Alcohols, Halogenoalkanes and Analysis

siobhan.quirk
Flashcards by siobhan.quirk, updated more than 1 year ago
siobhan.quirk
Created by siobhan.quirk about 8 years ago
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Undergraduate Chemistry - Part 2 (Alochols, Halogenoalkanes and Analysis) Flashcards on Alcohols, Halogenoalkanes and Analysis, created by siobhan.quirk on 05/24/2013.

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Question Answer
Volatility the ease that a liquid turns into a gas. Volatility increases as boiling point decreases
Reflux continual boiling and condensing of a reaction mixture to ensure that the reaction takes places without the contents of the flask boiling dry
Esterification the reaction of an alcohol with a carboxyliv acid to prduce an ester and water
Dehydration a elimination reaction in which water is removed from a saturated molecule to make an unsaturated molecule
Hydrolysis a reaction with water or aqueous hydroxide ions that breaks a chemical compound into two compounds
Nucleophilic substitution a type of substitution reaction in which a nucleophile is attracted to an electron-deficient centre where it donates a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond
Limiting reagent a substance in a chemical reaction that runs out first
Molecular ion, M+ positive ion formed in mass spectrometry when a molecule loses an electron
Fragmentation the process in mass spectrometry that causes a positive ion to split into pieces, one of which is a positive fragment ion
Electrophile electron pair acceptor
Nucleophile electron pair donor
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