Amazon Web Services - Nov 2018

Hunter Leachman
Flashcards by , created about 2 years ago

Glossary of terms for Amazon Web Services - Nov 2018

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Hunter Leachman
Created by Hunter Leachman about 2 years ago
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Question Answer
100-continue A method that enables a client to see if a server can accept a request before actually sending it. For large PUT requests, this method can save both time and bandwidth charges.
AAD additional authenticated data Information that is checked for integrity but not encrypted, such as headers or other contextual metadata
access control list (ACL) A document that defines who can access a particular bucket or object. Each bucket and object in Amazon S3 has an ACL. The document defines what each type of user can do, such as write and read permissions.
access identifiers credentials: Also called access credentials or security credentials. In authentication and authorization, a system uses credentials to identify who is making a call and whether to allow the requested access. In AWS, these credentials are typically the access key ID and the secret access key.
access key The combination of an access key ID (like AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE) and a secret access key (like wJalrXUtnFEMI/K7MDENG/bPxRfiCYEXAMPLEKEY). You use access keys to sign API requests that you make to AWS.
access key ID A unique identifier that's associated with a secret access key; the access key ID and secret access key are used together to sign programmatic AWS requests cryptographically.
access key rotation A method to increase security by changing the AWS access key ID. This method enables you to retire an old key at your discretion.
access policy language A language for writing documents (that is, policies) that specify who can access a particular AWS resource and under what conditions.
account A formal relationship with AWS that is associated with (1) the owner email address and password, (2) the control of resources created under its umbrella, and (3) payment for the AWS activity related to those resources. The AWS account has permission to do anything and everything with all the AWS account resources. This is in contrast to a user, which is an entity contained within the account.
account activity A web page showing your month-to-date AWS usage and costs. The account activity page is located at https://aws.amazon.com/account-activity/.
action An API function. Also called operation or call. The activity the principal has permission to perform. The action is B in the statement "A has permission to do B to C where D applies." For example, Jane sends a request to Amazon SQS with Action=ReceiveMessage. Amazon CloudWatch: The response initiated by the change in an alarm's state: for example, from OK to ALARM. The state change may be triggered by a metric reaching the alarm threshold, or by a SetAlarmState request. Each alarm can have one or more actions assigned to each state. Actions are performed once each time the alarm changes to a state that has an action assigned, such as an Amazon Simple Notification Service notification, an Auto Scaling policy execution or an Amazon EC2 instance stop/terminate action.
active trusted signers A list showing each of the trusted signers you've specified and the IDs of the corresponding active key pairs that Amazon CloudFront is aware of. To be able to create working signed URLs, a trusted signer must appear in this list with at least one key pair ID.
additional authenticated data Information that is checked for integrity but not encrypted, such as headers or other contextual metadata.
administrative suspension Auto Scaling might suspend processes for Auto Scaling group that repeatedly fail to launch instances. Auto Scaling groups that most commonly experience administrative suspension have zero running instances, have been trying to launch instances for more than 24 hours, and have not succeeded in that time.
alarm An item that watches a single metric over a specified time period, and triggers an Amazon SNS topic or an Auto Scaling policy if the value of the metric crosses a threshold value over a predetermined number of time periods.
allow One of two possible outcomes (the other is deny) when an IAM access policy is evaluated. When a user makes a request to AWS, AWS evaluates the request based on all permissions that apply to the user and then returns either allow or deny.
Amazon API Gateway A fully managed service that makes it easy for developers to create, publish, maintain, monitor, and secure APIs at any scale. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/api-gateway.
Amazon AppStream A web service for streaming existing Windows applications from the cloud to any device. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/appstream/.
Amazon Aurora A fully managed MySQL-compatible relational database engine that combines the speed and availability of commercial databases with the simplicity and cost-effectiveness of open source databases. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/rds/aurora/.
Amazon CloudFront (CloudFront) An AWS content delivery service that helps you improve the performance, reliability, and availability of your websites and applications. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/cloudfront.
Amazon CloudSearch A fully managed service in the AWS cloud that makes it easy to set up, manage, and scale a search solution for your website or application.
Amazon CloudWatch A web service that enables you to monitor and manage various metrics, and configure alarm actions based on data from those metrics. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/cloudwatch.
Amazon CloudWatch Events A web service that enables you to deliver a timely stream of system events that describe changes in AWS resources to AWS Lambda functions, streams in Amazon Kinesis Streams, Amazon Simple Notification Service topics, or built-in targets. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/cloudwatch.
Amazon CloudWatch Logs A web service for monitoring and troubleshooting your systems and applications from your existing system, application, and custom log files. You can send your existing log files to CloudWatch Logs and monitor these logs in near real-time. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/cloudwatch.
Amazon Cognito A web service that makes it easy to save mobile user data, such as app preferences or game state, in the AWS cloud without writing any back-end code or managing any infrastructure. Amazon Cognito offers mobile identity management and data synchronization across devices. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/cognito/.
Amazon DevPay An easy-to-use online billing and account management service that makes it easy for you to sell an Amazon EC2 AMI or an application built on Amazon S3. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/devpay.
Amazon DynamoDB A fully managed NoSQL database service that provides fast and predictable performance with seamless scalability. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/dynamodb/.
Amazon DynamoDB Storage Backend for Titan A storage backend for the Titan graph database implemented on top of Amazon DynamoDB. Titan is a scalable graph database optimized for storing and querying graphs. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/dynamodb/.
Amazon DynamoDB Streams An AWS service that captures a time-ordered sequence of item-level modifications in any Amazon DynamoDB table, and stores this information in a log for up to 24 hours. Applications can access this log and view the data items as they appeared before and after they were modified, in near real time. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/dynamodb/.
Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) A service that provides block level storage volumes for use with EC2 instances. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/ebs.
Amazon EBS-backed AMI A type of Amazon Machine Image (AMI) whose instances use an Amazon EBS volume as their root device. Compare this with instances launched from instance store-backed AMIs, which use the instance store as the root device.
Amazon EC2 Container Registry (Amazon ECR) A fully managed Docker container registry that makes it easy for developers to store, manage, and deploy Docker container images. Amazon ECR is integrated with Amazon EC2 Container Service (Amazon ECS) and AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM). See Also https://aws.amazon.com/ecr.
Amazon EC2 Container Service (Amazon ECS) A highly scalable, fast, container management service that makes it easy to run, stop, and manage Docker containers on a cluster of EC2 instances. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/ecs.
Amazon ECS service A service for running and maintaining a specified number of tasks (instantiations of a task definition) simultaneously.
Amazon EC2 VM Import Connector See https://aws.amazon.com/ec2/vm-import.
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) A web service that enables you to launch and manage Linux/UNIX and Windows server instances in Amazon's data centers. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/ec2.
Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) A file storage service for EC2 instances. Amazon EFS is easy to use and provides a simple interface with which you can create and configure file systems. Amazon EFS storage capacity grows and shrinks automatically as you add and remove files. See Also https://aws.amazon.com/efs/.