Congress Vocab

Flashcards by nrdillard, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by nrdillard about 6 years ago


Congress vocab

Resource summary

Question Answer
Bicameral A legislative body that has two branches
House of Representatives Lower house of the United States Congress.
Constituents A member of a constituency.
Gerrymander To favor one party or class.
Senate Any of various legislative or governing bodies
Speaker of the House The presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
President pro tempore A constitutionally recognized officer of a legislative body who presides over the chamber in the absence of the normal presiding officer.
Party whips Whips are a party's "enforcers", who typically offer inducements and threaten party members to ensure that they vote according to the official party policy
Standing committee Standing committees are permanent legislative panels established by the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate rules.
Select committee A small legislative committee appointed for a special purpose.
Joint committee A committee made up of members of both chambers of a bicameral legislature.
Seniority system Seniority on a committee is based on length of time serving on that committee
Expressed powers The Power to tax and spend for the defense and general welfare of the U.S.
Implied powers There necessary to implement the expressed powers that are named in Article I.
elastic clause Grants Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers.
impeach to accuse the president of misconduct
bills of attainder an act of a legislature declaring a person or group of persons guilty of some crime and punishing them without a trial.
ex post facto laws a law that changes the legal consequences of actions that were committed
US Representative Qualifications Must be at least 25 years old , be a citizen of the united states for seven years, and live in the state that they represent
franking privilege allows Members of Congress to transmit mail matter under their signature without having to pay
pork barrell projects government spending for localized projects secured solely or primarily to bring money to a representative's district.
US Senator Qualifications Must be at least 30 years old, must be a U.S. citizen for at least nine years, and live in the state that they represent
filibuster a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures.
cloture a motion or process in parliamentary procedure aimed at bringing debate to a quick end.
veto constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.
pocket veto a legislative maneuver that allows a president or other official with veto power to exercise that power over a bill by taking no action
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