Models of addiction

cheryl.brown
Flashcards by cheryl.brown, updated more than 1 year ago
cheryl.brown
Created by cheryl.brown almost 6 years ago
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Flashcards on Models of addiction , created by cheryl.brown on 10/15/2014.

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Question Answer
Assumptions of the disease or medical model of addiction addiction is: a progressive disease with stages a chronic, long term condition can be treated NOT cured is a primary disease abstinence is the only option ingesting drugs leads to a loss of control
Advantages of the medical or disease model of addiction removes societal/moral stigma removes shame/guilt individuals likely to seek help treatment likely to get insurance coverage clear treatment goal abstinence increased funding for research allows for clear language & communication among clinicians
Disadvantages of the disease or medical model of addiction excludes those who don't fit disease model removes personal responsibility makes excuses for deviant behavior ignores psychological variables all or nothing approach lack of empirical evidence of concept treatment may be too simplistic may lead to other 'diseases' eg-shoplifting
Assumptions of the moral model of addiction addiction is: the person's choice a result of choices from a flawed character 'sinful' so spiritual interventions needed sign of 'bankrupt' spiritual life & drug is a search for higher power underpins legal system-people pay for poor choices
Disadvantages of the moral model of addiction judgement based contributes to stigma, guilt, shame & blame of addiction may minimise complex nature of addiction may promote the stigma of addiction shame/guilt may keep people from treatment
Advantages of the moral model of addiction advocates personal responsibility empowers people to make good choices to get rid of addictive behaviour appeals to those who have world view based on right/wrong brings a spiritual component to counselling
Assumptions of the psychological model of addiction addiction is: driven by psychological stress used as a coping mechanism a secondary problem psychological problems are primary ‘addictive’ personality exists model can be helpful in explaining addiction
Advantages of the psychological model of addiction takes away guilt, shame & stigma associated addresses underlying reasons for substance abuse clinicians create & define treatment protocols & coping mechanisms by treating underlying issues may be less chance of relapse may give hope for full recovery
Disadvantages of the psychological model of addiction judgement based contributes to stigma, guilt, shame & blame may minimise complex nature of addiction may promote the stigma of addiction shame/guilt may keep people from treatment
Assumptions of the socio cultural model of addiction familial, peer & cultural influences play a large/primary role in substance abuse one must examine an individual in relation to his or her surrounding environment
Advantages of the socio cultural model of addiction encourages & promotes responsibility for some societal norms systemic approach prevention is a key factor in mitigating problem substance abuse helps to identify at-risk populations where prevention is needed helps teach about other cultural norms
Disadvantages of the socio cultural model of addiction counselling with more people becomes more complex. blame may be placed on culture rather than on the person could promote cultural stereotypes
Main assumptions of the bio psychosocial model of addiction many factors including biological, psychological & sociological can influence or cause addiction a complex combination of causes can all lead to a common pathway of addiction
Advantages of the bio psychosocial model of addiction it captures 'everything' promotes a team approach to treatment individualised, holistic & flexible treatment plans for those abusing substances
Disadvantages of the bio psychosocial model of addiction 'where does one start' syndrome can be too complex a process can create confusion & information overload
Alcohol affects which neurotransmitters? Endorphin, GABA, Serotonin, Dopamine
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