UNIT 4 - 5 TIMELINE: 1840 - 1885

Edusi
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Edusi
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Challenges and consequences: Chartism 1841-58 The triumph of democracy

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1840 NATIONAL CHARTER ASSOCIATION FOUNDED JULY The Chartist conference in Manchester forms the NCA and attempts to reinvigorate the movement. Lovett released from prison. Local groups nominate delegates to a general council.
1841 SECOND CHARTIST PETITION LAUNCHED APRIL National Association founded by William Lovett as a rival to the more militant NCA AUGUST Feargus O'Connor released from prison. SEPTEMBER NCA agrees to present another Petition. General trade depression lead to increased Chartist support.
1842 PRESENTATION OF SECOND PETITION TO PARLIAMENT APRL Chartist Convention meets in London MAY Second Chartist Petition rejected by parliament SUGUST - SEPTEMBER Industrial unrest, including 'Plug Plot' riots supported by Chartists OCTOBER Trials of Chartist leaders following their arrests
1843 CHARTIST LAND PLAN ESTABLISHED MARCH O'Connor tried in Lancaster, convicted on minor charges and released. SEPTEMBER Chartist Convention agrees to support O'Connor's Land Plan to buy land on which to settle Chartists
1847 CHARTIST SETTLEMENT First Chartists' colony (O'Connorville) opened in Hertfordshire. O'Connor elected MP for Nottingham
1848 YEAR OF REVOLUTION FEBRUARY Revolution in France, followed by widespread revolutions across Europe. MARCH Riots in London, Manchester and Glasgow APRIL Massive Chartist demonstration in London on Kennington Common: third Chartist Petition rejected by parliament. MAY-JUNE Chartist riots in London and Bradford. Chartist land colonies opened in Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire
1851 CHARTIST LAND COMPANY CLOSED DOWN Chartist Convention adopts programme and socio-democratic reform AUGUST National Co-operative Land Company wound up DECEMBER Ernst Jones and George Julian Harney resign from NCA
1852 REFORM BILL BROUGHT IN BY LORD JOHN RUSSELL'S GOVERNMENT (LIBERAL) Proposed to extend the vote to men living in property in boroughs worth £5 a year and in the counties, £10. Radicals opposed the Bill as it didn't go far enough: others opposed it as it went too far, and so Russell withdrew the Bill
1852 ERNST JOMES AND GEORGE JULLIAN HARNEY IN CONTROL OF CHARTISM MARCH Last issue of the Northern Star JUNE O'Connor declared insane. Support drifts away as economy revives
1853 REFORM BILL BROUGHT IN BY LORD JOHN RUSSELL'S GOVERNMENT (LIBERAL) Proposed to extend the vote to £10 county and £6 borough householders. Bill fell on outbreak of the Crimean War.
1858 LAST CHARTIST CONVENTION HELD Agreement made to co-operation with moderates to press for further parliamentary reform
1859 REFORM BILL BROUGHT BY EARL OF DERBY'S GOVERNMENT (CONSERVATIVE) Proposed to extend the vote to £10 householders in Boroughs and Counties, and no redistribution of Seats. Minority government, and Bill defeated in the House of Commons by 39 votes
1864 FORMATION OF NATIONAL REFORM UNION A mainly middle-class organisation pledged to fight for household suffrage and redistribution of seats.
1865 BAD HARVEST Widespread distress
1865 DEATH OF PALMERSTON (LIBERAL) Palmerston had been a leading opponent, within the Liberal Party, of further reform
1865 FORMATION OF REFORM LEAGUE A mainly working class organisation pledged to fight for universal manhood suffrage
1866 REFORM BILL BROUGHT IN BY LORD RUSSELL'S GOVERNMENT (LIBERAL) Introduced in Commons by Gladstone. Proposed to extend the vote to £14 county and £7 borough house holders, lodgers paying £10 a year rent, men £50 savings and to redistribute some seats. Bill defeated by a combination of Conservatives and some liberals. Government falls.
1866 - 67 CHOLERA EPIDEMIC 14,000 people die
1866 FINANCILA CRISIS Speculation leads to the collapse of over end and gurney, a leading London financial house
1867 REFORM BILL BROUGHT IN BY THE EARL OF DERBY (CONSERVATIVE) Introduced in Commons by Disralei, who accepts a range of radical amendments. Bill accepted by parliament and becomes law
1872 BALLOT ACT Voting in general elections and by elections becomes secret
1883 THE CORRUPT AND ILLEGAL PRACTICES PREVENTION ACT Wipes out the more severe forms of bribery and coercion
1884 THE REPRESENTATION OF THE PEOPLE ACT 1884 (THE FRANCHISE ACT) The counties are given house holder representation
1885 THE REDISTRIBUTION OF SEATS ACT Seats are redistributed more sensibly to reflect the population distribution
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