The Last WYNTK Cole Conner

connecol000
Flashcards by connecol000, updated more than 1 year ago
connecol000
Created by connecol000 almost 6 years ago
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The Last WYNTK

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Question Answer
Amendment A change to an official document.
Assimilate To fully adopt a new culture. Americans wanted Native Americans to assimilate to the American culture.
Bias Having favor over one thing.
Bicameral Two houses. 1. The House of Representatives 2. The Senate
Blockade Closing off something usually to stop goods or resources from entering or leaving an area.
Boomtown A town that has increased in population very quickly and is doing well economically.
Capitalism An economic system that lets individuals work hard for their own wealth and prosperity.
Captain of Industry A person who gained wealth because of his great business skills and donates a lot of money to charity.
Checks and Balances A system in which all branches of government have the power to check on the other branches. This lets no branch become too powerful.
Congress The national legislative group made up of The Senate and The House of Representatives.
Due Process of Law The regular way court cases are done. The same fair judgment an individual has the right to in the United States of America.
Economics The production, consumption and the transfer of wealth in a certain area.
Emancipated To be freed from bondage. This usually relates to the freedom of slaves.
Enfranchise To have the right to vote.
Enumerated To put something in an order one by one. The Bill of Rights is an example.
Federalism The system in which the power of the government is divided up to the National, State and Local governments.
Forty-niners Pioneers who moved west to become rich off the gold during the Gold Rush.
Free Enterprise An economic law that lets people that live in the U.S. open businesses and compete with others and the government has minimal power over it.
Habeas Corpus The right that all American citizens get a free trial before being judged on whether to go to jail or not.
Industry The act of manufacturing or producing technology to enhance the world.
Judicial The branch of government that makes the decision on whether an act is constitutional or not. Holds the Supreme Court.
Ku Klux Klan A group of white men that wanted white supremacy so they raided, killed and scared African Americans or anyone who opposed them.
Manifest Destiny The belief that god wanted to stretch the United States of America from coast to coast.
Martyr A person who gives up their life for a cause they strongly believe in.
Monopoly A business or group of businesses that have total control or power over a type of industry.
Nomadic Moving from place to place and not staying anywhere for very long and not having a home.
Override To change or beat a Bill that is proposed.
Popular Sovereignty A political idea that the people have the power and tell the government what to do.
Ratify To say yes or pass a Bill
Radical To an extreme extent.
Republicanism Favoring the republican party as the best form of government
Robber Baron A businessman who will do anything to atain wealth, usually paying workers low and giving them poor working conditions.
Rural The countryside away from the city.
Seperation of Powers The system in which the power of the government is divided up into three branches.
Social Darwinism The theory that the people with the stronger or smarter genes will survive or prospur and the others will not.
Suffrage The right to vote.
Supreme Court The highest court in the United States of America, in the Judicial Branch.
Tariff A tax to be paid by a certain class or for a certain product.
Taxation without representation To tax people without their say in what the money goes to buy or pay for.
Trade Union Workers who get together to petition for better wages or safer working conditions.
Urban The downtowns or heavily populated cities.
Veto To reject an official document.
Thomas Jefferson The third president of the United States. He was one of the authors of the Declaration of Independence.
Andrew Jackson Our 7th president. Before he was president he helped gain the Florida Territory by invading Spanish forts. He enforced the Indian Removal Act, which removed Native Americans from the east coast to Oklahoma.
Sacagawea A Native American guide for Lewis and Clark in their search for a North West Passage Way.
James Polk Known as "Mr. Manifest Destiny". He gained the most land for the United States.
Fredrick Douglass A freed slave who wrote an autobiography about how bad slavery was. It became very popular in the North.
Harriet Beecher Stowe A wealthy white lady who wrote the fictional book "Uncle Tom's Cabin", which told the story of a enslaved family.
John Brown A man who was against slavery. He was from Kansas and killed lots of people who were for slavery. His biggest event was his raid on Harpers Ferry. He wanted to get weapons to arm slaves. This plan failed and he was caught.
Robert E. Lee The major Confederate general in the Civil War. He won many battles even though he was heavily outnumbered. He eventually lost to Ulysses S. Grant.
Andrew Johnson Known as the "Veto President" because he vetoed all of the bills that the Radical Republicans tried to pass. They ended up passing though because of the 2/3rds vote. He wanted the South to come back into the Union free of charge.
Susan B. Anthony A leader of the women's suffrage moment.
Sitting Bull A Native American who fought against the removal of the Indians and spread the Ghost Dance.
George Custer A Civil War general who massacared the Native Americans at Wounded Knee and was killed at the Battle of Bull Run
Cornelius Vanderbilt A billionare who helped build America in the Gilded Age and made his fortune of railroads and started Vanderbilt Unniversity.
John Rockefeller A multi billionare whos money was almost uncountable. He gained his wealth in the oil business.
Andrew Carnegie A billionare who helped build American cities. He invested his money in steel making factories and gained lots of money. He donated lots of money to libraries, schools and art.
Jamestown The first English colony in North America.
Plymouth The pilgrims landed here 13 years after Jamestown was settled. They came to North America for religious freedom. They had the first Thanksgiving.
Lexington and Concord In April 1775 the British army was sent to confiscate the rebels' weapons but were attacked by a group of colonials. The British soldiers are defeated. This sparked the Revolutionary War.
