Preguntas cortas

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Preguntas cortas tema 3

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Question Answer
At what year died people in XVIII century? And in XIX century? In XVIII century at 38 and in XIX century at 50.
When did start the Industrial Revolution? And where? At the middles of XVIII century in Great Britain.
Why did increase the population in the European societies industralization? An increase of foods demand and the increase of agricultural prices.
How did work the first machine? At the begining they were powered by human strength, but after by hydraulic power.
What was the first industry which begin to work? The cotton industry.
What did invent Bessermer? A converter to transform iron in steal.
What did it mean the use of railway? The journeys were shorter, safer and cheaper.
What was the most important innovation of the locomotive front the railway? It´s powered by a steam engine.
What did increase the internal trade? The transport system.
What were the principles of liberalism? -The search of maximum benefit is the killing of the economy. - The supply and demand balance the market. -The State can´t intervene in the economy.
Why were the banks important during the capitalism? Because delivered money to the companies, bought shares and facilitated the payments.
Where did extend the capitalism industrial? When? France and Belgium at the beggining of XIX century and between 1850-1870 in Russia, Germany, USA and Japan.
When and where wars the oil beging to extract? In USA. In the XIX century.
What were the characteristics of serial production? Better way to increase productivity, reduce time spend and reduce manufacturing costs.
Why the bourguesoie became the hemegonic grow? Due to to be the owner of industries and bussines.
Who were the factorie' s workers? They formed the industrial proletariat, were the most numerous and dissadvantaged in the new society group.
What did create the workers to defend their interests? Mutual aid societies.
What did Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels do? They reported the working class and defended the need of the workers revolution to destroy the capitalism.
What were the anarchists opposed? Participation in political life and the Organization of workers in political parties.
What did defend the Marxists and anarchists? The defended the need to unite the efforts of the working class against capitalism.
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