Bio Exam III

Question 1 of 63

1

Where do most animals live?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Land

  • Freshwater

  • Shallow salt water

Question 2 of 63

1

What are two unique traits of animals?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Only animals can fly

  • They behave and do things

  • uhmmmmmmmm you know the right answers here

Question 3 of 63

1

Animals must be able to solve these problems of existence:

Select one or more of the following:

  • processing nutrients to yield energy and body building materials

  • regulate the internal environment of the body

  • integrate and coordinate their activities (internal and external)

  • reproduce

Question 4 of 63

1

How do animals process nutrients to yield energy and body building materials?

Select one or more of the following:

  • feeding/digestion

  • respiration

  • circulation

Question 5 of 63

1

What helps regulate the internal environment of the body?

Select one or more of the following:

  • thermoregulation

  • water balance

  • excretion of toxins

Question 6 of 63

1

What integrates the internal environment of the body

Select one or more of the following:

  • nervous system/sensory organs

  • endocrine system

Question 7 of 63

1

In an absolute sense, all living animal species are successful because of what:

Select one or more of the following:

  • survival

  • adaptation

Question 8 of 63

1

Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

Eggs are so much ( larger, cytoplasm, yolk ) than sperm because they contain ( cytoplasm, larger, yolk ) which contains ( yolk, cytoplasm, larger ).

Question 9 of 63

1

What is the function of the sperm?

Select one of the following:

  • to fertilize the egg

  • to activate the egg

Question 10 of 63

1

What is the function of the vitelline/fertilization membrane?

Select one or more of the following:

  • to prevent multiple sperm from penetrating the egg (polyspermy)

  • provides a physical barrier against the entry of more than one sperm

Question 11 of 63

1

The vitelline membrane is called the fertilization membrane after it has lifted away from the plasma membrane of the egg (due to sperm penetration)

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 12 of 63

1

What is the difference between sperm penetration and fertilization?

Select one or more of the following:

  • sperm penetrations occurs when the sperm penetrates the egg cytoplasm

  • fertilization is the fusion of sperm and egg nuclei (2n zygote)

Question 13 of 63

1

Fill the blank space to complete the text.

The rapid fusion of mitotic divisions that occurs immediately after fertilization is

Question 14 of 63

1

Fill the blank space to complete the text.

A is a 16-celled embryo that is a solid, grape-like cluster of cells.

Question 15 of 63

1

testing testings tesints aporihg aorha; righ

Drag and drop to complete the text.

    testings
    testings
    ,,
    ,,

Question 16 of 63

1

Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

1. ( Blastulation, Blastula, Blastomere, Blastocoel ) is the process of blastula formation
2. ( Blastula, Blastulation, Blastomere, Blastocoel ) is the point in development when an embryo is composed of a single layer of cells which surrounds a fluid-filled space
3. ( Blastomere, Blastulation, Blastula, Blastocoel ) is the type of cell produced by cleavage of the zygote after fertilization
4. ( Blastocoel, Blastulation, Blastomere, Blastula ) is the fluid-filled space in the center of the blastula

Question 17 of 63

1

Fill the blank spaces to complete the text.

Blastulation is the formation of the blastula:

of zygote ---> -celled embryo ---> -celled embryo ---> -celled embryo ---> -celled embryo (morula) --->

Question 18 of 63

1

The excretion of the blastocoel fluid is what leads to the hollow, spherical shape of a blastula.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 19 of 63

1

Select from the dropdown list to complete the text.

Gastrulation is the formation of the ( gut, mouth ).

Question 20 of 63

1

In gastrulation, morphogenetic cell movement is

Select one of the following:

  • the formation of the gut

  • the point in development when an embryo takes a shape other than a sphere (invagination)

Question 21 of 63

1

At which pole does invagination occur?

Select one of the following:

  • vegetal pole

  • the other pole

Question 22 of 63

1

What are three examples of a coelom in the human body?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Pericardium

  • Pleural cavity

  • Abdominal Cavity

  • Bladder

Question 23 of 63

1

What is a deuterostome?

