Module 1- organic chemistry keywords

09sstallard
Flashcards by 09sstallard, updated more than 1 year ago
09sstallard
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Flashcards on Module 1- organic chemistry keywords, created by 09sstallard on 01/30/2015.

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Question Answer
Functional Group The part of the molecule responsible for its chemical properties which is attached to some point on the carbon background.
Homologous Series Compounds with the following properties: -same functional group -similar chemical properties -each successive member differs by 1 carbon and 2 hydrogen atoms.
Hydrocarbons (saturated and unsaturated) Organic compounds containing carbon and hydrogen only. Saturated- with single bonds only Unsaturated- containing Carbon=Carbon double bonds
Empirical Formula The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element present in a compound.
General formula The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous series.
Aliphatic alkane A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight or branched chains
Alicyclic Alkane Hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring structure.
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