Congress Vocabulary

Esmeralda Mendoza
Flashcards by Esmeralda Mendoza, updated more than 1 year ago
Esmeralda Mendoza
Created by Esmeralda Mendoza over 5 years ago
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Congress Vocabulary for civics

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Question Answer
Bicameral two branches or chambers
House of Representatives larger body of Congress, has 435 voting members allotted to the states according to population.
Constituents population count
Gerrymander oddly shaped district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group
Senate has 100 members-2 from each of 50 states
Speaker of the House presiding officer of the House and the leader of the majority party, the Speaker has great power.
President pro tempore constitutionally recognized officer of a legislative body who presides over the chamber in the absence of the normal presiding officer.
Party Whips "enforcers", who typically offer inducements and threaten party members to ensure that they vote according to the official party policy
Standing Committe permanent committees
Select Committee small legislative committee appointed for a special purpose
Joint Committee committee made up of members of both chambers of a bicameral legislature
Seniority System party leaders consider members' preferences, expertise, and loyalty to the party. Key factor=seniority, or years of service
Expressed Powers powers of Congress specifically listed in the Constitution.
Implied Powers powers authorized by a document (from the Constitution) that, while not stated, seem to be implied by powers expressly stated.
Elastic Clause a statement in the U.S. Constitution (Article I, Section 8) granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers
Impeach an accuse to officials of misconduct in office
Bills of Attainder Laws that punish a person without jury trial
Ex Post Facto Laws- Laws that make an act a crime after the act has been committed.
US Representative Qualifications 25 yrs old; live in state you plan to represent; US citizen for at least 7 years;
Franking Privilege Senators & representative can send job-related mail without paying postage
Pork Barrel Projects Government projects and grants that primarily benefit home district or state
US Senator Qualifications 30 years; live in state they represent; 9 years US citizen
Filibuster Talk a bill to death
Cloture In a legislative assembly, a procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote
Veto Refuse to sign a bill
Pocket Veto An indirect veto of a legislative bill by the president or a governor by retaining the bill unsigned until it is too late for it to be dealt with during the legislative session.
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