UNIT 1-3 TIMELINE: 1815 - 1840

Edusi
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Edusi
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Representation and Reform

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Question Answer
1815 END OF NAPOLEONIC WARS AGAINST FRANCE
1816 SPA FIELDS MEETING, LONDON Calls for reform ended in riots and looting
1817 PENTRIDGE RISING Failure to capture Nottingham Castle by unemployed textile workers
1817 THE BLANKETEERS A march to London by unemployed Manchester workers to present a petition to the Prince Regent broke up by troops
1819 PETERLOO MASACRE Meeting in St. Peter's Field, Manchester, to demand parliamentary reform, broke up by force, killing 11 people and wounding hundreds
1819 THE SIX ACTS The government makes peaceful protest difficult
1829 - 1830 DISTRESS IN TOWN AND COUNTRYSIDE High poor rates and high unemployment, price of corn kept price of bread high
1829 BIRMINGHAM POLITICAL UNION FOUNDED Pressure groups to focus and lead reform movements. Many political unions formed throughout Britain
1829 ROMAN CATHOLIC RELIEF ACT Roman Catholics given the right to vote in general elections and stand for election to the House of Commons
1830 MANY LEADING AND PROVINICIAL PAPERS IN FAVOUR OF PARLIAMENTARY REFORM Majority greatly reduced (Wellington PM) ministry later defeated civil list vote and Wellington resigns. King William IV asks Grey (Whig leader) to form a government Grey becomes Prime Minister.
1831-32 CHOLERA EPIDEMIC HITS BRITAIN Roughly 32,000 people die
1831 THIRD REFORM BILL Passes Commons easily but Lords employ delaying tactics. Grey asks King to create Pro-Reform peers: King refuses. Grey resigns. Country erupts in violence. Wellington fails to form a government. Grey back as PM and King agrees to create Pro-Reform peers. Threat enough and Bill passes through Lords.
1831 FIRST REFORM BILL Passed Commons by one vote. Parliament dissolved and general election held.
1831 GENERAL ELECTION Whigs returned with majority of 130
1831 SECOND REFORM BILL Passed by Commons easily but thrown out by Lords country erupts in violence
1832 REFORM BILL BECOMES REFORM ACT
1832 PARLIAMENTARY REFORM ACT Makes alterations to the franchise and to the distribution of seats
1832 GENERAL ELECTION 18% Adults males entitled to vote Whigs returned to power
1836 LONDON WORKING MEN'S ASSOCIATION (LWMA) FOUNDED Founder members were William Lovett, Francis Place and Henry Hetherington: they aimed to appeal to skilled workers seeking reform
1836 NATIONAL RADICAL ASSOCIATION OF SCOTLAND FOUNDED
1837 QUEEN VICTORIA ACCEDES TO THE TRHONE General election
1837 SIX POINTS OF THE 'PEOPLE'S CHARTER' WRITTEN Produced by members of the LWMA together with six radical MPs
1837 FIRST APPREANCE OF THE NORTHERN STAR Chartist newspaper printed in Leeds and edited by Feargus O'Connor
1838 PUBLICATION OF THE PEOPLE'S CHARTER Printed in London along with a national petition for Chartist to sign
1838 LONDON DEMOCRATIC ASSOCIATION FOUNDED A re-branding by George Julian Harney, of the East London Democratic Association (formed 1837) and intended to be the unskilled workers' alternative to the LWMA
1838 MASS RALLIES AND MEETINGS Held throughout the country, many to elect delegates to a national convention
1839 YEAR OF ACTION FEBRURAY National Convention met in London MAY National Convention moved to Birmingham JUNE First Chartist petition (1.28 million signature) presented to parliament JULY Riots at the Bull Ring in Birmingham, followed by the return of the National Convention to London. Rejection of Chartist petition by Parliament (235 votes to 46). National Convention proposed strike action know as 'Sacred Month. AUGUST 'Sacred Month' called off: Convention dissolved NOVEMBER Newport Rising in Monmouthshire
1840 THE END OF CHARTISM? JANUARY Attempted rising in Sheffield and Bradford. Many Chartists, including leaders, arrested, tried and imprisoned.
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