Aquinas

cozmasaskia
Flashcards by cozmasaskia, updated more than 1 year ago
cozmasaskia
Created by cozmasaskia over 5 years ago
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as Philosophy (Teleological Argument) Flashcards on Aquinas, created by cozmasaskia on 04/27/2015.
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1st way Motion : 1) Motion leads to other motion 2) Can't infinitely regress 3) Therefore God
2nd way Cause / effect : 1) Everything is caused and is an effect 2) Can't infinitely regress 3) Therefore God - contains own cause within self
3rd way Contingency / necessity : 1) Everything is contingent 2) There was a point where there was no existence 3) Therefore God exists necessarily
4th way Gradation of being : 1) There is a scale of good to bad 2) must be an ultimate good to compare to to see how good something is 3) Therefore must be a supreme good - God
5th way Purpose / Telos 1) Things move towards their purpose 2) Must be an ultimate purpose 3) God is this purpose
Analogy for purpose Archer shooting the arrow : (Archer = God, Arrow = object being directed) Inanimate objects can't move towards their end themselves Therefore God directs it
Criticisms 1) Assumes natural world has a purpose 2) SWINBURNE - not 'satisfactory' as it doesn't answer if God imposes regularity 3) 'Brute fact' argument
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