Organic Nitrates and nitrites

Lav Patel
Flashcards by Lav Patel, updated more than 1 year ago
Lav Patel
Created by Lav Patel over 5 years ago
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medchem

Resource summary

Question Answer
AMYL NITRITE Volatile, so it is placed in ampules which you put into your nose It is rapidly taken in (10 seconds to work) provides instantaneous relief
NITROGLYCERIN Can be sub lingual spray, tablets, iv infusion, tablets for prophylaxis, or a transdermal patch (12 hr DOA) Hydrophobic and passes through skin well Can be explosive
Isosorbide Mononitrate Longer DOA than NG as tablets
Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate Taken off the market Used as a plastic explosive
Isorbide Dinitrate Sublingual Tabs, sprays, gum Most have disappeared Not any better than NG Still available as Tabs
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