large block of time for students to problem solve, see connections and create new ideas classroom atmosphere encourages social interaction, cooperative learning, peer teaching. Children generally spend 3 years in the class. Only 1/3 of the group is new each year & older children can offer real help to the younger ones. Look for... Independence, Ability to handle external authority, Social Awarence, Academic preparenece. Global awarence, support for language, Spontaniety and joy,

Slide 37

    Montessori Cont.
    Why choose? Reasons...Studies...

Slide 38

    High Scope & Reggio
    High scope: Inspire educators and inspire children Reggio: Inspire children

Slide 39

    To Be A Effective ECE
    Patience-Passion-Risk Taker-Creative-Authoritative-Pragmatic: Neutral approach-Respectful-Flexible-High Energy

Slide 40

    The Official Side of ECE
    Good Communications Skills- Importance Team player- Importance Energic Open-minded  Committed to serve the children probably. Unlimited work
    Full Kindergarten has been going out through the provinces. DImensions of ECE Leadership- A child care center, we serve as mentors, Actively involved in activity meeting. Effective Work for ECE- Registrations, Status of the Profession Multi of the Child & Family sources Provincial rules & regulations Municpal of planning & development Every level of the sector.

Slide 41

    RECE
    Physical, Emotional, Cognitive, Language Elect, Full Day Kindergarten Designs curriculums  to address the children's needs.