Select one of the following:

  • The first opening

  • The second opening

Question 24 of 63

1

A dueterostome refers to animals that develop a MOUTH out of the SECOND opening formed during embryonic development.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 25 of 63

1

What is the fate of the blastopore in deuterostomes

Select one of the following:

  • the mouth

  • the anus

Question 26 of 63

1

Which animal phyla develop in this manner? ENTEROCOELOUS MESODERM FORMATION

Select one of the following:

  • echinodermata and chordata

  • annelida, arthropoda, Mollusca

Question 27 of 63

1

What is meant by the term protostome?

Select one of the following:

  • it refers to animals that develop a mouth out of the first opening that is formed during embryonic development.

  • it refers to animals that develop a mouth out of the second opening that is formed during embryonic development.

Question 28 of 63

1

The fate of the blastopore is to become the

Select one of the following:

  • mouth

  • anus

Question 29 of 63

1

Which animal phyla develop in the manner of schizocoelous mesoderm formation?

Select one of the following:

  • annelida, arhtropoda, mollusca

  • chordata, echinodermata

Question 30 of 63

1

Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

Select which germ layer matches which fate.
1. ( Ectoderm, Mesoderm, Endoderm ): skin, nervous and sensory systems, pituitary gland, adrenal medulla, jaws, teeth, germ cells.
2. ( Mesoderm, Ectoderm, Endoderm ): skeletal and muscular systems, circulatory and lymphatic systems, excretory and reproductive systems, dermis of skin, adrenal cortex
3. ( Endoderm, Mesoderm, Ectoderm ): lining of digestive tract (liver, pancreas), epithelial lining of respiratory, excretory, and reproductive tracts and ducts, thymus, thyroid, and parathryoid glands.

Question 31 of 63

1

Why must sperm and egg be able to recognize each other?

Select one of the following:

  • They must know where to go

  • They must identify that they are the same species

  • They must recognize they are in fact sperm, egg

Question 32 of 63

1

Sperm binding receptors on an egg are what allow the egg to recognize the sperm.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 33 of 63

1

How does sperm recognize an egg?

Select one of the following:

  • egg recognition proteins on the acrosome of the sperm (inside head of sperm)

  • sperm binding receptors

Question 34 of 63

1

Select from the dropdown list to complete the text.

( Acrosomal, Cortical ) reaction is the term for the fast-block to polyspermy.

Question 35 of 63

1

Select from the dropdown list to complete the text.

( Cortical, Acrosomal ) reaction is the term for slow-block to polyspermy.

Question 36 of 63

1

Which reaction is the following?
-Takes 1-2 seconds
-Sperm penetration results in electrochemical change that occur in the egg cell membrane, preventing other sperm from penetrating
-Egg forms electrochemical "force field" around membrane.

Select one of the following:

  • Acrosomal reaction

  • Cortical reaction

Question 37 of 63

1

Which reaction is the following?
-30-60 seconds
-Cortical granules are lined up at the perphery of the egg
-When the sperm and egg plasma membranes fuse, cortical granules move out towards plasma membrane
-When release, cortical granules attract water, which pushes the vitelline membrane away, creating a physical barrier to polyspermy.

Select one of the following:

  • Acrosomal reaction

  • Cortical reaction

Question 38 of 63

1

Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

( Fate, Capacity ) as pertains to embryonic development is what an area of a young embryo will become in an older embryo.
( Capacity, Fate ) as pertains to embryonic development is what the area of a young embryo is able to do under experimental conditions.

Question 39 of 63

1

In regulative development,

Select one of the following:

  • fate equals capacity

  • fate does not equal capacity

Question 40 of 63

1

Which phyla exhibit regulative development?

Select one of the following:

  • echinoderms and chordates

  • annelids, arthropoda, and mollusca

Question 41 of 63

1

The disbursement of morphological/cytoplasmic determinates in regulative development would be uniformly disbursed; the same genes are activated and repressed in each cell.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 42 of 63

1

Select from the dropdown list to complete the text.

