Flashcards by mgdln10, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by mgdln10 almost 7 years ago


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Question Answer
Grammar rules It is + adjective (+day) It is + verb ing It is sunny today It is snowing
Questions about the weather What is it like out? How is the weather? What is the weather like? What is the temperature?
Lluvia: - llovizna - aguacero - lluvia -aguacero - inundación Rain: - Drizzle - Showers - Rain -Downpour -Flood
Nubes: - nublado - con niebla - cubierto - despejado Clouds: - cloudy - foggy - overcast - clear/cluodless
Clear or Cloudy 1 Bright: (adjective) full of light; when the sun is shining strongly Sunny: (adjective) the sun is shining and there are no clouds Clear: (adjective) without clouds Fine: (adjective) not raining, clear sky Partially cloudy: (adjective) when there is a mixture of both blue sky and clouds Cloudy: (adjective) with many clouds in the sky Overcast: (adjective) covered with cloud; dull Gloomy: (adjective) with dark clouds and dull light; some people consider this weather depressing
Clear and cloudy 2 Sometimes the cloud lowers to ground level and it becomes harder to see… Fog (noun)/ foggy (adjective): thick cloud close to land Mist (noun) / misty (adjective): light fog, often on the sea or caused by drizzle Haze (noun) / hazy (adjective): light mist, usually caused by heat
Types of rain Damp: (adjective) slightly wet (often after the rain has stopped) Drizzle: (verb/noun) to rain lightly with very fine drops Shower: (noun) a short period of rain Rain: (verb/noun) water that falls from the clouds in drops Downpour: (noun) heavy rain Pour: (verb) to have heavy rain It’s raining cats and dogs: (Idiom) To rain heavily Torrential rain: (noun) very heavy rain Flood: (verb/noun) to become covered in water usually due to excessive rain
Cold stuff Hail: (verb) when frozen rain falls as small balls of ice (hailstones). Hailstones: (noun) the small hard balls of ice that fall from the sky Snow: (noun/verb) frozen rain that falls from the sky as soft snowflakes Snowflake: (noun) an individual piece of snow Sleet: (noun/verb) snow or hail mixed with rain (often with some wind) Blizzard: (noun) severe snowstorm with strong winds
Types of wind Breeze: a gentle wind (often nice or refreshing) Blustery: blowing (strong) gusts of wind Windy: continual wind. Gale: a very strong wind Hurricane/cyclone/typhoon: a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce winds and heavy rain.
Vocabulary about weather Drought: (noun) Long periods of time without rain causing a lack of water in the area A lot of the crops dried up because of the drought. Forecast: (noun) A prediction of how the weather will be on a certain day The forecast says it’s going to rain tomorrow. Lightning: (noun) A flash of light in the sky during a storm. Lightning lit the sky many times that night. Puddle: (noun) a small pool of water on the ground, usually after rain. The kids jumped in the puddles on the way home from school. Rainbow: (noun) an arch of colors in the sky formed when the sun shines through rain I took a photo of a beautiful rainbow that was just above the lake. Smog: (noun) a cloud of pollution hanging over a city (a fog of smoke) The view of the city wasn’t very good because it was covered in thick smog. Sunburn: (noun) painful red skin caused by spending too long in the hot sun. If you don’t put on your sunscreen, you’ll get sunburn. Sunshine: (noun) the light and heat of the sun I could feel the warm sunshine on my bac
Sentences It is usually chilly and damp in autumn, sometimes with rain or drizzle. I’m so glad there is a breeze right now otherwise it would be very hot. It is so humid that I’ve had to change my shirt twice already. It’s a blustery day; make sure your umbrella doesn’t blow away. Take a sweatshirt because it’s a little chilly outside. Those large hailstones left dents in my car. There has been a gale warning so it’s not safe to go out fishing on our boat. There was a drought in our province last summer. It didn’t rain for three months. We won’t be able to see the solar eclipse because it’s overcast.
Questions What’s the weather like in Buenos Aires in January? How’s the weather in Moscow in winter? It’s pretty hot. What’s the temperature? Is it raining outside? What’s the forecast for tomorrow?