Erie Canal The Erie Canal opened up New York City as a major trade route because the canal connected the great lakes with the ocean.
The Alamo The Alamo took place in Texas in 1836. It was a battle between Mexico and America. The Texans defended the mission very bravely and killed hundreds of Mexican soldiers but were eventually killed because the Mexican army was so strong.
Harper's Ferry The raid on Harper's Ferry was planned by John Brown and his sons. His plan was to raid the government armory and arm slaves with weapons. His plan failed and John Brown was killed.
Fort Sumter The fort was surrounded by Confederate ships and barraged by cannons. There were no casualties due to the forts surrender. This was the first battle of the Civil War.
Gettysburg Gettysburg is a small town in Pennsylvania where the Battle of Gettysburg was fought. This was the battle witht the most casualties in the war and resulted in a Union victory.
Appottomox Courthouse This is where General Lee surredered his army. This was basically the end of the Civil War.
Ford's Theater This is where president Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.
Promontory Point, Utah This is where Union and Central Pacific Railroad companies met witht the railroad across America.
Ellis Island and Angel Island These two islands is where the new immegrents from other countries came to America. Immegrents from Asia went to Angel Island and immegrents from Europe went to Ellis Island.
Declaration of Independence This was the start of our country. We declared our independence from England on July 4th, 1776.
Revolutionary War This war started with the Battles of Lexington and Concord. The English Colonies were heavily outnumbered but still one and they created the United States of America.
Articles of Confederation This was the first Constitution of the U.S. and failed because it had the rules but nothing to enforce them.
Great Compromise This compromised said that there should be two houses, one that has representatives based on the states population (House of Reps.) and the other have two representatives from each state (Senate).
Passing of the Constitution The Constitution took a while to pass because of the failed Articles of Confederation and the Bill of Rights had to be added. It was finally approved on June 21, 1788
Adding The Bill of Rights People didn't want the government to have to much power like it did in England so they came up with the Bill of Rights to protect the individual citizen from the government.
Louisiana Purchase Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Purchase from France. This nearly doubled the United States.
Missouri Compromise The Compromise said that any states above the 36' 30 ' line is free and anything below is a slave state.
Indian Removal Acts (Trail of Tears) Andrew Jackson put on the Indian Removal Acts which moved Native Americans from the East side of the Mississippi River to the West side.
Mexican-American War This war was fought between Mexico and America. America won and gained all of the Spanish territory of California, Texas, Arizona and New Mexico.
California Gold Rush Took place in 1849 where people rushed to California because gold was found and people wanted to become rich.
Homestead Act This Act was issued by the government and gave anyone who was willing to live on the frontier free land in the West.
Industrial Revolution During this time period, America changed from a rural, agricultural society to a urban, industrial society.
Underground Railroad The Underground Railroad was a secret pathway for slaves to escape and get to the north. This was organized and led by Harriet Tubman.
Seneca Falls Convention This convention was the first meeting of women who led the women's suffrage movement.
Compromise of 1850 This compromise admitted California as a free state and gave the new Spanish territory the ability to vote whether to be a slave state or free state.
Kansas-Nebraska Act It overruled the Missouri Compromise and allowed Kansas and Nebraska to become free states even though they were above the 36' 30' line.
Dred Scott v. Sanford This debate was over Dred Scott who was a slave from Missouri, but then moved to Illinois with his master which is a free state. He wanted his freedom due to living in a free state vs. slave state. This was ruled in Sanford's favor because Scott was bought in Missouri as a slave.
Fugitive Slave Act This Act allowed masters of escaped slaves to go and find them anywhere in the United States.
Bleeding Kansas This was a bad period of time for Kansas. There were many fights between the bushwhackers and Jayhawkers over whether Kansas should be a free or slave state.
Civil War This war had the most American casualties. This war was between the Confederate States of America who broke off from the U.S. and the Union.
Emancipation Proclamation Abraham Lincoln issued this in 1863 and freed all slaves in the rebellious states.
Civil War draft riots These riots were over being drafted in the Civil War. The rich people who had the money could buy their way out of the war, but the poor could not. So they burned and wrecked politicians and the rich houses.
Gettysburg Address This was a speech given by Abraham Lincoln after the Battle of Gettysburg. He wrote this speech on the back of a napkin on his way on the train to Gettysburg.
Reconstruction This was the period after the Civil War when the North and the South tried to get back together.
Civil War Amendments The 13th Amendment freed all slaves throughout the U.S. The 14th Amendment gave the freed slaves citizenship. The 15th Amendment gave freed slaves the Right to Vote.
Completion of the Trans-Continental Railroad When the railroad was completed, goods could be transported from coast to coast.
Indian Wars The Indian Removal Act angered Native Americans and sparked the rebellion and battles between the US Government and the Native American Tribes.
Gilded Age This was a period in history when the U.S. became very wealthy and gained a strong economy because of Andrew Carnegie, John Rockefeller, Cornelius Vanderbilt and J.P. Morgan.
Populist Party This Party was started by Kansas farmers to defend the rights of common people. It was the voice of the common people.
Plessy v. Ferguson This court case was over segregation of schools and facilities between African Americans and Caucasians. It was ruled "separate, but equal".
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