AG History, Chapter 1

Julie Gholston
Flashcards by Julie Gholston, updated more than 1 year ago
Julie Gholston
Created by Julie Gholston almost 3 years ago


AG History, Chapter 1, Questions 1-39

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Question Answer
1. How did the leaders of the Protestant Reformation view the Holy Spirit's role in believers? The Reformers denounced testimonies of the Spirit's role in believers and limited His activities primarily to preparing one to receive Christ and the preaching of God's Word.
2. Summarize five beliefs about Spirit baptism. (1) Holiness believers equated it to sanctification. (20) Calvinists believed it was conversation. (3) Revivalists (reformed) saw it as a second work that provided power for witness. (4) Charles Finney taught that Spirit baptism enhanced holiness and invigorated Christians for ministry. (5) Keswickians saw the "fullness of the Spirit" empowering Christian life.
3. What are faith homes? Places where sick people could go to receive prayer and Bible teaching on divine healing and encouragement for their faith.
4. Why was the holiness movement a haven for those who believed in divine healing? The doctrine of instantaneous deliverance from the power of sin fit well with the concept of immediate healing by faith.
5. How did A. J. Gordon respond to people who did not receive healing? He suggested that God remains sovereign with regard to suffering and healing.
6. List the four points of the Fourfold Gospel. Jesus is (1) Savior, (2) Sanctifier (that is Baptizer in the Holy Spirit), (3) Healer, and (4) coming King.
7. What change did Edward Irving suggest to stop the disappointing results on the mission field? Irving proposed that missionaries should depend on faith in God for their support rather than on just the benevolence of mission agencies.
8. In what ways did missionaries witness the supernatural in their missions work? They received supernatural tongues to speak and preach in other languages. They saw impossible things happen: the sick healed, the dead raised, and demons cast out. Some were spared when they unknowingly drank poison given to them by their enemies.
9. In what way did the revival at Parham's school in Topeka influence the belief about speaking in tongues? Two ideas came from this revival: (1) Tongues became the evidence of Spirit baptism and (2) Parham's personal belief was that tongues would equip missionaries to go directly to the field without formal language study.
10. Trace the spread of the twentieth-century Pentecostal revival from Topeka to Azusa Street. The revival began at Topeka among the students, then spread into Galena, Kansas; Houston, Texas; and Zion, Illinois. From Houston, Seymour carried the message to Azusa Street. Then through eyewitnesses and newspapers, the reports of the Azusa revival spread across the world.
11. How did Pentecostals differ in their doctrines? Their main disagreements centered on tongues as the required evidence of Spirit baptism, the nature of sanctification, and the view of God as a Trinity.
12. Why were organizations formed, although some Pentecostals feared that this would quench the move of the Spirit? As problems surfaced in the Pentecostal ranks, organizations formed to provide stability, accountability, cooperation, doctrinal standards, and fellowship.
13. How did A. B. Simpson influence Pentecostal doctrine? His belief that baptism in the Spirit was a separate experience from conversion and his approach to biblical interpretation of Acts helped lay the basis for the Pentecostal doctrine that speaking in tongues gave evidence of being baptized in the Spirit.
14. How did Maria B. Woodworth-Etter influence the Pentecostal Movement? She demonstrated the significant role that women played in the Holiness/Pentecostal Movement in the area of evangelism and prayer for the sick.
15. Although many people led the various revivals, who considered himself the founder of the Apostolic Faith Movement? Charles Parham, in1905, he assumed the "Projector of the Apostolic Faith Movement."
17. Describe the events that led to the first Pentecostal revival of the twentieth century. After Parham heard some students speaking in tongues at Shiloh, he began to teach about the experience. In the Topeka Bible School (Stone's Folly), he gave his students an assignment to search out the biblical basis for tongues from the Book of Acts. After the students agreed that tongues were the biblical evidence of the experience, they all began to seek for the Pentecostal blessing.
18. On January 1, 1901, who was the first of Parham's students to speak in tongues? Agnes N. Ozman
19. What was the subject of William Seymour's first sermon in Los Angeles? William Seymour preached about Spirit baptism from Acts 2:4.
