Theories of Aesthetics

Caro Fine
Flashcards by Caro Fine, updated more than 1 year ago
Caro Fine
Created by Caro Fine over 5 years ago
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Flashcards on Theories of Aesthetics, created by Caro Fine on 12/17/2015.

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Question Answer
Aesthetics A philosophical subdivision dealing with the nature of beauty, and hence, the arts, architecture, and taste
Aesthetic Perception A sensory, emotional, and cultural perception of the surrounding world
Zeitgeist The spirit of a mindset of time and place, where the holder of aesthetic vision resides Cannot be fully separated from aesthetic perception
"De re aedificatoria" ("On the Art of Building") or ("Ten books of Architecture") Written by Leon Battista Alberti 1443-1452
Plato Says form is unchanging, uncreated, and indestructible Father of philosophical idealism
"The School of Athens" Painted by Raphael 1509-1511
Aristotle He describes the Ideal Form by looking at the shape of the object The chief forms of beauty are order, symmetry, and definiteness Beauty is objective
Canon of Polykleitos Formulates the proportion between elements of an ideal human body
Wounded Amazon Sculpture by Polykleitos 5th Century BC Musei Capitolini Roma
Pompeii Left clues behind of rituals of initiation into adult life Humans with distinct social roles
Vitruvius Viewed beauty as an abstract ideal form of an architectural canon or order
Vitruvian Man Drawn by Leonardo Da Vinci Based on Vitruvius' notes on human proportion 1490
Doric Order The Temple of Hephaistos in Athens
Ionic Order Erechtheum, Acropolis of Athens, Greece
Corinthian Order The Maison Caree (Sqaure House), Nimes, France
Neo- Platonism Developed by Plotinus Beauty chiefly applies to the sense of sight and hearing Symmetry is the primary component of beauty
Antiquity Symmetry as an absolute principle of creation and beauty
Medieval Symmetry is secondary to proportion
God vs. Artist Augustine's distinction- God's work was original and beautiful, but artists work was trying to mimic it Human creation needed to find rules and essentials of beauty in order to create it
Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite God is the ultimate beauty and beautiful Everything strives to be such beautiful Everything else is valuable as it reflects or incorporates Godly light
Basilica of Saint Apollinare in Classe The incorporeal light is God's light and gives splendor to the whole of creation
Thomas Aquino Claimed beauty was in the form of an object "Set the arts free" from the obligation to only serve religious purposes (i.e. Duomo di Siena, 1370)
Chinese philosophy Beauty is that the phenomenal world mirrors the way of Dao (Nature) -In society with social order (Confucius) -with nature (Dao, Fengshui)
Nature Philosophy Perfect beauty resides in the ideal prototypes of all things
Early Christian and Medieval Philosophy Belongs solely to the God and the afterlife Earthly life will never reach the beauty of the Godly kingdom
Early Islamic Philosophy Seeing beauty in the things seeking perfection Put God at the center of the aesthetic perfection and contemplation
"The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy: Complete and Unabridged" Written by Jacob Burckhardt 1818-1897
Fillippo Brunelleschi Invented the experiment with perspective
"De Divina Proportione" Written by Luca Paciolli Illustrates the Golden Ratio by Leonardo da Vinci
Golden Ratio Mathematics- if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the to quantities Geometry- golden logarithmic spiral with a specific growth factor
Villa Emo Andrea Palladio Uses the Golden Mean in the proportions of the central block, rooms, and front elevation 1555-1558
Modernity and Baroque Craftsmanship alone could not have supplied the correct measurements and proportions, the genius and mind of the artist helped
"Aesthetica" Classicism and Enlightenment By Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten 1750
"The Critique of Judgement" Classicism and Enlightenment Written by Immanuel Kant 1790
Classicist Architecture Supposed to be rational Built using strict canons that would reflect the harmony and the logics of the world and the creation
Romanticism- Historicism and Orientalism Neuschwanstein Castle, Romanesque Revival, Eduard Riedel 1892 Royal Pavillion, Brighton, England, Indo-Saracenic Revival, John Nash, 1787-1823
Crystal Palace The long 19th century and the aesthetics of a new technology and materials Joseph Paxton, London 1851
Modernism The break-up with the "Old World" and the creation of a new one
War Machine The Cathedral of light above the Zeppelintribune, Nurnberg Albert Speer 1934
Apartment-block housing A residential neighborhood in Moscow Nakagin Capsule Tower, Kisho Kurokawa
Disaster-proof architecture Riyadh Metro Station, Saudi Arabia, Zaha Hadid Flood Harvesting Housing, GRO Architects
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