LAW REFORM

hollie.manning96
Flashcards by , created over 4 years ago

Flashcards on LAW REFORM, created by hollie.manning96 on 06/01/2015.

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hollie.manning96
Created by hollie.manning96 over 4 years ago
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Question Answer
HOW CAN LAW BE REFORMED? - Parliament (brings up new legislation) - Judges (judicial precedent) - Law reform agencies (Law commission) - Pressure groups (pressurise govt) - Europe (must be inkeeping with their law) - Royal commissions (specific areas of law - royal commission of police powers)
WHAT ARE THE WAYS IN WHICH PARLIAMENT REFORMS LAW? + EXAMPLES - Repeal, to abolish an existing law (Easter Act) - Creation, to create a new law or adapt an existing one (OAP act) - Consolidation, combines statutes on a particular subject in one statute (Powers of criminal court sentencing act) - Codification, law developed over time to create a large body or common law and case law, one statute to contain everything (Sexual Offences Act) Consolidation & Codification carried out by the law commission
HOW DO JUDGES REFORM THE LAW? WHAT ISSUES ARE THERE? The process of judical precedent - Democracy and accountability issues - Judges are not elected - Hard to be removed due to security of tenure
WHAT ARE THE THREE LAW REFORM AGENCIES? Law Reform Committee (civil law) Criminal Law Revision Committee (criminal law) Law Commission (both civil and criminal)
WHEN WAS THE LAW COMMISSION CREATED? WHO WORKS THERE? FULL OR PART TIME? WHAT TYPE OF LAW DOES IT DEAL WITH? + EXAMPLES - 1965 - Chairmen, high court judge + 4 other commissioners - Full time - Civil and criminal - CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT