Separate But Equal Flashcards

Zaria Humphrey5353
Flashcards by Zaria Humphrey5353, updated more than 1 year ago
Zaria Humphrey5353
Created by Zaria Humphrey5353 over 5 years ago
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Separate But Equal Flashcards

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Question Answer
14th Amendment one of the Civil War Amendments, defined US citizenship and guarantees "equal protection under the laws"
De jure segregation segregation established by law. For example Jim Crow and the Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson
De facto segregation Latin phrase that means "by fact". Segregation that occurred NOT by law but as a result of tradition. Ex. In 1900's blacks and whites attended separate churches.
Jim Crow laws segregation laws in the South
Original jurisdiction authority of a court to hear a case for the FIRST time.
Appellate jurisdiction authority of a court to hear a case APPEALED from a lower court.
Legal brief a written document explaining the position of one side or the other in a case.
Majority opinion a statement that presents the views of the majority of the Supreme Court justices regarding a case.
Dissenting opinion a statement written by a supreme court justice who disagrees with the majority opinion, presenting his or her own opinion.
"stare decisis" principle followed by judges and the Supreme Court: a Latin term that means "Let yesterday's decision stand"
Precedent a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case. ex. the case Plessy v. Ferguson established the precedent of "separate but equal"
Due process of laws means fair and equal treatment in a court of law. 5th and 14th amendments mention due process of laws.
Reverend J. A. Delaine - A Local Pastor - TeacherAt Liberty Hill Elementary School
Harry Briggs Jr. Far Right Corner.. - A Little Boy That Walked To School Everyday 5Miles There And Back
Thurgood Marshall - An Associate Justice Of The Supreme Court
John W. Davis - An American Politician - Diplomat and Lawyer - Served As A US Representative
Earl Warren - An American Jurist And Politician - Served As The 30th Governor Of California
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) case of a slave named Dred Scott. The Supreme Court ruled that enslaved African Americans were property, not citizens, and had no rights under the Constitution.
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) case about Homer Plessy, a black man, who purchased a ticket to ride in the whites only railroad car in Louisiana. Case established "separate but equal" doctrine.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954) banned segregation in public schools.
Briggs v. Elliot (1954) case that challenged segregated schools in Clarendon County, South Carolina
Korematsu v. United States (1944) During WWII Japanese American Citizens living on the West Coast were moved to internment camps. Supreme Court upheld the Presidents power to issue an executive order, checks and balances, and judicial review.
University of California v. Bakke (1978) Supreme Court case on affirmative action. It bars use of racial quota systems in college admissions but also affirmative action programs are constitutional.
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