Neuroscience and Education

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A brief view to how the brain works and how its study is related to education advances
karen navas
Flashcards by karen navas, updated more than 1 year ago
karen navas
Created by karen navas over 4 years ago
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Neuroscience and Education Neuroscience Investigates the processes by which the brain learns and remembers, from the molecular and cellular levels right through to brain systems.
Brain cells and Synapses Brain cells (neurons) transmit information via electrical signals, which pass from cell to cell via synapses, triggering the release of neurotransmitters (chemical messengers)
Learning consists of changes in connectivity, Successful teaching therefore, directly affects brain function, by changing connectivity. successful learning is dependent on the curriculum, the teacher, context in classroom, in family, in school, community, diet, or medications.
Neuroimaging potential Neuroimaging offers the potential to study effects of different diets, food additives, medications and toxins on educational performance
Cognitive Neuroscience the scientific field that concerns about the processes and aspects about the cognition. It may help to identify special needs and potentially able to deliver important information to modify educational curricula.
Synaptogenesis it is a formation of synapses between neurons in the nervous system. It occurs throughout a healthy person's lifespan, but an explosion of synapse formation occurs during early brain development.
Neuroscience studies in Language it has shown that late learners: syntactic abilities do not develop at the rame rate or to the same extent
Neuroscience studies in Reading Learning to read and write in childhood changes the functional organization of the adult brain. In regards to dyslexics, studies have shown that they're abilities are immature, rather than inaccurate.
Neuroscience in Math There is more than one neural system for the representation of numbers.
Effects of Experience Experiences affect the plasticity of the brain. Some experiences related to need, spacial activities, musical practice change the formations inside the brain
Sleep and cognition REM sleep is important for learning and memory. Certain regions of the brain reactivate during sleep.
Neuromyths Scientific findings have shown that there has been some misinformation in regards to neuroscience and education.
1. Left brained ? or right brained? There are no hemispheric differences, there are massive cross-hemisphere connections in the normal brain and they work together in every cognitive task.
2. Education most occur only during critical periods for learning to happen There are optimal periods for learning. However, an adult, can learn maybe not the same way as a kid does, but learning will happen.
3. Effective educational interventions need to be timed. greater synaptic density does not predict a greater capacity to learn
4. Female brain Male brain It refers to the differences in cognitive style, rather than in biological differences. It was argued that men were "systemizers" and women were "emphasizers".
References Usha Goswami. Neuroscience and Education. Extract from: file:///C:/Users/Karen/Downloads/Goswami_2004_BJEP_74_1-14.pdf
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