Anglo Saxons

Joanna Henney
Flashcards by Joanna Henney, updated more than 1 year ago
Joanna Henney
Created by Joanna Henney over 5 years ago
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Flashcards on Anglo Saxons, created by Joanna Henney on 12/08/2015.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Who were laws made by? Kings, after consulting Nobels
What was the hue and cry? raising the alarm by shouts and cries when a crime was committed. Everyone who heard had to help catch the criminal
When was the tithing system introduced, and what was it? 10th century, a group of 10 men over the age of 12 who were responsible for each other's behaviour. All men had to belong to a tithing, and if a member broke the law the others had to bring them to court or face a fine.
How would you describe their system of law-enforcement? Community-based
What was Wergild? The value placed on every human being and their property. If a person was killed, injured, or had property stolen, the victim's family was paid compensation. E.g. breaking someone's arm costed 6 shillings.
What were the courts in Anglo-Saxon times? Royal courts- King decided serious cases Shire courts- every shire and county and dealt with serious cases Hundred courts- local cases Private courts- landowners for minor local cases
How were people tried? The accused and the accuser told their version of events to the jury, and the jury decided who was telling the truth. If there was no clear evidence, the jury used their experience of the people concerned.
What happened if a jury could not decide? Trial by ordeal- the person had to fast for 3 days beforehand
What were the four trials by ordeal? trial by hot iron, trial by hot water, trial by cold water, trial by consecrated bread
What trial was usually taken by women and how did it work? Trial by hot iron- had to carry a hot iron for 3 metres. The wound was bandaged, and if it was clean 3 days later they were innocent
Which trials were generally taken by men? Hot water and cold water. Hot water was similar to hot iron- had to pick up an object out of hot water. Cold water - the accused was lowered into water on the edge of a rope and if he sank below the level of a knot he was innocent
Which trial was taken by priests? Trial by consecrated bread- they believed if they chocked on it they were guilty as God wouldn't let sinners eat the consecrated bread
What was a blood feud? Allowed by early Saxon kings- the family of a murdered person could track down and kill the murderer. It led to more violence, and was later abolished.
What was the Wergild for killing a normal person vs a nobleman? 100 vs 300 shillings
What happened if you couldn't pay Wergild? You were sent into slavery
What happened if you didn't attend court? you were outlawed
What was the punishment for stealing from a church? Getting your hand cut off- this showed how highly they held religion
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