20. How did the Apostolic Faith paper say the Azusa revival affected missions? "God is solving the missionary problem, sending out new-tongues missionaries on the apostolic faith line, without purse or scrip (Matthew 10:9-10, KJV) and the Lord is going before them preparing the way."
21. Describe the services at Azusa Street. Enthusiastic singing, prayer for the sick, shouting, Spirit baptism, singing in tongues, preaching, times of silence, and persons falling under the power. Some received visions and calls to the mission field. All expected the imminent return of Christ. The services were almost continuous. All the spontaneous-"led by the Spirit. "People from all races and social standings worshipped together. Prayer, praise, testimonies, and worship marked the services. The message was given by whomever was anointed by the Lord for that service.
22. How did Parham give structure to the Apostolic Faith Movement? Parham gave organization and structure to the Apostolic Faith Movement by personal oversight, appointing area directors, networking believers, and issuing credentials to evangelists and others.
23. Why did Parham go to Zion City before he went to visit Azusa Street? Dowie lost control. Parham wanted to gain the leadership of his followers at Zion City.
24. What was Parham's opinion of the Azusa revival under Seymour? He disapproved of the emotionalism and the mixing of the races. He questioned the authenticity of the tongues because they sounded like babbling rather than known languages. After blaming it all on Seymour, Parham started a rival mission.
25. What caused Seymour to abandon the doctrine of tongues as the initial evidence? He saw a contradiction in Parham's behavior - lack of love and fruit of the Spirit. He did not see love in action.
26. Who was one of the first evangelists to leave Azusa Street and preach the Pentecostal message? To spread the news in Ohio, Ivey G. Campbell was one of the earliest evangelists to leave Azusa Street.
27. How did Elizabeth V. Baker influence the Assemblies of God? Elizabeth Baker influenced future leaders of the Assemblies of God through the Rochester Bible Training School.
28. What caused the disputes over doctrine? As the Pentecostal revivals spread, believers came from more diverse backgrounds and denominations. The issue over sanctification came from the believers who were from Wesleyan-holiness and Reformed backgrounds.
29. What contributions did Minnie F. Abrams make to the Pentecostal Movement? The international fame of Ramabai and the widespread respect for Abrams gave credibility to the manifestations of the Spirit at Mukti Mission. Abrams preached widely on the subject of the baptism of the burning fire. She wrote a book. The Baptism of the Holy Ghost and Fire, explaining the experience. This book contributed to Pentecostal Methodism in Chile.
30. George F. Taylor focused on what two facts concerning speaking in tongues? (1) Tongues were the most important sign of the Spirit baptism at Pentecost. (2) Luke's later reports on Spirit baptism either included or implied tongues.
31. How did William Durham and Charles Parham differ on sanctification? Parham who followed the holiness idea, taught that sanctification was a second work of grace after salvation. Durham argued that at conversion complete transformation takes place in the heart of a sinner. Then progressive growth takes place throughout a believer's life. His view was called the "Finished Work of Calvary."
32. In what way did Durham's belief affect the Assemblies of God? E. N. Bell, the first general superintendent of the Assemblies of God, received the baptism in the Holy Spirit under Durham's ministry. Several other Assemblies of God leaders accepted and shared Durham's theology. This had a strong impact on the first General Council at Hot Springs, Arkansas, in April 1914.
33. What is necessary to fully understand Pentecostal history? It is necessary to understand its missionary vision.
34. What were four types of missionaries who went out at the turn of the century? (1) The ill-prepared, (2) the hardy souls, (3) veteran missionaries, and (4) Bible institute graduates.
35. Explain faith life missionaries. Faith life missionaries went without being sure they would receive money from mission agencies. They believed that God would supply what they lacked: finances, health, and guidance.
36. What important contributions did Minnie Draper make to the Pentecostal Movement? She helped found the Bethel Pentecostal Assembly in Newark, NJ, a strong missions church. 2nd she served as president of the Bethel Board, which established the 1st successful Pentecostal mission agency in North America. This board also started the Bethel Bible Training School, where a number of Pentecostal leaders, including Assemblies of God adherents, trained for the ministry.
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