L1 Social Psychology - An intro to social Pscyh

Riya Vaidya
Flashcards by Riya Vaidya, updated more than 1 year ago
Riya Vaidya
Created by Riya Vaidya over 6 years ago


1. Dialogues and Debates in Social Psychology. 2. Approaches to Social Theorizing. 3. Levels of Explanation in Social Psychology. 4. Research Methods in Social Psychology.

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Question Answer
What is the definition of Social Psychology? It is the discipline in which people tend to understand explain the thoughts, feelings and actions of others.
What affects us more than people directly telling us they don't like us? People don't always have to say anything we often imagine that others don't like us.
What is self esteem more determined by? What we think people think of us as opposed to what they actually do think of us.
What kind of questions should social Psychologists ask? Should we look at individuals or society when
What kinds of issues should Social Psychologists study? anything, or should they study issues that help give back to society, benefiting society.
Should we always use experiments and try to isolate particular factors from everything else? Bring people and isolate them and expose them to subjection? Some questions you can't study in the lab, the method that we use is dependent on the question. S/P (always challenged) debates are a good things, knowledge develops this way.
What are the different approaches to S/P The cognitive, the biological, the learning, the motivational.
What is the cognitive perspective about? Focuses on how people tend to interpret things determines our actions.
What is the learning perspective about? Reinforcement, observational learning. reactions are based on how you have learned or reacted in the past or how you have seen other people act.
What is the motivational perspective about? Just as people have the need to eat, sleep and even sexual needs. We have Psychological needs, to belong, feel good about ourselves, have self esteem. these needs can have consequences on our behavior.
What is the biological perspective about? Our human social behaviour is determined by our evolutionary past. E.g. people are aggressive because of their genes. Women or men behave because of genes.
What are the different levels of analysis? The interpersonal, the intra-personal, the inter group and the societal level of analysis.
What is the intrapersonal? Usually to do with the causes of the inside people, can be genes or tempo rant. Charles Whitman, 25, Texas complained about painful headaches, and later shot people. Killed 14 people including his mum and sister. Dr found a tumor, assumed this was the cause. Cause is not necessarily due to societal pressures.
How many people are involved in the intrapersonal approach and how do S/P find out why someone did something? Approaches on the interpersonal level tend to be between the approaches between two people. if you wanted to explain why someone killed someone, S/P might examine relations with partner and mother, was wife going to leave him? Might of felt ganged up on...aggression in this case is cause by the relation with someone else.
Why did this guy kill his partner, mum and so many other people on an inter group level? Men are more aggressive than women, what is it about male culture that leads them to violence? Women are more aware of the pain consequences.
Societal level of the situation? Cultural effects on behaviour. Ask why these events tend to occur much more so in the USA than other countries/more in particular cultures? What is it about particular cultures that induce aggression? E.g. Malaysia when they were in battle and saw blood they would feel physically ill maybe this induces this less violent characteristic for those following Malaysian culture.
What is Archival Data? Hospital data, crime statistics, newspaper reports. E.g. The way that AA are portrayed in newspapers ('ape like') affects the way that they are treated in the US. (link between newspaper portrayals of AA and the way they are treated by the police, and other people in society.)
How do you find out how people are feeling or why they do certain things? To know the answers to certain problems e.g. the cotton and A lynch problem, you can't use archival data. But you can find things out through case studies, live with or spend weeks interviewing people. If you wanted to find out how people felt after the Christchurch Earthquake. How did people cope with the mine tragedy...YOU CANNOT generalise.
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