TEST 3 OPTHALMOLOGY\ 2 TREATMENT of each slide.

قناتنا العلمية
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قناتنا العلمية
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A new help from Atebaa219 for self-examination after styding :) 2 TREATMENT of each slide.

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Herpes Simplex Keratitis (Dendritic Ulcer) Atropine • Acyclovir (Ointment 3%, 5 times/day for 2 weeks).
Spring Catarrah Treatment: A. During attack N-SAID SAID (topical for short term) B. In-between Mast cell stabilizer Anti-histaminic
Foreign Body IN UPPER LID -Removal of the foreign body  -Treatment of complications
Paralytic ectropion facial palsy Treatment:  If mild Z-plasty  If extensive skin graft To prevent exposure keratitis (due to lagophthalmos):  Lubricants at night  Lateral tarsoraphy  Lower lid support by fascia lata or sutures  Lateral tarsal sling
hypermature cataract A. Preoperative  Fundus by US or ophthalmoscope depending on intensity of opacity  Biometry (axial length, kerato-metry)  Pupillary light reflex  Electro-physiology (Electro-retinogram, electro-oculogram, visual evoked potential)  Color perception to assess macula  Light projection to assess field B. Surgery a. Large incision Intra-capsular cataract extraction (only in sever sub-laxation or dislocation) Extra-capsular cataract extraction b. Small incision Phaco-emulsification: contraindicated in hard nucleus C. Visual rehabilitation Intra-ocular lens is of choice
Primary optic atrophy - ttt of the cause= poor prognosis
Cavernous sinus thrombosis ttt= - hospitalization - IV AB (broad spectrum) - anticoagulant (heparin 5000 iu \ 12 h) -prophylaxis and ttt of corneal exposure.
Chalazion Incision & curette operation  Excision
Irido-cyclitis (Uveitis)  Atropine (Cycloplegic, Mydriatic)  Corticosteroids
Buphthalmos A. Clear cornea: Goniotomy B. Opaque cornea: sub-scleral trabeculotomy if failed sub-scleral trabeculectomy & anti metabolites
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