Unit 1: Language and Information Vocabulary

Flashcards by ktlemonhead, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by ktlemonhead over 5 years ago


Vocabulary for Unit 1 of IB English HL.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Language a method of communication (spoken or written) using words in a structured and conventional way
Medium (plural: media) means or instruments of communication such as television or a newspaper
Register a variety of language which is distinctive because of a specific context created by choices a speaker makes in each area of language production
Discourse spoken or written communication
field the purpose or role for which the language is used (part of Register)
mode medium of communication (part of Register)
tenor the social roles prescribed for or adopted by participants in the communication situation (part of Register)
FROZEN pre-determined/ritualistic (example of Register)
FORMAL speeches and presentations (example of Register)
CONSULTATIVE dialogue that includes some off-hand, informal language (example of register)
CASUAL used in group discussions with friends; includes gaps, interruptions, pauses, errors, and personal "inside" words (example of Register)
INTIMATE private conversations between close friends and family where tone, volume, and unspoken suggestions may be just as important as spoken words (example of register)
Style manipulation of register creates this; this makes a communicative act distinctive
who, says what, how, to whom, with what effect communicator, message, medium, receiver, effect
remediation when information is transformed from its original medium and is re-presented in a new mode (ex. book to movie)
signifier (sr) the form which the sign takes
signified (sd) the concept it represents (abstract idea)
sign the whole that results from association of the signifier with the signified
anchorage describes a caption's general function in tethering the meaning of an image
relay the words and pictures stand in a complimentary relationship and tell a story equally
Newsworthiness determined by: -sensationalism -relevancy -extraordinariness
manufactured consent the medias ability to give the impression that everyone agrees about something
personalization bias takes a complicated issue and creates a "poster child"
dramatization bias creates heightened sensationalism / tried to tie it up with a bow to make the readers feel good
fragmentation/isolation bias event happens--people focus on the event but ignore what led to that event
authority-disorder bias depicting authority as being in chaos in order to increase sensationalism
selection/omission/censorship bias a news organization tries to manufacture consent by leaving something out
Attacking the Person (ad hominem) attacks a person using unrelated facts instead of focusing on relevant issues
Circular Reasoning ("begging the question") argument that starts and ends in the same place: the conclusion assumes you accept the premise
False Cause and Effect (post hoc ergo procter hoc) correlation does not imply causation
Hasty Generalizations (oversimplification) arriving at a conclusion with insufficient evidence
Appeal to Ignorance (as ignatorium) something is false because something else is not known to be true
Half-Truth (equivocation) an intentionally deceptive statement that includes only part of the truth
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