Rachel  Elmslie
Slide Set by Rachel Elmslie, updated more than 1 year ago
Rachel  Elmslie
Created by Rachel Elmslie over 5 years ago


An introductory guide to using questionnaires for your SIS project.

Resource summary

Slide 1

    An introduction to using questionnaires in your Supported Independent Study Project. Read these notes and be able to discuss with another student the advantages and disadvantages of using questionnaires both generally, and to gather data for your specific SIS project.
    Caption: : "Se poser des questions en regardant plus haut" by Bernard Lamailloux is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Slide 2

    What are questionnaires useful for?
    They can gather data efficiently from a large sample. As the data can be numerical, it is easy to analyse. They can be given face to face, on paper, or by email / online

Slide 3

    Questionnaires need to:
    Have a clear purpose. Have enough questions to answer your research question. Ensure all questions are relevant to your research question. Have the correct answer options so participants can give the answer they want. Have clear instructions on how to answer each question, perhaps with examples Have a logical sequence and group similar questions, so respondents follow your logic Not be too long eg 2 pages / 10 minutes to complete Be anonymous.

Slide 4

    The questionnaire aims and purpose What you will do with the data Who to contact for more information – this should be your university email address. If they have any concerns they should contact the course director. Clear simple instructions on how to answer the questions How to return to questionnaire to you, and a deadline
    They should also state:

Slide 5

    Structured: Many closed questions Good for a large sample Produces numerical data for (eg) who, where, when, how Can compare groups, answers Takes time to write Writers need to predict all possible answers = difficult
    Semi-structured and  Unstructured May follow closed questions with open ones Good in smaller study Can produce verbal data for (eg) why, or explanations, personal responses and deeper understanding More difficult May require less rigorous writing Open questions allow for unexpected answers
    Different types of questionnaire:

Slide 6

    Use question types that produce the right kind of data (eg numbers or words?) to answer your research question, eg: True / False or Yes / No or Multiple Choice Questions. To measure attitudes,  Rating Scales or Likert Scales may be useful.
    Caption: :
    Questionnaire items

Slide 7

    Respondents only choose answers you provide. If you use open questions, they can write their own answers, but these may be vague or hard to understand. The wording of questions and answers must be clear and easy to understand, with no ambiguity, so questionnaires must be piloted before use – this writing and testing process requires care and writing skill. Finally, electronic questionnaires may receive a low number of responses.

Slide 8

    Cohen, L., Manion, L., and Morrison, K. (2000). Research Methods in Education. (5th Edition). Routledge. UCL. Public Engagement Evaluation Toolkit: Questionnaires. Available from: Accessed 10.4.16Open University. Skills for OU Study: Using a questionnaire. Available from:    Accessed 10.4.16
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