( Totipotency, Disbursement ) is the ability of a cell to divide and produce all of the differentiated cells in an organism.

Question 43 of 63

1

In mosaic development,

Select one of the following:

  • fate=capacity

  • fate does not=capacity

Question 44 of 63

1

Which phyla exhibit mosaic development?

Select one of the following:

  • chordata, echinordata

  • annelids, arthropoda, mollusca

Question 45 of 63

1

Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

Echinodermata and chordata exhibit ( radial cleavage, spiral cleavage ). Annelida, arthropoda, and mollusca exhibit ( spiral cleavage., radial cleavage. )

Question 46 of 63

1

Cleave results in cells stacked directly on top of one another

Select one of the following:

  • radial

  • spiral

Question 47 of 63

1

Cleavage takes place at oblique angles, forming a spiral pattern of daughter blastomeres.

Select one of the following:

  • radial

  • spiral

Question 48 of 63

1

A group of regulatory genes that control the placement and spacial organization of body parts in organisms is

Select one of the following:

  • homeobox

  • homeotic genes

Question 49 of 63

1

A sequence of nucleotides (DNAs) that produce amino acids that function to turn on or off various hox genes

Select one of the following:

  • homeotic genes

  • homebox

Question 50 of 63

1

Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

The larger the organism, the ( smaller, larger ) the SA/V ratio.
The smaller the organism, the ( larger, smaller ) the SA/V ratio.

Question 51 of 63

1

Do surface area and volume change at the same rate?

Select one of the following:

  • Yes.

  • No, volume increases faster.

  • No, volume increases slower.

Question 52 of 63

1

In order for diffusion to be successful, and organism must be

Select one or more of the following:

  • very small

  • thin in one dimension

  • shaped so that every cell is in contact with the environment

  • complex (must possess special structures to facilitate the absorption and/or release of substances.

Question 53 of 63

1

Which level of organization is (think Porifera):
-organisms possess cells which are fundamentally different
-some division of labor among cells
-very little tendency to cooperate
-cells are very independent of each other

Select one of the following:

  • cell

  • tissue

  • organ

Question 54 of 63

1

Which level of organization is (think Cnidaria):
-possess cells that work together to perform a common function
-tissues are present; cells cooperate

Select one of the following:

  • cell

  • tissue

  • organ

Question 55 of 63

1

Which level of organization is where a collection of tissues work together to perform common functions?

Select one of the following:

  • cell

  • tissue

  • organ

Question 56 of 63

1

Which symmetry is one plane of division that dived into 2 mirror images (humans, chipmunks)

Select one of the following:

  • bilateral

  • radial

  • asymmetrical

Question 57 of 63

1

Which symmetry is when it can divide more than once to get mirror images

Select one of the following:

  • bilateral

  • radial

  • asymmetrical

Question 58 of 63

1

Fill the blank space to complete the text.

animals are animals that are more or less not free-moving. (some move slowly and remain attached to a surface)

Question 59 of 63

1

Which symmetry to sessile organisms typically exhibit?

Select one of the following:

  • radial or asymmetry

  • radial or bilateral

Question 60 of 63

1

Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

Right and left sides are determined by the ( first, second, third ) cleavage.
Anterior and posterior are determined by the ( second, first, third ) cleavage.
Dorsal and ventral are determined by the ( third, first, second ) cleavage.

Question 61 of 63

1

What is a eucoelom?

Select one or more of the following:

  • true body cavity

  • no entrances or exits

  • lined by mesoderm

  • has only one entrance/exit

Question 62 of 63

1

Select from the dropdown list to complete the text.

( Messentery, Assentery ) is whre thin sheets of tissues that surround internal organs.

Question 63 of 63

1

A eucoelmate...

Select one or more of the following:

  • has eucoelom

  • is tripoblastic (all three layers)

  • messentery anchors for internal

anajaneee .
Quiz by , created more than 1 year ago

Quiz on Bio Exam III, created by anajaneee . on 11/14/2016.

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Created by anajaneee . about 3 years ago
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