The temperature The Temperature in English The temperature is how hot or cold something is. We use a thermometer to measure the temperature of something. Temperature is usually measure in degrees. The ° symbol after a number means degrees. 30° = thirty degrees There are two main systems used for measuring temperature: °F = degrees Fahrenheit (only used in United States) °C = degrees Celsius (used in the rest of the world) When talking about the temperature we normally use: It + is/was/will be + adjective It is chilly today. It was warm yesterday. It will be cold tomorrow.
Temperatures The temperatures given are only an approximation to give you an idea of when to use them. 28°C (or more) - Hot 15 to 28°C - Warm 10 to 15°C - Cool 5 to 10°C - Chilly 0 to 5°C - Cold 0°C (or less) - Freezing
Too hot The following words refer to being MORE than hot and are used for temperatures over 30°C. Boiling: very hot, often used in negative contexts Humid: hot and damp. It makes you sweat a lot Muggy: warm and damp in an unpleasant way Scorching: very hot, often used in positive contexts Stifling: hot and you can hardly breath Sweltering: hot and uncomfortable
Idioms 1 As right as rain: to feel fine and healthy. Don’t worry about me, I’m as right as rain after my knee operation. Be a breeze: to be very easy to do. Our English exam was a breeze. I’m sure I’ll get top marks. Be snowed under: to have so much to do that you are having trouble doing it all. I’m snowed under at work right now because two of my colleagues are on holiday. Break the ice: to say or do something to make someone feel relaxed or at ease in a social setting. He offered to get her a drink to help break the ice.
Idioms 2 Calm before the storm: the quiet, peaceful period before a moment of great activity or mayhem. The in-laws were about to arrive with their kids so she sat on the sofa with a cup of coffee enjoying the calm before the storm. Chase rainbows: when someone tries to do something that they will not achieve I think she’s chasing rainbows if she thinks she can get into Oxford with her bad grades. Come rain or shine: you can depend on someone to be there no matter what or whatever the weather. I’ll be there to help you move house come rain or shine. Every cloud has a silver lining: There is always something positive to come out of an unpleasant or difficult situation. I got laid off from work yesterday, but every cloud has a silver lining and now I can spend more time writing my book.
Idioms 3 Fair-weather friend: a person who is only your friend during good times or when things are going well for you but disappears when things become difficult or you have problems. She was a fair-weather friend because she was interested in me once I had lost my job. Get wind of: to learn or hear of something that should be a secret. He got wind of the closure of the company so started looking for a new job immediately. Have your head in the clouds: to be out of touch of reality. Your ideas may not be sensible or practical. He has his head in the clouds if he seriously thinks he’s going to get a promotion soon. It never rains but it pours: when things don’t just go wrong but very wrong and other bad things happen too. First he lost his keys to the house, then his wallet and then his car broke down. It never rains but it pours.
Idioms 4 It’s raining cats and dogs: it’s raining very hard. Take you umbrella and a jacket because it’s raining cats and dogs outside. On cloud nine: to be extremely happy. They were both on cloud nine during their honeymoon.
Idiom 5 Put on ice: to postpone for another day. The project has been put on ice until our boss decides what to do next. Ray of hope: there is a chance that something positive will happen. There is a ray of hope after all, it looks like we won’t be losing our jobs. Save for a rainy day: to save for the future when it might suddenly be needed (unexpectedly). Don’t spend your entire wage in one night. You should save for a rainy day. Steal my thunder: when someone takes attention away from someone else. Don’t wear that dress to the wedding; the bride won’t like it because you’ll be stealing her thunder.
Idioms 6 Storm in a teacup: when someone makes a small problem larger than it really is. Those two are always arguing about something, it’s just a storm in a teacup. Storm is brewing: indication that something is about to become bad or explode You could tell by the looks on their faces that a storm was brewing. Take a rain check: decline something now but offer to do it at a later date. Thanks for inviting me to dinner but I can’t this week. Can I take a rain check on that? Throw caution to the wind: to go crazy and forget all responsibilities or commitments. They threw caution to the wind and quit their jobs in the heat of the moment. Under the weather: you are not feeling well Paul isn’t coming with us because he feels a little under the weather.
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