chapter 2.1 the court system

Musab Anzar
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What is a hierarchy of courts? The way in which courts are structured. (Some courts have more power than others do.) The higher the court is, the more serious the cases are.
What is a court? A court is a place that has the power to deliver judgement.
What are the two main types of courts in Australia? State/territory and federal courts.
What is the job of a jury? The jurors are charged with the responsibility of deciding whether, on the facts of the case, a person is guilty or not guilty of the offence for which he or she has been charged. The jury must reach its verdict by considering only the evidence introduced in court and the directions of the judge.
What are the jurors not allowed to have? They are not allowed to have any biases or prejudices towards the people in the court.
What is the job of a judge and magistrate? They interpret the law, assess the evidence presented, and control how hearings and trials unfold in their courtrooms. Most important of all, judges are impartial decision-makers in the pursuit of justice.
What is the legal system in Australia called? It is called the adversary system of law.
What is an adversarial legal system? It means that two opposing sides in a dispute or case have control over their case.
What are some features of the adversary legal system, and why is this important? Each party must have a legal personnel with equal capabilities. This is important so that each party is fairly represented and supported.
How do the parties in an adversarial system have control of the case? The adversaries can present their own arguments and evidence or call their own witnesses when necessary.
Who has the last say in a court case? The Judge, magistrate or jury.
What is so important about the Constitution? It is the foundation of the legal system.
When was Australia's legal system created? In 1901.
What are laws? they are rules that govern our society
What do laws do? They keep in order, protect and punish the people who deserve it.
Why are laws important? They keep social order.
What are the two different kinds of laws? Criminal law and civil law.
What is civil law? Civil laws are those regarding arguments between people.
What is criminal law? Criminal laws are the rules that protect citizens from crimes.
What are the kinds of cases that come under civil laws? Disputes over properties, unpaid fines etc.
What are examples of the sort of cases that come under criminal law? Murder, robbery, assault, rape
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